The significance of testosterone in men’s health cannot be overstated. This pivotal hormone plays a critical role in the development of male physical features, influences mood, contributes to sexual function, and supports muscle and bone health.

How to Boost Testosterone Levels in Men?
Testosterone Levels in Men Increases. Shutterstock Images.

Unfortunately, many men experience a decline in testosterone levels due to various factors, including age, lifestyle choices, and health conditions, leading to a range of issues from decreased energy levels and mood alterations to more severe health complications.

Recognizing the signs of low testosterone and addressing them through natural and medical interventions can profoundly improve one’s quality of life.

What Is Testosterone?

Testosterone is a steroid hormone produced mainly in the testes in men and the ovaries in women, though men produce it in much higher quantities. It’s responsible for the development of male secondary sexual characteristics, such as increased muscle and bone mass, as well as the growth of body hair. [1]

The importance of maintaining adequate testosterone levels is paramount for overall men’s health. Symptoms of low testosterone can include reduced sexual desire, chronic fatigue, loss of muscle mass, and emotional changes. [2]

Understanding Low Testosterone

low testosterone: symptoms, causes, and treatment

Low Testosterone: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment. Shutterstock Image

Men with low testosterone levels may experience a constellation of symptoms, including: [3]

  • Decreased sex drive (libido): This is often the first noticeable sign of low testosterone. Men may experience a reduced interest in sexual activity.
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED): Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection can be a frustrating symptom of low testosterone.
  • Fatigue and low energy: Feeling constantly tired and lacking motivation can result from low testosterone.
  • Loss of muscle mass and increased body fat: Men may experience a decrease in muscle mass and an increase in body fat, particularly around the middle.
  • Difficulty sleeping: Sleep disturbances and waking up feeling unrested can be associated with low testosterone.
  • Mood swings and irritability: Men with low testosterone may experience increased irritability, mood swings, and even symptoms of depression.
  • Reduced bone density: Low testosterone can contribute to weaker bones and an increased risk of fractures over time.

Natural Approaches to Boost Testosterone

The good news is that men can take proactive steps to support healthy testosterone levels naturally. Here are some key strategies: [4]

  • Exercise and Physical Activity:

    exercise and physical activity

    Exercise and Physical Activity. Shutterstock Image

    Engaging in regular physical activity, particularly weight training, is one of the most effective ways to boost testosterone. Weight training helps stimulate testosterone production by building muscle mass. Additionally, aiming for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week can offer further benefits. Here are some effective workouts to consider:

    – Squats: Often hailed as the king of strength training, squats engage several large muscle groups, including the quads, hamstrings, and glutes, driving testosterone production.

    – Deadlifts: This powerhouse move works out multiple major muscle groups, challenging your body and stimulating an increase in testosterone.

    – Bench Press: Targeting the chest, shoulders, and triceps, the bench press is a classic testosterone-boosting exercise.

    – Pull-Ups: By utilizing your body weight, pull-ups effectively work the upper body and improve muscle strength, contributing to higher testosterone levels.

    – HIIT: High-intensity interval training Training combines short bursts of intense exercise with periods of rest or low-intensity movements, proven to elevate testosterone significantly.

  • Dietary Strategies for Testosterone Production:

    foods that increase testosterone

    Foods That Increase Testosterone. Shutterstock Image

    A balanced diet rich in protein, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates provides the essential building blocks for testosterone synthesis. Lean protein sources like chicken, fish, and legumes are crucial. Healthy fats from avocados, nuts, and olive oil can also be beneficial. [5]

    Complex carbohydrates found in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables provide sustained energy and support overall health. Here are some effective foods to consider:

    – Fatty Fish and Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Salmon, mackerel, and sardines are excellent sources. They contribute to overall hormone health, including testosterone production.

    – Leafy Green Vegetables: Spinach, kale, and Swiss chard are packed with magnesium, a mineral known to boost testosterone levels.

    – Olive Oil: Incorporating extra virgin olive oil into your diet can improve Leydig cells’ function in the testes, which are responsible for testosterone production.

    – Pomegranates: The antioxidants in pomegranates have been linked to both a rise in testosterone levels and an improvement in mood and heart health.

