Updated: 2018, Sep 6

Types of Sleep Problems: Insomnia, Sleep Apnea, RLS, Narcolepsy, Snoring, Parasomnias, Sleepwalking

By - Reviewed by CHD Team
Types of Sleep Problems

Many types of sleep problems, including but not limited to, insomnia, snoring and sleep apnea affects millions of American citizens on a nightly basis.

Somnipathy (medical term for a sleep disorder) can be serious, and can, affect the normal mental, emotional and physical functions of an individual. A common medical test used to identify a sleep disorder is called a “Polysomnography“.


Sleep Problems

When an individuals has trouble either falling asleep or staying asleep, this sleep disorder is known as “insomnia”

Insomnia has been Categorizes into Type Different Types:


This type of insomnia is not directly related to any pre-existing medical conditions.


Secondary insomnia is due to an outside force, such as a medical issue, such as asthma, cancer, heartburn, arthritis and depression. Also, certain medications, and of course chronic pain can be the culprit.

Insomnia is not age discriminate, but it is often seen in senior citizens. This sleep disorder can be temporary (up to three weeks) or chronic (three weeks and more). When a person is inflicted with long bouts of insomnia, chances of accidents involving vehicles are increases, as well as the raised risk of heart related diseases.

It is a known fact that some people that have a difficult time sleeping may turn to “sleeping pills“, which may be a temporary fix, but an overuse of these prescription or over the counter drugs could lead to dependency. Seeking natural ways to help get to sleep, and sleep longer may be a better option.

Sleep Apnea

Loud, consistent snoring is not only annoying to a bed partner, but it is also a common symptom of a serious sleep disorder referred to as “sleep apnea”. Sleep apnea is very dangerous, and if left untreated as the breathing basically stops for about 15 seconds a hundred times during sleep time fatally can occur.

Because of this a person, unknowingly, may be jolted out a deep sleep (the stage of sleep that is when most of restoration of the body systems occurs), and you spend much of the night in a “light” sleep state, which leaves a patient feeling tired and sluggish for the day ahead.

Sleep apnea is a treatable sleep problem, but untreated for a long period of time, this sleep disorder may lead to other serious medical condition such as diabetes, stroke and unreasonable weight gain.

When sleep apnea is properly treated, the symptoms (including better breathing) is under control, and you can once again enjoy a peaceful and restful nights’ sleep and wake up feeling alert , well rested and refreshed.

RLS (Restless Leg Syndrome)

This is a disorder mostly associated with the nervous system that causes ones legs to move involuntary when laying down. RLS is also categorized as a sleep disorder/problem because; it can severely affect the sleep patterns of many individuals.

Symptoms vary from length of time and duration of severity, but are usually more present during the evening (when a person is off their feet) than during their waking hours. But do to the fact, that a person with restless leg syndrome has many disrupted sleepless night, their quality of life during the day is impaired.


Narcolepsy affects 1 in 2,000 Americans as of date. Although this is categorized as a sleep problem/disorder, it begins with the brain. This disorder causes patients to suddenly fall asleep at any given time or situation. Their brain is unable to distinguish sleep stages and a “normal” sleep cycle.

Some narcolepsy patients experience “cataplexy”, which is a sudden loss of muscle tone in their face, neck and/or knees.

The cause of narcolepsy has yet to be identified, but a theory is that our immune system attacks healthy brain cells, and narcolepsy may be the result of these damaged/destroyed vital cells.


Snoring Disorder

Snoring is a sleep disorder, not something your bed mate intentionally does to annoy you. It is caused by airflow restriction, soft tissue at the back of the throat is closed, and air needs to force its way beyond, causing the soft tissue to vibrate (loudly).

Jaw muscles relax so much, that the tongue and lower jaw fall backward, thus narrowing the air passage.

Snoring becomes worse when an individual sleeps on their back, after consuming a few cocktails and when they are overweight.


Not including sleep apnea, parasomnias encompasses abnormalities, that happens to individuals when they sleep. Including, but not limited to: sleepwalking, sleep aggression, sleep sex and night terrors. Loud moaning and groaning is sometimes a symptom associated with parasomnia, which is not only disrupting to the sleep patterns of the individual experiencing this sleep disorder, but possibly also to other members in the household.

Parasomnia can occur at any stage of the sleep cycle.

About 10% of all Americans suffer from parasomnia, although they can occur at any age it is most commonly found in children, because their brain has not yet fully matured. The positive aspect of this disorder, affecting children is that there are usually residual negative health issues associated with parasomnia, and this disorder should diminish as the child ages.


Characteristics of a sleepwalker can include a “glassy” stare from the open eyes of a patient.

It is common for sleepwalkers to appear dazed, and their “walk” may be calm or it can resemble running, as if being chased.

You will be hard pressed to find a true sleepwalker like the ones portrayed in movies with their arms extended out in front of their bodies.

If a sleepwalker answers questions, they usually respond in a slow manner with very simple answers, if they answer at all.

It is not usual for a sleepwalker to return to bed, and not remember a thing upon waking at a regular scheduled time.

Children, between the ages of 4 and 12 years old are susceptible to sleepwalking, (about 15%) and 10% of individuals begin their sleepwalking patterns during their teen years.

Scientists and researchers have discovered a genetic link to sleepwalking, in so much as identical twins are more frequently engaged in this night time disorder.

Environmental factors seem to play a role in triggering sleepwalking, and they may include a high fever, excessive stress, a deficiency in magnesium, alcohol abuse and sleep deprivation.

Some prescription drugs may also induce sleepwalking, and they can include (but not be limited to) drugs used to treat psychosis, anti-anxiety medications, stimulants and drugs used to suppress allergic reactions (such as antihistamines).

For women, when their hormones are way out of sync, such as during menstruation, menopause and pregnancy, sleepwalking is a possibility.


If you or anyone you know have experienced any type of sleep problems, we suggest you seek the advice of a sleep specialist to have the disorder properly diagnosed and treated.

With the doctor’s recommendation, you can try top rated sleep supplements such as Somnapure to get deep & sound sleep.

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