Diabetes is the common term used for diabetes mellitus which is a group of metabolic diseases that involve high blood sugar (blood glucose). The reason for high blood glucose is either because of an inadequate production of insulin, because the body doesn’t respond well to insulin or both of these reasons. The common symptoms of having high blood glucose include frequent urination (polyuria), persistently becoming thirsty and constantly being hungry even shortly after meals.
Types of Diabetes
There are three common types of diabetes.
- The first one is gestational diabetes which occurs in pregnant women. This type can easily be managed with the right diet and exercise program.
- The second type is type 1 diabetes which is known as insulin-dependent diabetes, early onset diabetes or juvenile diabetes. This is a condition wherein the body doesn’t produce enough insulin thus the need for insulin injections.
- The third type is type 2 diabetes wherein the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body doesn’t react to insulin (insulin resistance). About 90% of cases of diabetes are type-2 diabetes. This type of diabetes is closely connected to unhealthy food habits, obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.
How to Lose Weight When You Have Diabetes
Losing weight is beneficial when it comes to managing diabetes. Obese people and individuals who are overweight have a much higher chance of suffering from complications of the disease. This is why it is important to lose weight or maintain a healthy weight when you have diabetes. Studies also show that maintaining a healthy weight is one of the most effective ways to prevent type-2 diabetes.
The first thing you need to do if you have diabetes and want to lose weight is to consult your doctor. Ask about what kind of weight loss diet is best for your particular type of diabetes. You should also ask about the types of exercises you can perform. Start with light activity like brisk walking, riding a bike or hiking. Exercise is beneficial for people who have type-2 diabetes since it increases insulin sensitivity. Avoid reducing calorie intake too much and very low carbohydrate diets since this can cause the symptoms of diabetes to become worse.
Low-Calorie Plans and Diabetic Diets
Again, you need to consult your doctor before starting any weight loss diet if you have diabetes. In most cases, you can follow your normal diabetic diet and just reduce caloric intake for weight loss. Add regular exercise to the equation and you will gradually get rid of the excess weight on your body. In some people, a healthy eating plan combined with regular exercise can reduce or even eliminate the need for diabetes medication for lowering blood glucose.
Consume Low-Carb Food
There are several studies that indicate low carbohydrate diets are best for people with diabetes. This is because carbohydrates are one of the main influences of blood sugar levels. Studies found that low carbohydrate diets helps diabetic patients control blood sugar better when compared to moderate and high-carbohydrate diets. You still need some carbohydrates but you should be careful when it comes to your sugar intake. Some of the best low-carb foods for weight loss include fat-free Greek yogurt, eggs, lean meat, fish, turkey, chicken breast and tuna. Your sources of carbohydrates should include vegetables and whole grain foods.
Permanent Lifestyle Changes
Weight loss should involve permanent lifestyle changes which include making healthy eating and regular exercise a permanent part of your regular routine. This way, the weight you have lost won’t come back in the future. A healthy diet combined with regular exercise can help manage diabetes and prevent complications related to the disease. You should also avoid consuming too much alcohol and other unhealthy habits like smoking which can worsen diabetes.
If you are overweight or obese and have diabetes, there are many reasons why you should lose weight. Follow the tips mentioned in this article for weight loss and you will experience a significant improvement in your overall health and well-being allowing you to live your life to the fullest despite being afflicted with diabetes.