Why Water Retention Occur In Kidney Patients?

Editor's Note: This article has been recently updated with latest information and research studies.
 

For the human body to work, every part of it has to be in perfect working condition. Any imbalance of hormones or nutrients can wreak havoc on the body. When the body is not working correctly, it can lead to issues like water retention. Kidney patients often develop water retention due to an improperly function kidney.

What is Kidney Failure?

The kidneys normally work to filter out waste and toxins from the blood. They are also responsible for regulating the blood pressure and the creation of red blood cells. In the body, the kidneys are tasked with keeping electrolytes in balance. When the kidneys are not working properly, individuals may notice numerous signs like weakness, fatigue, breathing problems, mental confusion or lethargy. If the kidneys are unable to remove* additional potassium from the bloodstream, it can lead to heart arrhythmias or heart failure.

Kidney Patients

Although there are many symptoms associated with kidney failure, some patients may not develop any initial signs. Some of these cases may be treatable, but kidney failure is often progressive. The physician will diagnose the disease after testing BUN, GFR and creatinine levels in the blood. Once the diagnosis is made, there are a few different treatment methods available. If an underlying condition is present, the doctor may seek to address that first. In severe cases, the only option may be a transplant or dialysis.

What are The Facts Behind Water Retention In Kidney Failure Patients?

Kidney patients typically develop water retention due to a loss of protein in the urine or weakened kidney function. Normally, kidneys release a set amount of protein from the body. In nephrotic syndrome, albumin is reduced* in the blood. Once this occurs, blood volume drops and the kidneys are signaled to retain salt. As sodium is stored by the body, it absorbs additional fluids and leads to water retention. For these patients, water retention is treated by removing* dietary salt and lowering the amount of protein lost in the urine. Doctors may prescribe ARB’s or ACE inhibitors.

Patients with impaired kidney function may develop a sodium issue. Due to the weakened nature of the kidneys, the body is unable to excrete enough sodium into the urine. When the sodium is unable to leave the body, it causes water to be absorbed and retained in the body. As kidney failure becomes more advanced, the likelihood of developing water retention increases*. In serious cases, patients may have to use a dialysis machine. This type of therapy regulates the blood and removes* sodium from the body. Blood is circulated through an artificial membrane to cleanse out toxins and sodium. Normally, this treatment is only recommended for patients who have only five to ten percent of their normal kidney function.

How Can Someone Treat* That Problem So That Water Retention Does Not Occur?

Some cases of water retention can be treated by consuming additional water, eating a healthy diet and working out. In kidney patients, doctors may prescribe a diuretic or water retention tablet. These medications are designed to increase* the amount of water that is released by the body. Certain diuretics can reduce* the amount of potassium in the urine. For these individuals, high potassium foods like tomatoes, bananas, orange juice and potatoes should be consumed. If the kidneys are too impaired, the opposite should be done. In serious cases, the body already has too much potassium. Since the treatment process varies greatly depending on the case, individuals should always visit their medical practitioner. Only a trained medical practitioner can offer advice about what to do in cases of severe or moderate kidney failure.

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Author

Expert Author : Emily Clark (Consumer Health Digest)

Emily Clark is a medical writer with years of experience. She can be found residing in Maywood, Illinois, researching and writing on recent advances in medicine.