Women between adolescence and menopause deal with premenstrual syndrome every month. This syndrome includes a mixture of emotional and physical symptoms. The majority of women at child-bearing age experience a range of symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome.
In the media, emotional symptoms are associated with the syndrome. For most women, the emotional symptoms and physical ailments are minor. In select cases, they can be serious.
What is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)?
Known as PMS, premenstrual syndrome occurs during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.
This is normally ten days before the start of the menstrual cycle. It may cause breast tenderness or bloating. Roughly two to ten percent of women also experience premenstrual symptoms that are different than the average female.
A severe version of the syndrome is known as Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD).Although many of the same symptoms occur with both conditions, PMDD typically causes more severe symptoms and worse mood swings.
What Causes PMS?
Although PMS has been linked to the luteal phase, scientists do not know exactly what causes PMS. Studies of sex hormones among twins indicate that genetics may play a role. New research on the topic also indicates that neurotransmitters interact with these hormones within the nervous system.
About 40 percent of women who experience PMS have a drop in beta-endorphin during the luteal stage. This chemical is structurally similar to opiates and the lack of beta-endorphin can reduce* withdrawal-like symptoms.
Some researchers also think that PMS is due to cultural factors. The power of the mind and the placebo effect could cause someone to suffer symptoms that they would not normally deal with. Although cultural factors are not proven causes of PMS, it is a possibility faced by researchers.
What are The Symptoms of PMS?
Medically, there are 200 different symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome. The most common symptoms are tension, sadness and irritability. Often, women may experience additional stress, anxiety or fatigue.
They may suffer from headaches, mood swings and libido changes. Physically, women will most likely deal with bloating, breast tenderness or acne. Other physical symptoms include abdominal cramps, muscle pain, swelling and constipation.
For these symptoms to be medically classified as premenstrual syndrome, the emotional symptoms must be present. Physical symptoms alone are not enough to lead to a diagnosis of PMS. In addition, the symptoms must be present one week to ten days before the start of the menstrual cycle.
How is Premenstrual Syndrome Linked to Water Retention Problems?
Changing hormones within the body can cause fluid retention. Most women experience some bloating during their menstrual cycle. As hormone levels fluctuate, it triggers the body to retain fluid. This can lead to weight gain, swelling and bloating. Once a few days have passed, these symptoms will normally go away on their own.
What is The Treatment and Diagnosis Method for PMS?
For someone to be diagnosed with PMS, they must suffer from some of the emotional symptoms. There are no laboratory tests that can effectively diagnose PMS. Typically, women have to experience irritability, tension or sadness. These symptoms must occur during the luteal phase and disappear before or during menstruation.
In addition, the symptoms must be severe enough that they interfere with day to day activities. Normally, a physician will have a woman keep track of her symptoms over two menstrual cycles.
Doctors will normally prescribe methods of managing PMS since this condition cannot be cured. For minor cases, women may be advised to change their diet or lifestyle. Doctors may prescribe a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or some type of hormonal treatment.
Often, exercise can be used to reduce* symptoms. Women may be advised to lower the amount of caffeine or sodium in their diet. They may be given vitamin B6, tryptophan, manganese or magnesium. Hormonal contraception can smooth out the severity of symptoms while diuretics can reduce* water retention problems.
How Can Someone Prevent PMS?
To prevent premenstrual syndrome, women should lower their caffeine intake and reduce* the amount of stress in their lives. As women grow older, PMS can occur more frequently. During these times, it is important to receive enough Vitamin B6, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, magnesium and zinc.
If the diet does not contain enough of these nutrients, women should try to eat healthier. Many doctors also suggest the value of exercise in preventing PMS.
What are The Diet and Exercise Programs that Women Should Follow?
Dietary methods of treating PMS should include eating plenty of fruits, vegetables and fiber. Limiting caffeine consumption is important. In addition, women should lower their intake of sodium and sugar. Successful fitness routines should focus on aerobic exercises to increase* blood flow and circulation.
Millions of women experience severe premenstrual syndrome symptoms every month. To prevent and treat* this syndrome, women must adopt a healthier lifestyle. For severe symptoms, doctors can recommend medication or oral contraception that can alleviate problems.