How Does Excess Sodium In The Body Cause Fluid Retention?

Written by Sandra Green
Excess Sodium in the Body Causes

In recent years, salt has received an increasing amount of focus in the media. Studies have shown that a high sodium diet can lead to hypertension, cardiovascular problems and fluid retention. Despite the negative press, sodium does not cause permanent weight gain. Increased levels of sodium can cause water retention. This water retention can lead to temporary weight gain. Once sodium levels are decreased, any fluid retention problems should resolve on their own quickly.

How Does Excess Sodium Affect The Human Body?

Blood Pressure Check

Many people think of table salt when they hear the word sodium. In reality, many processed foods and prepackaged products already have significant amounts of sodium in them. From restaurant meals to fast food, many parts of our diet are filled with sodium.

Over time, large amounts of sodium can cause hypertension. Known colloquially as high blood pressure, this condition happens when the water balance in the body is not regulated correctly. Excess sodium increases the amount of blood volume and blood pressure. In addition, too much sodium can lead to abnormal heart development, cardiovascular problems and ventricular hypertrophy. Since sodium inhibits calcium absorption, excess sodium can cause problems with bone development and osteoporosis. Other problems include dehydration, water retention, electrolyte imbalances, breathing difficulties, kidney stones, gastric ulcers, renal failure, certain cancers, duodenal ulcers and hormonal imbalances.

Which Type of Diet Should Someone Follow to Treat Fluid Retention?

The best thing to do is drink more water. When the body does not have enough water, this can lead to dehydration. Once dehydration begins, it signals the body to conserve and retain water. To deal with water retention, individuals actually have to drink more water. In addition to water, individuals must lower their sodium intake and make sure that they are absorbing enough nutrients. When the body does not have enough vitamins and minerals, it creates hormonal imbalances. For the all of the complex processes of the body to work, they must be supplied with the right vitamins and nutrients. Individuals should make sure to eat plenty of fiber and lower their fat intake. By having a balanced diet, individuals can cut down on the severity and duration of water retention.

Which Type of Foods Should Someone Cut Down on?

The first step is to cut down on added salt. It is extremely easy to spot the amount of spot that is poured out of a salt shaker or soy bottle. Unfortunately, many sodium sources are not so obvious. Restaurant foods notoriously have high amounts of sodium and fat. Limiting the amount of trips to a restaurant or the types of dishes can help lower someone’s sodium intake. Other sources include processed food, deli meats or fast food. Salty snacks like pretzels and peanuts should be avoided. As the body adjusts to a lower salt diet, drinking additional water will help to flush away any water retention problems.

What are The Ways to Cure This Problem?

To begin curing excess sodium, individuals should schedule a visit to their doctor. If they have only recently noticed higher sodium levels, than adjusting the diet can be an instant and easy solution. Individuals who have consumed too much sodium for an extended period of time should have their blood pressure checked. Severe hypertension may require medication or a new fitness program. For basic cases of water retention, herbal supplements, diuretics and water retention tablets can help.

The basic way to lower sodium levels is through diet. Individuals should try to consume plenty of vegetables, fruit, whole grains and fiber. Lean meat, nuts, fish and legumes can serve as vital sources of protein.


Contributor : Sandra Green ()

This Article Has Been Published on November 21, 2013 and Last Modified on August 11, 2018

Sandra Green writes for many blogs, which, considering where you are reading this, makes perfect sense. She is a freelancer and counselor with a keen interest in helping people lead a healthy and energetic lifestyle with the right information. You can follow her on Twitter.

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