A urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when microbes gain access to the urinary tract. The organisms that can cause an infection in the urinary tract include bacteria, viruses and fungi with bacteria being the most common of them all. The urinary tract is made up of a pair of ureters, kidneys, bladder and urethra. Microbes can affect any part of the urinary tract, and this will have an effect on the life of a woman.
How Does UTI affect the life of a woman?
The urinary tract is a drainage system that helps to remove wastes from the body. When a woman is suffering from a urinary tract infection, she will present with the following symptoms, and this will have an effect on her life.
- The woman may present with frequent urination or a constant urge to visit the toilet. This will affect the life of the woman because she remains unsettled and has to visit the toilet now and then. This can take a toll on the self-esteem of the woman as she may be psychologically worried what people will think about her.
- The woman may also present with pain in the pelvic or the abdomen region. This may require her to take painkillers now and then especially in the first stages when the diagnosis has not been made.
- The woman may also present with fever and chills that leave her very uncomfortable. This will require her to take a course of antibiotics to help in clearing the infection.
- The woman is also encouraged to take plenty of water to help in flushing out the toxins from the urinary tract. It is advisable for an individual to take at least 6 to 8 glasses of water daily, and this is especially important in cases where one is already suffering from a urinary tract infection.
The condition may also present with nausea and vomiting, and this makes one have a low appetite. This may lower the immunity predisposing one to more infections and causing the condition to worsen. It may also lead to a loss of weight in cases where the vomiting is severe and this may require the woman to be admitted to the hospital.
Women who suffer from UTIs are advised to avoid the use of some contraceptives as they increase the risk of getting a recurrence. This includes spring-rim that may cause bruising in the area located near the bladder, and this will make one more susceptible to infection. Spermicidal gel and foam are also discouraged in women suffering from UTIs especially the ones that are used with diaphragms because they increase susceptibility. It is also advisable to avoid the use of spermicidal as they contain nonoxynol-9. This is a chemical that increases the risk of getting a urinary tract infection.
Urinary Tract Infections and Pregnant Women:
Urinary tract infections are also common in pregnant women, and this may cause complications to both the mother and the baby. This is because the increase in the size of the uterus, compresses the bladder and the uterus. This in turn causes a back pressure of the urine into the kidneys, and these increases the risk of infection. The women who are pregnant are encouraged to have their urine taken for testing, and this should frequently be done to ensure that they are free of infection. The mother is likely to have a premature labor, and this may lead to the birth of a premature baby.
Urinary Tract Infections and Sexual Life:
UTI can present with a burning sensation while passing urine, and this can be accompanied by a bad odor. This may have an impact on the sexual life of the woman. The woman may refrain from having sexual intercourse as they are too embarrassed by the offensive smell coming from their genitalia. The woman may also have pain when having sexual intercourse, and this may cause them to abstain. This is likely to have an adverse impact on the relationship.
It is advisable to seek treatment for urinary tract infection as early as possible to prevent complications. Women who have frequent infections of the urinary tract may have scarring of the kidneys, and this can lead to kidney failure in the future. This is likely to have an adverse effect on the life of a woman because she will require frequent dialysis. This is a mode of treatment for renal failure, and it is very expensive.
Urinary tract infections affect any area in the urinary tract, and they are common in pregnant women. The condition will have an impact on the life of a woman because of the symptoms that it presents. The woman has burning sensation when passing urine and pain when having sexual intercourse, bad odor from the genitalia. The women who are pregnant are likely to have a premature labor, and this can have an effect on both the mother and unborn child.