Have you ever wondered if hormones have anything to do with the appearance of your skin? It is evident that hormones are involved in the development of skin conditions such as acne and breakouts. Due to hormonal changes at various stages of a woman’s life, certain changes can occur especially during adolescent, before menstruation, when pregnant or aftermenopause. The sex hormones are the ones responsible for such changes. However, the hormonal influence of skin appearance in men is more vibrant during puberty when acne strikes. Women, on the other hand, experience these changes throughout their lives as a result of hormonal fluctuation.
The differences you notice between male and female skin is attributed to the dominant hormone in each sex. Hormones refer to chemical messengers that trigger specific effects on certain cells in the body of an organism including humans. The endocrine gland produces hormones and transported through the bloodstream to all parts of the body. However, the effects of a particular hormone occur in cells that have specific receptors. The receptors recognize the existence of a hormone once it gets attached and relays the message to the nucleus that in turn regulates the production of proteins and enzymes.
Types of Hormones
There are three different types of hormones in the human body which affect the appearance of the skin. These include:
- Progesterone: This is a precursor hormone found in both males and females.
- Androgenic: This is a hormone that produces effects in males.
- Estrogenic: Its effects are female-like.
Hormonal imbalances in your body can be triggered by endocrine diseases and disorders. These can have a direct effect on the appearance of your skin. Each hormone has its effects on your skin.
This is the hormone that keeps your skin metabolically active. It also ups the rate of cell turnover in the basal layers of your skin. Other than regulating the size and activity of your sebaceous glands, which produces oil on your skin, it also keeps the secretion thin as well as less fatty. Perhaps you have wondered why women don’t grow beards. Estrogen, which is abundant in females, slows the rate of hair growth. In addition it influences the production of hyaluronic acid through the action of an enzyme called hyaluronidase. Although studies are still underway, estrogen hormone appears to control the activity of fibroblast, which also produces hyaluronic acid.
One of the chief components of the base compound in the dermis is hyaluronic acid that aids in moisture retention. It also equips the skin with the ability to avoid prevent stretching while keeping it firm and moist. These are some of the skin characteristics you will find in women.
Androgen stimulates the production of collagen. It is the main reason that men have coarser and firmer skin compared to women. Just like estrogen, androgen ups the rate of cell turnover in the basal layers of the epidermis. It also boosts* collagen production by stimulating fibroblast cells required for collagen synthesis. Unlike, estrogen, androgen promotes* hair growth. That’s why men have beards and more skin hair because they have higher levels of androgen hormones than women. Also, it increases* the size and activity of sebaceous glands, which in turn makes the pores larger.
Studies have shown that testosterone hormone found in men stimulates the production of collagen. That’s why you will find that majority of men have stronger skins compared to women.
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Skin Conditions Influenced By Hormones
Several skin conditions can occur due to hormonal imbalances. Acne is the most common undesired effects. Its severity varies from an odd spot to grade IV acne. Although the exact cause of acne remains a mystery, its prevalence at puberty is attributed to hormonal changes. It is suggested that people who are prone to acne have higher levels of androgen in their blood system. However, studies have shown that this mostly occur in men and has an influence of between 50% and 70% in women. Decline in estrogen and progesterone levels after menopause can promote acne and facial hair growth.
Premenstrual breakout is a skin condition experienced by women during the first half of their menstrual cycle. This occurs as a result of high levels of estrogen hormone that limits sebum production as well as makes it less fatty.
The dullness of skin is common in pregnant women while others form pimples. These conditions are thought to occur due to the abundance of progesterone hormone that interferes with effects of estrogen on the sebaceous glands. Typically, when your body has high levels of progesterone, estrogen levels decline. That’s why some women have a glowing skin during pregnancy while others don’t.
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It’s apparent that hormones have a lot to do with the appearance of your skin. This means that anything that upset their delicate balance can cause a direct impact on your skin. Luckily, there are treatments and lifestyle changes you can make always to have a radiant skin.