Skin brightening has changed a lot in the past few years. Long ago, it used to be done using ineffective and considerable dangerous chemicals. With modern medical improvements and inventions, safer and more effective skin brightening techniques have been established. These techniques range from the use of home made products to medical procedures such as laser resurfacing or chemical peeling.
What you Should know about Skin Brightener Ingredients?
The most important thing to know about skin brightener ingredients are their ingredients. Certain ingredients are very dangerous and should be avoided while other ingredients are effective and safe. Some of the most harmful ingredients include mercury, arsenic and hydroquinone. Secondly, different skin brightener ingredients are only ideal for certain skin types. Knowing your skin type is necessary in choosing the best skin brightener.
Skin brighteners lighten the skin by removing* the top layer of the skin usually by exfoliation or by reducing* the concentration of melanin. This leaves the skin looking more even and lighter. Below are some of the best skin brightener ingredients.
This ingredient works by preventing the production of the enzyme tyrosinase. This a key enzyme used in melanin production. This effectively stops the formation of melanin. To prevent UV rays from triggering the production of melanin, Biowhite shields the skin. For exfoliation purposes, Biowhite has plant extracts which also aid in skin nourishment.
It is made up of seven organic plants of Swiss origin. Extracts from the plants are combined in appropriate ratios so as to maximize their lightening benefits. Just like biowhite, Gigawhite also prevents the production of tyrosinase.
- Hyaluronic Acid
The purpose of this ingredient is to maintain the youthful look of the skin and preventing aging and wrinkling. When the skin is young, it has a high content of Hyaluronic acid; this changes with age. Thus, over time the body losses its ability to retain water and remain turgid. This leads to the development of wrinkles. Hyluronic acid gives the skin the ability to once again retain water within it and remain turgid thus eliminating wrinkles and keeping the skin young.
- Grape Seed Extract
This is one of the most beneficial ingredients in skin brighteners. Benefits of grape seed extracts include;
- Promotion of cellular growth and repair.
- It is an antioxidant.
- A good source of vitamin D for the skin and the body in general.
- Lightens dark pigmentation brought about by exposure of the skin to the sun’s UV rays.
- Cures skin conditions such as melasma, sunspots and
Skin Lightening Ingredients to Avoid
Just as there are good and beneficial skin brightening ingredients, there are also those negative ones that carry with them dangerous health effects. These are the ingredients you should strive to avoid at all costs. They include;
For many years, hydroquinone had been considered to be a good skin lightening ingredient. Studies have however shown that it has several dangerous consequences. In particular, it has been known to cause various types of cancer including skin cancer, liver cancer and lung cancer. It may also bring about severe allergic reactions in certain users.
Products with alcohol should also be avoided. This is because they tend to aggravate the problem rather than solve it. Alcohol worsens hyperpigmentation of the skin instead of reducing* it.
Tretinoin causes skin lightness by increasing* the rate of cellular turn over. This reduces* the pigmentation already in the epidermis. The use of tretinoin has been has been associated with thinner and drier skin. It also causes itching, flaking and scaling of the skin. When such skin is exposed to UV rays from the sun, the results can be disastrous in terms of health.
Corticosteroids are usually used to cure* skin inflammations such as eczema, psoriasis and dermatitis. Prolonged use thins out the epidermis thus exposing it to the harmful effects of UV rays. It can also cause steroid rosacea, a health condition.
- Glycolic acid
Just like tretinoin, Glycolic acid exposes the skin to dangerous UV rays. Even though short term skin lightening benefits may be good, the long term consequences are dangerous to the health.
How to Select the Best Skin Brightener Based on Ingredients?
When you are choosing the skin brightener to use on your skin, the ingredients are the most important aspects you should consider. Look carefully at the list of ingredients and determine whether there is one that will harm you; either in the short term or long term. You should go for a combination of ingredients that is effective yet safe. The best ingredients are plant extracts which in addition to brightening the skin, they also nourish. Avoid products with any of the above ingredients. Finally, select ingredients which are ideal for your skin type.