What is Collagen?
A kind of a protein found in a mammal body is called Collagen. Collagen is stringy in character and it joins and supports other body tissues. Skin, bone, tendons, muscles and cartilage are some to name. Collagen is also responsible for holding up the internal organs of the body and is also there in teeth.
Collagen is been considered one of the most abundant types of protein found in a mammal body, even in humans. Putting in figures, almost 25% of body protein is collagen itself. Just like to join hard board cut outs into a structure or a model, we need glue so that the pieces do not fall apart, do keep the body and its part intact, it is the collagen that’s responsible.
Where is Collagen Found?
Collagen possesses great tensile force and it functions in a manner that proves that it is very different from many other types of proteins. Now comes the answer to the question and it is that the collagen is found both inside and outside of cells. Collagen fibres are significant in causative to the peripheral structure of the cells, but they are present in the interior walls of the cells as well.
Collagen actually works along with elastin in order to provide the proper support, firmness and vigour to the body tissues, be it the exterior skin or the muscles that make up internal organs. In fact, collagen and elastin are important for blood vessels too.
Collagen combines with the protein component keratin to provide the exterior skin the firmness and pliability and this is why with the ageing of the body, collagen quantity starts reducing* leading to wrinkles and other effects of the ageing skin, reason for all being- collagen reduction*.
Characteristics of Collagen
In order to understand collagen and its working more, let’s have a look at its characteristics:
- Collagen is one of the long and fibrous structural proteins.
- It works different than enzymes.
- Collagen is responsible for extracellular milieu that supports tissues, provides structure and firmness to cells, tissues and eventually organs.
- Collagen has great tensile strength.
- There are more than 25 types of collagens that naturally occur in the body.
- It combines with keratin to provide skin its strength and elasticity.
- It is one of the main constituents of ligaments, tendons, bones, cartilage and skin.
- Collagen is responsible for strength of blood vessel.
- Degradation of collagen leads to loosening of the skin along with wrinkle formation.
- Collagen is also there in the eye lens and cornea.
- Collagen due to its strength endowing power, is used in cosmetic and burn surgeries.
- It is also used for mechanical purposes of sausage and salami casings.
Side Effects of Collagen
- Rare allergies
- Risk of infection from foreign body entering the skin through collagen injection
- Infection on the puncture/ injection site due to improper care
- Scarring / Marks / Rashes
- Pain and swelling
- Lumping of skin at some areas
How do Collagen Injections Fight Wrinkles?
Collagen injections actually restock the skin’s natural collagen which eventually starts reducing* due to ageing or other imbalances in the body. Since collagen is responsible for skin’s firmness and contour, the natural charm of the skin is restored while the collagen injected in the skin starts providing it shape and support.
Zyderm and Zyplast are the two collagen products extorted from cows that substitute the collagen that is deficient from the skin. Zyderm and Zyplast collagen are thus positioned right below the skin, in the dermis of the skin where it is receipted by the skin layer as its own. CosmoDerm and CosmoPlast are again two protein substitutes that are actually nothing but bioengineered human collagen products.
Do not forget to go for a skin test before such injections to find out about allergies if any. Also remember that the process is followed and done by a trained and experienced professional.
What are the Additional Forms of Collagen?
There are many types and additional forms of collagen available these days. In case of collagen deficiency, you can always go for them. Two of these types are stated below for your reference:
- Hydrolyzed Collagen
Collagen that is produced by the process of hydrolysis is called hydrolyzed collagen. Hydrolysis is the procedure by which the raw materials are made into collagen supplements. Most of the producers of the same use high temperature and concentrated acids for hydrolysis as it is an economical process; the only problem being the end result that might contain residual as well. Still, the cleanest way to hydrolyze is collagen is by proteolytic enzymes that ensures the purity of the end results.
- Collagen Creams
There is a wide market of collagen creams that determine the collagen induction through exterior application. The only thing to be kept in mind is the right quality and rational use of such product. Active ingredients in such creams can add to production of collagen and smooth out wrinkles in aged skin.
5 Tricks to Boost* Your Skin Collagen in the Morning
How do Collagen Creams Differ from Injectable Collagen for Reduce* Wrinkle?
Creams are better to use than the injectable collagen as it has lesser chances of infections. Also, the collagen injections might eventually start producing lumps in the skin and a trusted collagen cream if rationally used can help a loosened and a wrinkled skin. Bruising, bleeding, allergies, swelling, pain, etc. are the resulting side effects of collagen injections whereas collagen creams are safer in these aspects. Though it is almost impossible to get collagen in your skin through pores and this is why application of collagen creams is a very slow and long process.
Collagen is an essential requirement for the firmness of skin and its reduction* will lately emerge with ageing. A nutritive protein rich diet, stress free lifestyle and healthy routine can help it stay longer. So definitely, it is always better to take care naturally than to reach a stage where you have to acquire the support of artificial sources.