Skin brighteners are designed to lighten the skin and remove* hyperpigmentation such as age spots, and scars from pricked pimples and acne. In the process of bleaching the skin, the quality of the skin is also improved*. Skin dullness and dryness can be polished to reveal a glowing, youthful-looking skin.
Hyperpigmentation is caused by the overproduction of melanin, which is the pigment responsible for giving the skin a dark color.
Skin brighteners can be homemade, commercially sold, and or available as treatments in spas and clinics of dermatologists. The type of skin brighteners appropriate for your skin depends on the severity and type of hyperpigmentation you have. Shallow and minor are spots and scars can be resolved with skin bleaching commercial products, but major acne marks, warts, and lesions are removed by taking a trip to a dermatologist’s clinic.
As with your question, diet and menstruation do not alter the process of skin lightening because skin brighteners are cosmetic products and not drugs. However, hormones have the capacity to alter the results of skin brighteners. Since you have mentioned that you are a premenopausal woman, this applies to you as well so read carefully.
Estrogen is a group of chemically similar hormones produced in the ovary. Although estrogen is a popular female hormone, a percentage can be found among males. Forms of estrogens in the body include estradiol (most abundant in grown up females), estrone (abundant during menopause), and estriol (abundant during pregnancy). When there is an elevated level of estrogen in the event of pregnancy, oral contraceptive therapy and menopause, the skin experiences hyperpigmentation as a consequence of hyperactive production of melanocytes, and this is exacerbated when exposed under the sun unprotected. The result is brown patches to the area where the sun hits the skin such as cheeks, forehead and chin, giving the skin a patchy appearance.
As mentioned, you are on a transitional period between fertility age and menopausal age. Your risk of increased hyperpigmentation reaches its peak when you finally reach the menopausal period. However, this does not exempt you from the brown patches. If you are taking estrogen supplements at the moment, expect the brown spots anytime soon.
Why do people take estrogen supplements? This is because estrogen is also held responsible for giving the skin its plumpness. Estrogen has the capacity to increase* the levels of hyaluronic acid, a glycosaminoglycan, which functions to maintain the structural integrity and fluid balance in the skin cells. Collagen production is also given a boost* in the presence of estrogen. With estrogen, your skin remains hydrated, plump and wrinkle-free.
Do estrogen has the same goal as the skin brighteners? They certainly do, except for the hyperpigmentation part. Using skin brighteners at a period where estrogen levels are high can intercept with its goal of a lightened, even skin tone. Skin brighteners work its magic* by erasing the evidence of hyperpigmentation while estrogen contradicts this movement by bringing more brown spots.
Is there something you can do? Yes, there is definitely you can do to avoid brown spots from resurfacing over and over again. You need to make sure your skin is protected by the sun’s UV rays. Hyperpigmentation is triggered when the skin, naked from sunscreen, is exposed under the harsh sun rays. Sun spots become even more pronounced when the sun exposure occurred at which the estrogen level in the body is at its peak.
There is nothing you can with the presence of the hormone estrogen in the body because it is inherent. However, there is something you can do with the sun exposure. Pick a skin brightener that is packed with sun protecting ingredients like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. They are the most active ingredients among sunblock lotions, and they are effective in creating a barrier between your skin and the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Apply sunscreen even when you are inside the comfort of your home or office because the UV rays can get through roofs. As a rule, make sure your skin is slathered with a sunblock with at least SPF 30 when you are outdoors. In times of prolonged sun exposure, triple the number of SPF and reapply if necessary.