    – Eggs: The cholesterol found in egg yolks serves as a precursor for testosterone. Consume them in moderation for their nutritional benefits without affecting your cholesterol levels negatively.

    – Garlic: When paired with a high-protein diet, garlic can significantly increase testosterone levels.

  • Stress Management Techniques:

    Chronic stress can significantly impact testosterone levels. The body produces cortisol, a hormone that can suppress testosterone production, in response to stress. Techniques like meditation, yoga, deep breathing exercises, and spending time in nature can help manage stress and promote relaxation. [6]

  • Sleep and Testosterone Production:

    Aim for 7-8 hours of quality sleep each night. During sleep, the body naturally produces testosterone. Establishing a regular sleep schedule, creating a relaxing bedtime routine, and optimizing your sleep environment can all contribute to improved sleep quality.

  • Supplements and Vitamins (if applicable):

    supplements and vitamins for low testosterone

    Supplements and Vitamins for Low Testosterone. Shutterstock Image

    Some research suggests that certain supplements like vitamin D, zinc, and magnesium may offer benefits for testosterone levels. However, it’s important to consult with your doctor before starting any new supplements, as individual needs and potential interactions with medications should be considered. [7]

    It’s important to remember that supplements are not a magic bullet, and a healthy lifestyle with the strategies mentioned above should be the primary focus.

Medical Treatments

If lifestyle changes aren’t enough to address low testosterone and associated symptoms, a doctor may recommend testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). TRT comes in various forms like injections, gels, and patches. It’s crucial to discuss the risks and benefits of TRT with a healthcare professional, as it can have side effects like increased risk of sleep apnea, enlarged breasts, and fertility issues.

Lifestyle Habits for Testosterone Support

Maintaining a healthy weight can positively impact testosterone levels. Excess body fat can contribute to lower testosterone production. Avoiding excessive alcohol and drug use is also important, as both can negatively impact testosterone levels.


By prioritizing a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management techniques, and quality sleep, men can naturally support optimal testosterone levels and promote overall well-being. However, consulting a healthcare professional is essential before starting any new supplements or treatments. A doctor can assess individual needs and recommend the best action to address low testosterone and optimize overall health.

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7 Sources

We review published medical research in respected scientific journals to arrive at our conclusions about a product or health topic. This ensures the highest standard of scientific accuracy.

[1] Nassar, George N. and Stephen W. Leslie. "StatPearls [Internet]." Physiology, Testosterone. StatPearls Publishing, 2 Jan. 2023,
[2] Professional, Medical. "Low Testosterone (Low T): Causes, Symptoms & Treatment." Cleveland Clinic, 19 Mar. 2024,
[3] Rajfer J. Decreased Testosterone in the Aging Male. Rev Urol. 2003;5(Suppl 1):S1–2. PMCID: PMC1502317.
[4] "5 All-Natural Ways to Boost Your Testosterone." 19 Mar. 2024,,such%20as%20chicken%20and%20fish.
[5] Whittaker J. High-protein diets and testosterone. Nutr Health. 2023 Jun;29(2):185-191. doi: 10.1177/02601060221132922. Epub 2022 Oct 20. PMID: 36266956; PMCID: PMC10114259.
[6] Xiong X, Wu Q, Zhang L, Gao S, Li R, Han L, Fan M, Wang M, Liu L, Wang X, Zhang C, Xin Y, Li Z, Huang C, Yang J. Chronic stress inhibits testosterone synthesis in Leydig cells through mitochondrial damage via Atp5a1. J Cell Mol Med. 2022 Jan;26(2):354-363. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.17085. Epub 2021 Dec 10. Erratum in: J Cell Mol Med. 2023 Oct;27(20):3213-3214. PMID: 34894202; PMCID: PMC8743653.
[7] Canguven O, Al Malki AH. Vitamin D and Male Erectile Function: An Updated Review. World J Mens Health. 2021 Jan;39(1):31-37. doi: 10.5534/wjmh.190151. Epub 2020 Jan 16. PMID: 32009309; PMCID: PMC7752519.
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Bilal Chughtai, M.D.

Dr. Bilal Chughtai is an associate professor of Urology at Weill Cornell Medical Center located in New York City. He has been practisin