Melanin is a pigmentation causing substance that is found in almost all animals. Only specific groups of animals such as spiders lack melanin. In humans, melanin is responsible for the pigmentation of the skin, hair and the eyes. Some different forms of melanin may also lead to the development of freckles and red hair. Melanogenesis is the process through which melanin is produced in the body of humans. Melanin is important in preventing damage of the skin and body by ultra violet radiation from the sun.
What Factors are Responsible for Moderate Secretion of Melanin?
The body produces melanin depending on various factors. These factors can be environmental, chemical or biological. For instance, genetics can play a role in melanin production and distribution. Some blemishes such as freckles caused by uneven melanin distribution and concentration can be passed down family lines. Environmental factors also play a role in melanin production. People who live in areas with strong sunlight for most of the year have more melanin in their skin than those who live in places with less sunlight. Individuals who spend most of their time outdoors will have a higher melanin concentration which is simply known as tan. Ultra violet rays from the sun trigger the production of melanin when they destroy skin cells. Overexposure to these rays can lead to an overproduction of the pigment.
How to Increase* Melanin Production in Your Body?
Paleness of the skin is a condition that results from the underproduction of melanin. The skin loses its pigmentation level and becomes pale. There are various ways in which this condition can be reversed. Below are ways on how to boost* melanin production.
- Spend some time outside in the sun. When you are in the sun, the body will be stimulated to produce melanin. Along with melanin, it will also produce vitamin D which is good for the immune system. Do not overexpose your skin to the sun especially in between 11am and 3pm when it is strongest. You should also were appropriate clothing and use sunscreen.
- Use a tanning bed if you live in an area with very little sunlight.
- Ginkgo Bilboa is another option to boost* melanin production. This herb is very effective in fighting vitiligo which is a condition where the body is unable to produce melanin. You should however consult a doctor before using it.
Other Factors That Causes Darkened Skin
- Sun Exposure – As mentioned above, the sun produces ultra violet rays which trigger the production of melanin in the body. When the level of melanin in the skin increases*, the skin tends to darken. In most cases, the darkening happens unevenly; only in those areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun. Sun exposure can be good but only in a limited manner. Overexposure can lead to skin damage and overproduction of melanin.
- Pollution – People who love in areas with high levels of pollution stand a high chance of developing darker skin pigmentation than those living in pollution free areas. Pollution may even go further to damage the skin leading to the development of various skin conditions.
- Lack of Sleep – Sleep deprivation can lead to a duller and darker skin. Furthermore, there will be an increase* in stress hormones which can lead to higher skin pigmentation. Sleep deprivation also leads to bad blood circulation meaning that skin cells do not get enough oxygen and nutrients.
- Unhealthy Diet – Bad dieting practices are major contributors to a dark skin color. When the diet is balanced and healthy, the skin gets nourished and does not darken.