Infertility in Men is Linked to Chronic Prostatitis: is it true?

Infertility in Men is Linked to Chronic Prostatitis
Editor's Note: This article has been recently updated with latest information and research studies.
 

The prostate gland is part of the reproductive system in the man, and it secretes the fluid in which sperms swim in, and prostatitis is inflammation of that gland. Chronic prostatitis is a complex condition that cannot be diagnosed or treated easily. Infertility in men can be linked to chronic prostatitis when the white blood cells are mixed with sperms, and this affects the quality and function of sperms.

Keep on reading and discover more useful information on prostatitis infertility. And, remember, chronic prostatitis infertility is a serious matter and you should definitely consult a physician about such problems.

Prostatitis

Prostatitis is a medical term that refers to the inflammation of the prostate gland. It is a vital part of the male reproductive system as it secretes a portion of the semen, and this is where sperms swim in as they are propelled in the urethra during ejaculation. The fluid that is contained in semen is produced by varied parts of the reproductive organs in males with 30-35% coming from the gland. There are many types of prostatitis with some that can be treated easily while some are complex. Bacterial prostatitis is caused by bacterial infection and it can be treated using antibiotics. Chronic prostatitis is a complex form of the disease, and it is not easily diagnosed or treated. Research has shown that there is a link between this type of prostatitis and infertility in men. However, not all types of prostatitis cause infertility. Studies have shown that approximately 9% of men who are eighteen years and above are diagnosed with this condition.

See AlsoDealing With Prostate Problems: Know Everything about It!

Types of prostatitis that may cause infertility are mentioned below:

  • Chronic Prostatitis Caused by Bacteria: This is where by the prostate gland is infected by a bacteria, and this takes place over a long period of time. It does not respond well to treatment with antibiotics although it is caused by bacteria.
  • Inflammatory Prostatitis that is Asymptomatic: This is where by the condition does not present with any symptoms. It is a major cause of infertility. It is usually diagnosed when the seminal fluid is taken for a fertility test, and it shows the presence of white blood cells.

These types of chronic prostatitis are closely associated to infertility because they cause the white blood cells to mix with sperms.

One type of chronic prostatitis that is not linked to infertility is a syndrome of chronic pain in the pelvis. This is the most common cause, but it is the least understood type of prostatitis. The patient will present with symptoms of prostatitis, but there is no evidence of the presence of bacteria.

The Effect of White Blood Cells on Fertility

Effect of White Blood Cells on Fertility

The white blood cells (WBCs) form part of the immune system that helps to prevent and fight an infection in the body. These cells are also called leukocytes, and when they are present in secretions of the prostate, they reduce* the quality and function of sperms. It is not clear why leukocytes impact the sperm in this way, but it has been associated with molecules, reactive species of oxygen that are produced by white blood cells. These molecules form part of the properties of disease-fighting in leukocytes. Studies have shown that 40% of semen samples of men who are infertile have an elevated reactive oxygen species.

The other possible cause of infertility can be the scar tissue that is formed when a patient suffers for a long time from bacterial prostatitis. The scar tissue can block the entry of the sperm into the seminal fluid, and this affects fertility. The exact mechanism of how it takes place cannot be explained but it is known that WBCs secrete substances that interfere with the motility of sperms.

Treatment of Infertility Who’s Underlying Cause Is Chronic Prostatitis

The infertility that is caused by chronic prostatitis is rare, but it is reversible according to Shoskes. Chronic prostatitis that is caused by bacteria can be treated using antibiotics, and this can reverse infertility and the inflammation. In cases where there is the presence of WBCs in the sperm without bacteria, it can be treated using antioxidants. Vitamin A, C, E and some antioxidants may help to protect the sperm cells from reactive species of oxygen. Antioxidants are found in varied foods that include nuts, grains, fruits, vegetables and it can also be taken as supplements.

See AlsoTreatments for Prostate

Bottom Line

Fertility is a process that depends on many factors, and it involves different parts of the body working together and properly. Male infertility makes up one-third of infertility cases. There are studies that are being done to show the link between fertility and chronic prostatitis.

Can prostatitis cause infertility in men?

Unfortunately, it is possible that prostatitis leads to infertility, especially when the condition becomes chronic. The prostate gland is responsible for the male fertility and its inflammation can affect this area. The good news is that it is possible to reverse this kind of infertility through the right methods of treatment. Contact your physician and inquire about such treatment approaches.

Must Watch – Chronic Prostatitis Treatment

Conclusion

Studies have shown that there is a type of chronic prostatitis that causes infertility in males. This has been linked to the types of chronic prostatitis that cause WBCs to be present in the semen therefore affecting the quality and function of sperms. The two types of chronic prostatitis that cause infertility are inflammatory prostatitis that is asymptomatic and chronic prostatitis caused by bacteria.

In conclusion, prostatitis infertility is a matter of great importance and one that can affect the overall quality of life. When it comes to chronic prostatitis infertility, the best thing you can do is contact a specialized physician and ask for his/her professional opinion, especially with regard to treatment approaches.

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Author

Expert Author : Lisiana Carter (Consumer Health Digest)

Lisiana Carter has been a freelance health writer for over ten years having written books, blogs and articles. She is the author of a number of websites and teaches people how to enter the freelance writing field.