What are Neurological Disorders and How Can be it Treated?

Neurological Disorders
Editor's Note: This article has been recently updated with latest information and research studies.
 

Many people suffer from neurological disorders. These diseases affect the central and peripheral nervous system. They can cause problems for the brain, nerve roots or cranial nerves. In many cases, the diseases also affect the spinal cord, peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junction, autonomic nervous system and the muscles.

What are Neurological Disorders and How Many People are Affected by them?

Neurological disorders span a wide range of condition. Some people suffer from Alzheimer disease, epilepsy or cerebrovascular diseases. Some of these cerebrovascular diseases include things like migraines, strokes or Parkinson’s disease. Other disorders include headache disorders, neuroinfections, brain tumors and dementia. In addition, some people may suffer from neurological problems due to brain trauma or malnutrition.

People often confuse neurological disorders with psychiatric illnesses. A mental disorder can lead to abnormalities in the way someone behaves, thinks or acts. They can also cause mental distress or problems functioning. Unlike mental disorders, a neurological disorder changes the physical structure of the brains and nerves. Altogether, there are hundreds of millions of people around the world. Globally, there are 50 million people who suffer from epilepsy and 326 million people with migraines. An additional 62 million people suffer from cerebrovascular disease. There are also 24 million people who suffer from dementia and Alzheimer around the world. Like many diseases and disorders, the extent of neurological disorders is not entirely known. For someone to be included in the statistic, they must be formally diagnosed. In third world nations and among people without healthcare insurance, getting a diagnosis or treatment can be difficult or even impossible.

What Causes Neurological Disorders?

Between the skull and the brain, tough membranes protect* the skull and mind. There are nerves that lie underneath the skin that can cause issues when they are damaged. Within the mind, neurons are constantly firing and transmitting information. These delicate neurons can suffer from electrochemical damage or problems with structural disruption. The mind can also be harmed through injuries.

All of these parts of the mind have to be working in concert for the brain to function effectively. If any of the pieces of the mind are working incorrectly, it will cause a neurological disorder. These conditions may be caused by an underlying genetic disorder or congenital abnormality. In some cases, problems like an infection, malnutrition or nerve injury can also cause issues. Even autoimmune disorders can cause neurological deterioration.

What are the Symptoms and Conditions of Neurological Disorders?

Some common symptoms of neurological disorders include pain, dizziness or fainting spells. Individuals may find it difficult to think and function normally. They may suffer from a stupor, dementia, delirium or coma. Within the mind, certain types of damage can lead to a disorder. This includes cerebral lobe damage or damage to the occipital lobe, frontal lobe, temporal lobe or parietal lobe.

If someone has issues with language, they may suffer from aphasia or dysarthria. Difficulties with identifying people or remembering things may be due to agnosia or amnesia. Problems with sequences of movements may be due to apraxia. Specific conditions that cause mental problems include peripheral neuropathy, Parkinson’s disease, seizure disorders, cranial nerve disorder, spinal cord disorder, epilepsy, Trigeminal neuralgia, multiple system atrophy, Tourette’s Syndrome and multiple sclerosis. Other mental disorders include sleep disorders like narcolepsy, migraines, ALS, autism and Huntington’s disease.

How are Neurological Disorders Linked to Water Retention Problems?

Some conditions like peripheral neuropathy can lead to water retention. Essentially, a hormonal imbalance in the body harms the normal metabolic processes. This can slow the metabolism and limit the functioning of the thyroid. When this happens, it causes water retention within the tissue. Once these tissues start to swell, they put pressure on the nerves. Over time, this leads to neurological problems and potential pain. Other neurological disorders also can cause water retention.

How Can Neurological Disorders be Treated?

Every neurological disorder requires a different treatment method. Serious problems may require medication, electroshock therapy or therapy. For headaches, the treatment may be as simple as taking a few ibuprofen. In order to figure out the best treatment method, individuals must always consult with their doctor. Only a trained medical professional can diagnose a neurological condition and decide how it can be treated. For water retention symptoms, there are diuretics and water retention pills that can reduce* the amount of fluid retained within the body. Like every medication, individuals should discuss using these water retention pills with their doctor.

Neurological disorders include a wide range of conditions, symptoms and treatment methods. Individuals may initially notice that their ability to speak or think clearly weakens. Soon, they may have problems physically functioning or carrying out day to day tasks. In some cases, neurological disorders may lead to tremors, memory problems and problems seeing clearly. With the help of a qualified medical practitioner, individuals can seek relief* from their condition.

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Author

Expert Author : Emily Clark (Consumer Health Digest)

Emily Clark is a medical writer with years of experience. She can be found residing in Maywood, Illinois, researching and writing on recent advances in medicine.