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Wrinkles and Fine Lines: Causes and Preventions You Should Know

Editor's Note: This article has been recently updated with latest information and research studies.

Introduction of Fine Line Wrinkles

Facial lines and wrinkles form from because of a variety of things, including the natural aging process, damage from the sun, general muscle movement, gravity, injury, surgery, acne, smoking and other skin conditions that have a tendency to scar. When irregular thickening of the dermis occurs, as well as the amount of water held in the epidermis decreases*, fine lines develop. Dynamic or static lines are when deeper lines or furrows develop. These appear with movement, such as smiling or frowning. Dynamic lines will eventually become static. Static lines remain unchanged with muscle movement. Examples of fine lines include crow’s feet around the eyes, worry lines on the forehead and frown lines between the eyebrows.

What are the Classifications of Fine Lines?

According to Glogau’s Classifications of Fine Lines and Wrinkles, there are four classifications:

  • Mild – Few wrinkles or fine lines, requiring little makeup
  • Moderate – The early signs of wrinkles; a sallow complex, requiring some makeup
  • Advanced – This form of wrinkling is more persistent, requiring specialized makeup
  • Severe – Fine lines show up all over the face. Wrinkles and furrows are also present and makeup is not sufficient to cover

Causes of Fine Lines

  • Crow’s Feet: Laughter and smiling causes crow’s feet to develop around the outer corners of the eyes. This is because of repeated muscle movement. Squinting can also cause crow’s feet. Most people notice the first signs of aging around their eyes. Sunscreen should always be worn on the face to avoid sun damage. The skin around your eyes is the thinnest skin on your body, which means this area is more susceptible to wrinkles.
  • Worry Lines: Although experts are still unsure if worry lines are caused by frowning, it is undeniable that stress and wrinkles are related. Each human has chromosomes, which are the structures in our cells that contain our genes. Regions called telomeres are at the end of our chromosomes. Each time a cell splits during mitosis, a bit of telomere is lost. Cells cannot divide once telomere is limited. The older we get, the more our cells have divided and the shorter our telomeres are. People who experience high levels of stress have shorter telomeres in a faster period of time. It is likely that people develop wrinkles because of our lifestyle and the stress we experience.
  • Frown Lines: Deep frown lines can be caused by sun damage and the natural aging process. As we age and our skin becomes damaged, the skin loses its elasticity. Genetic makeup and hormones can also lead to frown lines.

How to Prevent Wrinkles and Fine Lines Using Creams?

There is some controversy about whether or not dry skin causes wrinkles. There is some research that suggests it does, but many experts feel this is untrue. Still, using a good moisturizer can help keep your skin healthy, which can help prevent wrinkles. It is important to make sure your skin is moisturized no matter what age you are. Even though moisturizing only has a temporary effect of keeping the skin supple, it will ultimately help fine lines from forming.

Retinoids are a true anti-ager that many experts agree on. Retinoids work by increasing* cell turnover deep within the dermis. You will get the best results from using prescription Retinoids, although over-the-counter Retinoid products are available.

Health Expert’s View on Fine Lines

According to WebMD, facial cream made with turmeric my help reduce* fine lines on the face. It can also help rid the body of age spots. Turmeric contains antioxidants. The properties of this cream can help fight the signs of aging.

As we age, particles, known as free radicals, can damage cell membranes, tamper with DNA and ultimately kills cells. Antioxidants help to neutralize these free radicals, which can help fight the natural aging process, including wrinkles. Turmeric can also reduce* swelling.

In another article posted on WebMD, recent research has shown that the most important skincare steps taken are taken in our 20s and 30s. These steps determine how well our skin will age.

Preventing Fine Lines

Staying out of the sun is one of the biggest modes of prevention available. The other thing you can do is to avoid smoking. Combining cigarette smoking with sun damage increases* your chance for developing wrinkles ten times. Many dermatologists feel that using anti-aging beauty products in your 20s may be a waste of time.

The Bottom Line

Fine lines can appear on anyone at any age. Some people are lucky enough to reach middle age before fine lines begin to appear, whereas others struggle earlier – even as early as their late 20s. Your day-to-day choices help determine when and where you will develop fine lines. Begin preventative measures as early as possible, but remember that it is never too late to start.