Sage (Salvia Officinalis): Uses, Benefits, Side Effects and Doses

Sage
Editor's Note: This article has been recently updated with latest information and research studies.
 

What is Sage?

Sage (Salvia officinalis) refers to a medicinal herb used in the treatment of digestive problems like flatulence, loss of appetite, diarrhea, heartburn, and bloating among others. In addition, Sage has been used for several years in treating depression, memory loss, and Alzheimer’s disease. It also improves* menopausal symptoms like hot flashes and painful menstrual periods. When used on the skin, it can ease* signs associated with gum disease, sore mouth, cold sores and certain nasal problems. Sage usage has spread in various fields including in food industry as a spice and in the production of cosmetic products. Asthmatic patients inhale Sage to ease* the symptoms that come with the condition.

Where does it Come from?

Sage is extracted from the leaves of a perennial, evergreen herb native to the Mediterranean region. The herb has grayish leaves, blue to purplish flowers and a woody stem. This herb has been cultivated in different parts of the world due to its medicinal and culinary use since the tradition. Currently, Sage is being used as an ornamental garden plant in different parts around the world including the United States.

What are its Possible Health Benefits?

Sage has several health benefits which include the following:

Sage Health Benefits
  • Boosts* mental performance: Studies have shown that oral consumption of Sage helps to improve* concentration, memory and overall mental performance in adults. It is suggested that scent from sage increases* alertness, but has no effect on attention and memory.
  • Treats* Alzheimer’s Disease: A combination of two different species of Sage taken for 4 months can improve* memory, learning and information processing in patient suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Lowers Risk of Lung Cancer: According to studies, you are 54% less* likely to develop lung cancer if you use Sage than those who don’t.
  • Cold Sores: Topical application of cream containing Sage and Rhubarb alleviates* cold sores within a few days.
  • Lowers Cholesterol: When taken thrice a day for 2 consecutive months, Sage lowers the levels of “bad” cholesterol and fat in blood in people who are obese or overweight.
  • Ease* Menopausal Symptoms: Studies have shown that continuous use of Sage extracts improves* menopausal symptoms including hot flashes. Emerging studies indicate that when combined with Alfalfa extracts, Sage can ease* night sweats and hot flashes.

What are the Potential Side Effects of Sage?

In less* amounts, like commonly used in foods, sage is considered safe. It is also safe when taken by mouth or applied directly on the skin. Nevertheless, in higher doses for a long duration, Sage can be dangerous. It contains a poisonous chemical (thujone) that can cause seizures, liver damage or alter the nervous system. Studies have shown a strong link between thujone and a reduction* in milk production in breastfeeding mothers. Always check your sugar levels if you use Sage and you are diabetic as it may lower blood sugar in diabetic patients. People with hormone-sensitive conditions like uterine fibroids, ovarian cancer, and breast cancer may experience similar effects if they use Sage. Other possible Sage side effects include high blood pressure and seizures.

Recommended Doses and Timing for Sage

Dosing and timing for Sage depend on the condition being treated. Scientific researched recommendations for treating Alzheimer’s disease is daily consumption of 1 milligram of Sage. You should eventually increase* the dosage to a maximum of 2.5 milligrams thrice in a day. For cold sores, apply 23 milligrams of Sage topically on the affected areas after every 2 to 4 hours during the day for 10 to 14 days. Always remember to check manufacturer’s directions for use as dosing and timing may vary when dealing with other health problems.

Uses of Sage in Supplements

Sage is available in form of a supplement. It is included in several products for treating mental conditions, low mood, and loss of appetite, poor concentration, and poor memory, Obesity, ADHD and Alzheimer’s disease among others. While Sage can be effective in the treatment of several health conditions, it should not be used to replace prescription drugs. You can use it as a dietary supplement to prevent the occurrence of various diseases.

Sage Interactions

Do not use Sage if you are already on medication for diabetes as it can decrease* blood sugar to the extreme. It should also not be combined with anticonvulsants, medication used for treating seizure or sedative drugs. This is because Sage may interfere with the brain chemicals balance created by prescribed medications, which can worsen the symptoms.

Conclusion

Being a naturally extracted ingredient renowned to have several benefits to human health, Sage appears to be one of the most important compounds you should look for in any supplement. It has undergone scientific researches and found to be effective in easing symptoms associated Alzheimer’s disease and cold sores. Although more research is still needed, it is suggested that Sage may still be helpful in the fight against many other diseases. It is safe in small amounts like in our foods and supplementation can be obtained in local drugstores.

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Author

Expert Author : Kathy Parks (Consumer Health Digest)

Kathy Parks is a graduate who enjoys writing on different topics including men’s and women’s health, beauty and fitness. Being a mother and wife-she drives so much strength and inspiration from the desire to have a healthy family. Her health writings are done with the same passion-to ensure healthy family members. She is contributing to Consumer Health Digest for different categories.