Important Things You Should Know about Metabolic Syndrome

Written by - Reviewed by Consumer Health Digest Team

Published: Jan 6, 2014 | Last Updated: Dec 24, 2018

Metabolic Syndrome

What is Metabolic Syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome refers to a number of risk factors that elevates chances of heart disease as well as other medical complications including stroke and diabetes. To function normally and keep diseases at bay, a number of metabolic functions have to take place. These include all mechanisms that help in the fight against diseases.

How is Metabolic Syndrome Defined?

With the term “metabolic” encompassing a number of body processes for a normal functioning, risk factors consists of any traits, conditions or habits that curtails customary body functions which in turn increases the risks of onset of a disease. You may experience a single risk factor but its normal for 2 or more to occur simultaneously. However, the risk for heart disease, diabetes, or stroke increases with the number of risk factors involved.

Other Names for Metabolic Syndrome

  • Dysmetabolic Syndrome: It is associated with an increased cardiovascular mortality. It is genetically and environmentally triggered.
  • Hypertriglyceridemic Waist: This refers to a large waistline. It is also known as “abdominal obesity” or having an apple shaped waistline. You are at an increased risk of heart disease with fat accumulation on the stomach than on any other body part.
  • Insulin Resistance Syndrome: It is a condition that occurs when your body fails to utilize insulin properly. In some cases, mild high blood sugar marks the onset of diabetes. It is closely associated with being obese or overweight.
  • Obesity Syndrome: It usually affects individuals with a BMI of about 50. It affects a person’s ability to breathe in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide.
  • Syndrome X: Also known as Turner Syndrome, it occurs when an individual has a single X chromosome.

What are The Signs and Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome?

  • Distended Abdomen: There is fat concentration around your waist giving you an “apple shape”. This is easily diagnosed if your waist line has a circumference of more than 40 inches or more for men and over 35 inches in women.
  • High Blood Pressure: This means you have a systolic blood pressure measurement of 130 mm of mercury (mm HG) or more diastolic blood pressure measurement than 85 mm HG.
  • Increased Blood Sugar: With a fasting blood glucose test, your blood sugars measures 100 milligrams per deciliter or 5.6 milimoles per liter or in excess.
  • High Cholesterol: The triglycerides levels are in excess of 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) and the levels of High-Density Lipoprotein less than 50 mg/dL in men and 30 mg/dL in women.

What are The Causes of Metabolic Syndrome?

  • Genetics: If there is a history of an early heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension in your family, you are at an increased of metabolic syndrome.
  • Obesity/overweight: Progressive weight gain, sedentary lifestyles, and low activity level heighten the chances of metabolic syndrome.
  • Diet: This refers to consumption of foods rich in carbohydrates and unhealthy fats.
  • Age: Although metabolic syndrome affects younger, adults who are obese or overweight, it is more prevalent among the aged.
  • Sleep Apnea: This refers to sleep disorder where you experience one or more pauses or shallow breathes during sleep. It is typical in obese individuals.
  • Hormonal Imbalance: These can occur from medications, infection of hormones producing glands or a hormonal replacement therapy.
  • Other: Women at post-menopausal phase are at an increased chance of suffering from this condition. Smoking and excessive alcoholism also triggers metabolic syndrome.

If I have Metabolic Syndrome, what Health Problems Might Develop?

  • Damages to the lining of coronary as well as other arteries. This is a key step in the development of heart disease and stroke.
  • Your kidneys are unable to remove salts leading to high blood pressure, stroke, and heart disease.
  • Triglycerides levels shoot up, a preliminary to heart disease.
  • There are higher chances in the formation of a blood clot which block arteries leading to stroke or heart attack.
  • Decrease in insulin production which is a sign of type 2 diabetes.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes resulting to poor eyesight, nerve problems, as well as kidneys failure.

What Therapies Recommended for Metabolic Syndrome?

  • Dietary Changes: This entails embarking on low-carbs diets and avoiding foods containing animal fats. Health experts recommend eating food rich in fiber and taking plenty of water.
  • Exercise: The overall benefits of exercise go beyond weight loss but also promote blood circulation which helps in the elimination of toxins. Make sure to consult a physician for advice on healthy workouts to get rid of fat in your abdomen without posing any health risks.
  • Mind/Body: Establish a strong connection between your mind and body. This will avert stress which can lead to weight gain or depression that can only worsen your condition.
  • Supplements: There are several products you can easily purchase in most reputable stores online to avert the dangers that come with metabolic syndrome. They are specially formulated for different individuals especially if you have any underlying medical condition.

Other Alternative Treatments for Metabolic Syndrome

  • Quit Smoking: This will clear up your lungs and repel you from dangers associated with hundreds of cigarette toxins including some types of cancer.
  • Healthy Eating: Don’t just rush for any meal type. Ensure your meal contains essential nutrients necessary to fight illnesses and protect you from gaining weight.
  • Cosmetic Surgery: Although it comes with a number of risks, it is recommendable as a last resort for obese patients with metabolic syndrome. The process involves surgical removal of excess abdominal fat.
  • Others: These include acupuncture, aromatherapy, and prescribed medications among others.

Which Treatment Should I Prefer?

Depending on the seriousness of your condition, your physician is the one to determine the best treatment approach. In some cases, he/she may give you a number to choose from with respect to your health status. A combination of several treatment methods can give speedy results but caution is necessary to avoid negative reactions or death. A healthy lifestyle and behavioral changes can in most cases go hand in hand with any treatment method.

Final Words

Being obese or overweight exposes you to a number of health complications with fatalities having being reported. It is quite important to take all measures and avoid the untimely death of uncalled for expenses in the treatment medical conditions that may arise. Regular exercise and healthy diets is the hallmark of a longer and enjoyable life. Stay away from dangerous habits such as excessive alcoholism and smoking which other than reaping your hard earned cash, can also rob you a healthy living.

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