The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the penis and bladder. The gland is situated in front of a man’s rectum. The main purpose of the prostate is to secrete a fluid that nourishes and protects sperm. When a man ejaculates, the prostate stars squeezing fluid into the urethra and expels it with sperm as semen.
As men age, they are more prone to developing problems affecting prostate with cancer being the most severe. Is there any way to prevent this serious disease? The primary focus of this post is to discuss prostate cancer symptoms and prevention options for a healthier life.
How Common Is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is widely prevalent and according to the American Cancer Society, about 161,360 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the US in 2017 while 26,730 deaths will occur.
What’s more one in seven men will be diagnosed with this severe disease in his lifetime. About six in 10 cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed in men aged 65 or older.
The severity of the disease is best depicted by the fact that prostate cancer is the third leading cause of cancer in American men, right behind lung and colorectal cancer. Early diagnosis is important for successful treatment, but to get diagnosed patients need to see their doctor when they notice symptoms of prostate cancer, which only emphasizes the importance of getting educated about the problem.
On average, one in 39 men die of prostate cancer and at this point, there are more than 2.9 million men in the US who came out of this fight as winners.
What Causes Prostate Cancer?
Like in many other types of cancer, the exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown. Scientists explain that a combination of different factors plays a role rather than one single cause. Factors that are associated, and could potentially cause this disease, include:
- Family history i.e. you’re more likely to develop prostate cancer if someone in your family already had it
- Mutations in DNA or genetic material because they make the cells in prostate grow uncontrollably
- Advancing age
- Race also plays a role; some estimates show that Asian-American and Hispanic men have the lowest incidences of prostate cancer while African-American men are more prone to the disease than other races
- Other factors: smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, excessive consumption of calcium
Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer
The earliest stage of prostate cancer is usually asymptomatic, meaning it doesn’t induce some noticeable symptoms. In the later stages, a patient experiences different difficulties. The most common prostate cancer symptoms include:
- A weak or interrupted urine stream
- Blood in the urine
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Difficulty achieving or maintain an erection
- Difficulty starting and maintaining urination
- Difficulty to urinate while standing up
- Frequent urge to urinate, especially at night
- Leaking of urine when coughing or laughing
- Pain during ejaculation
- Painful urination
More advanced stages of prostate cancer may include:
- Swelling in the lower extremities
- Dull and deep pain or stiffness in pelvis and lower back
- Loss of appetite followed by weight loss
- Nausea and vomiting
- Weakness or paralysis of the lower limbs, usually with constipation
Remember these symptoms and see your doctor if you start experiencing them. Timely diagnosis is the best way for the prostate cancer treatment to work and beat the disease effectively.
How To Prevent Prostate Cancer?
Since the exact cause of this disease is unknown, there is no absolute prostate cancer prevention method. However, there are many things you can do to minimize your risk significantly. Here are some useful recommendations.
Maintain Weight In A Healthy Range
Being overweight or obese increases your risk of cardiovascular diseases and many other health conditions including prostate cancer. A growing body of evidence confirms that obese or overweight men are at a higher risk of developing this disease than men who are within a healthy weight range. Therefore, a great way to decrease prostate cancer risk is to maintain a healthy weight or try to slim down if you’re overweight/obese.
Eat More Tomatoes And Red Foods
Tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables contain a potent compound called lycopene which functions as an antioxidant. A study whose findings were published in the Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology discovered that consumption of lycopene is strongly associated with lower risk of prostate cancer.
Bear in mind that the redder the tomato, the more lycopene it contains. Also, cooking tomatoes make it easier for the body to absorb this antioxidant.
Have Some Coffee
Coffee has gotten a bad rep lately, it’s demonized even though a wide range of studies have confirmed its health effects. Of course, it all comes down to the type of coffee beans you consume and frequency of consumption. Evidence shows that drinking four to five cups of coffee every day has the tremendous prostate cancer prevention effect.
Reduce Intake Of Animal-based Fat
We tend to assume that all fat is bad, but the reality is that our body needs it to function properly. That being said, not all fat is created equal. Multiple studies have revealed that consumption of animal-based fat increases the risk of prostate cancer.
In addition to meat, animal-based fat is also present in cheese, butter, and lard. Whenever possible, strive to replace animal-based fats with plant-based alternatives. For instance, you can consume nuts and seeds instead of cheese, replace butter with olive oil, opt for fresh produce instead of prepackaged foods, or choose fruit instead of candies.
Smoking is bad for your lungs, cardiovascular health, dental health, skin, and your wallet. This unhealthy habit is detrimental to your overall health and wellbeing and now you have yet another reason to ditch it. You see, a growing body of evidence confirms that smoking is a major prostate cancer risk factor.
Not only does smoking increase your risk of getting prostate cancer, but it also heightens the likelihood of mortality. It is also important to mention that smokers tend to have an aggressive form of prostate cancer.
Fortunately, it’s never too late to change things around and you can do it by quitting smoking. Not only does smoking cessation reduce the risk of prostate cancer (and many other cancers and diseases), but it also improves the chances of survival in men who are already diagnosed with this disease.
In one study prostate cancer who quit smoking for more than 10 years had the same mortality risk as men who never smoked.
Other Things To Do
- Exercise regularly or strive to be more active
- Consume a low-fat diet
- Increase consumption of fruits and vegetables
- Drink green tea
- Reduce alcohol consumption
- Consume zinc-rich foods
- Get enough sleep
- Consume sufficient levels of vitamin D
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer affecting men in the US and other parts of the globe. The exact cause of the disease is unknown, but a combination of different factors plays a role.
Understanding prostate cancer symptoms and getting a timely diagnosis is the best way to get successful treatment. This article informed you how to improve the health of your prostate. Don’t wait, start making healthier choices today.
After reading all about prostate cancer. We suggest you look at Prostate Pro Review, which will definitely not treat the cancer type major diseases but will definitely reduce pain while urinating, will maintain the frequency of urination, etc. such minor prostate issues create major diseases hence better take care of the minor issues first so that it would not transform into any major disease.