A man’s prostate health is important for his well being and vital for his longevity in life. Serious complications do and can arise which can result is a serious disease such as cancer.
One way of keeping track of a man’s prostate health is through a protein called Prostate-specific antigen also known as PSA for short. PSA is produced by the prostate cells in men and is found in sperm and blood.
High levels of PSA can help doctors detect early sign of prostate cancer and allow them to create the best treatment plan to avoid serious future complications. Advances in medical procedures have drastically improved detecting cancer growth in the prostate before it spreads.
To find out PSA levels, a simple blood test must be done to measure PSA levels. If the PSA test levels are high, that can be an indication of prostate cancer. This is highly beneficial as some men may not show signs of prostate cancer until it’s too late. PSA levels detect prostate cancer and are crucial for a man’s health well-being especially as he ages.
Other Reasons to have a PSA Test Done
Taking a PSA test can have huge benefits for the health of a man in relation to their prostate health. The test can be done to:
- To test men who have symptoms and signs of prostate cancer. It’s important to know the signs and symptoms and be aware of them to catch the possibility of the cancer spreading. This is the number one way that cancer can be detected. When things don’t feel right in the body or there is any sign of abnormal bleeding then it’s imperative to see a doctor as soon as possible.
- To confirm a cancer diagnosis when other tests have shown a prostate result for prostate cancer. This can be done through a variety of other medical procedures which will be discussed late on in the article.
- Predict an outcome of cancer of the prostate or if cancer has spread. This is ideal to start treatment such as chemo or surgery immediately.
- To test if prostate cancer has recurred in men with cancer already or if treatments are working or to suggest the best treatment options.
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What Is a High PSA Level?
A high level for PSA levels is approximately 3 ng/ml. This helps doctors get a better idea of the risks and what the best treatment options need to be looked at in more detail. As a man gets older, levels will naturally rise, however, PSA levels can go up for many different reasons.
What Causes PSA Levels to Rise?
There are many reasons why PSA levels may rise in a man. It may not always be related to prostate health. The following are the most possible reason for high levels of PSA:
- Urinary tract infections or inflammation of the prostrate.
- Enlarged prostate because of a benign prostatic hyperplasia.
- A past prostrate medical test.
- A recent bladder exam
- Studiesshow that living in warmer climates can increase PSA levels.
- Riding a bike or after recent prolonged bike rides.
At What Age Should a Man Take A PSA Test?
Men at least 50 years of age and older should consider taking the PSA test especially if the following applies to them:
- They are of African descendant.
- They are experiencing signs or symptoms of cancer.
- They have a history in their family of prostate cancer.
What Happens If a PSA is Too High?
If high PSA levels are detected, a doctor needs to help the individual find the best treatment options. With the doctor’s recommendation, they can create an ideal treatment plan which includes tests, procedures and follow up care for the individual.
If the individual does have high PSA results, then their doctor will perform another set of tests which may include another PSA test. He may also do a Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) test to confirm any positive prostate cancer results.
These results of the second tests are then compared to the first test to find any similarities. Sometimes a man can have false positive results, so it’s important to perform more testing as a precaution.
If the doctor finds that the second PSA test is high, then other procedures will be followed up by the doctor such as; a biopsy, an ultrasound, an x-ray, a urine test and a bladder exam.
Foods That Lower PSA Levels
It is important to find ways to lower PSA levels. The most important route is to change lifestyle and diet. When men age, factors like aging and family history are uncontrollable. However changing lifestyle is more attainable to control and can, therefore, decrease PSA levels drastically. Here are 3 foods that can help lower PSA levels:
1. Eat Less Meat and More Vegetables
When the prostate enlarges, it is usually due to hormones. Meat and dairy products can cause the body to produce more hormones which in turn affects the prostate in negative ways. It is important to a man’s prostate health, to stay focused on their health by reducing foods that contain large amounts of fats. This can help an individual lose weight which can, in turn, can decrease the potentiality of prostate cancer.
Eating more vegetables in the diet can help the body get the needed vitamins that it needs to stay healthy.
Cooked tomatoes can drastically help lower PSA levels. They can also lower the risk of prostate cancer in men. This is because cooked tomatoes release lycopene which is an antioxidant.
Studies show that eating anything with tomatoes in it like pasta sauce or even ketchup or by adding lycopene supplements into the diet, can lower the risk of prostate cancer and PSA levels by more than 60%.
3. Pomegranate Juice
Phytochemicals have been shown to fight prostate cancer cells from growing and even starting. It also can slow down the rate of PSA levels from rising.
4. Green Tea
Another great way to improve prostate health is by drinking green tea. Green tea has antioxidants which protect against cancers like prostate cancer. Studies show that drinking adequate amounts of green tea, at least two cups per day, can not only slow down and even stop cancer cells from growing but can drastically lower PSA levels in men.
Exercise is also a great way to decrease the risk of health risks to the prostate, as adequate exercise keeps the body at a healthy weight. Any form of aerobic or anaerobic exercise should be done at least 3 times per week for the best results.
Making healthy lifestyle changes is the best way to lower PSA levels. Cutting out high-fat foods and eating more vegetables is essential for a healthy prostate. It’s important to have a doctor on board if there are any signs of symptoms of prostate cancer or if prostate cancer runs in the family. It is also important to get checked periodically with a doctor when an individual turns 50 years of age. You would also like to check few good prostate supplements review.
Educating one’s self on the pros and cons of a PSA testing among other types of testing related to the prostate can keep one well educated and aware of any future prostate health concerns.