Probably you have heard about a condition called Herpes simplex before, mainly because this condition is commonly present among people. Maybe, unfortunately, you have even experienced this condition before. However, there is no need to be worried, because we are here to explain this condition to you and share some tips on how to prevent it.
Herpes Simplex, also known as HSV, is a common infection, caused by a Herpes simplex virus. There are two known types of HSV – HSV 1 and HSV 2. Herpes simplex can occur in three forms, depending on the area of the body that is affected.
- Oral Herpes – Most commonly caused by the HSV 1 type virus, that affects the mouth causing cold sores to occur near the mouth.
- Genital Herpes – Most commonly caused by the HSV 3 type virus that affects the genitals. Approximately, 200.000 people are diagnosed with genital herpes each year.
- Other Forms of Herpes Simplex – That usually affects the eyes, skin or other parts of the body.
What are the Symptoms of Herpes simplex?
Not all people experience symptoms right after the infection with this virus. The sores which appear are changing with time until they get the form of blisters in the area which is affected. There can be only one or multiple blisters in the area which is affected – e.g. near the mouth, genitals or rectum.
What Causes Herpes Simplex?
Herpes simplex spreads through the body after an infection with the Herpes simplex virus. The Herpes simplex virus is transmitted by a direct contact with an infected person. HSV 1 can be transmitted through oral secretions or sores present on the skin from a person infected with HSV e.g. during kissing, causing oral herpes to occur. HSV 2 can be transmitted during intercourse with an infected person with HSV. However, there are known cases where HSV 1 and HSV 2 have been transmitted although there were no sores present.
There are several known conditions which are considered to cause a presence of sores.
Are there any Complications of Herpes simplex?
Unfortunately, there are complications of the Herpes simplex virus. There are known cases where the Herpes simplex virus have caused eye infections, throat infections, Eczema herpeticum (a severe infection which can occur as a complication of an infection of people suffering from atopic dermatitis and Darier disease), Erythema multiforme (a condition where symmetrical plaques are present on different areas of the body, e.g. hands, legs, forearm, lower legs), temporary paralysis of the affected muscles, and persistent ulceration.
How is Herpes Simplex Diagnosed?
In most cases, Herpes simplex is a condition with typical symptoms that do not require any testing to diagnose the condition. However, if the doctor is not sure, he or she can decide to perform a test known as HSV test to confirm the presence of the HSV virus in the body. The HSV test consists of blood tests being performed in order to detect the presence of HSV virus. Other tests can also be performed – e.g. HSV antibody test, HSV DNA testing, culture, and PCR of a viral swab taken from fresh sores.
Is there a Treatment of Herpes simplex?
Unfortunately, there is still no cure* that the doctors know about in order to cure* Herpes simplex. However, the doctors can advise you to start performing a certain type of treatment in order to decrease* the symptoms of Herpes simplex.
- Medications – The pharmaceutical companies have created a few medications which can relieve the symptoms and decrease* the number of new outbreaks of blisters.
- Warm baths – Warm baths are known to relieve the pain that the presence of blisters causes.
- Numbing creams – There are several types of numbing creams which can also help relieve the pain which the presence of blisters causes.
What can you do in order to prevent new outbreaks of blisters caused by Herpes simplex?
Although there is no cure* for Herpes simplex, you can prevent its presence. This is very important because as you know, once you are infected with HSV, the outbreaks will continue through life, as no cure* has been invented yet. The main way to prevent an infection with HSV is to get informed about this condition. Avoid contact with people who have been infected with HSV. If you have already been diagnosed with HSV and you are looking for a way to prevent its outbreaks in the future, we have some tips that you can use.
- Protect* yourself from the sun – The sun is known to cause new outbreaks. That is the way it is very important to protect* yourself every time you get exposed. Wear light clothing and use sun screen with the high protective factor.
- Maintain a Good General Hygiene – A good hygiene will prevent future outbreaks and protect* you from any other infections.
- Ask your Doctor about the usage of Antiviral ddrugs – The doctor can prescribe antiviral drugs which although they cannot prevent future outbreaks, they can shorten the presence of the present outbreaks.
It is important to protect* the people around you. Avoid kissing and intercourse with people who are not infected with HSV. You and your partner should discuss any future sexual contact. A condom must be used every time during intercourse. Avoid using lip balms and sharing cups with other people.
Herpes simplex is a serious infection that has no known cure* for. That is the way it is important to get informed about this condition and the ways to prevent it. In case you have already been diagnosed with Herpes simplex, it is still important to find out the ways that you can use in the future to protect* yourself and the others around you. Herpes simplex is a condition that we must protect* ourselves from.