For lots of women, second trimester of pregnancy is the best and easiest. As future mothers enter the second three months of their 9 months journey, morning sickness and fatigue start to diminish. Mothers feel more energized, relaxed and fresh. During the second trimester, the baby starts to grow faster, and between 18th and 22nd week, an ultrasound is performed to check the development of the baby. Even though mothers feel better, several changes still happen during the second trimester (from 13th to 27th week of pregnancy). Find out how the symptoms mothers experience during the second trimester of pregnancy.
The Nausea Subsides. For most of the mothers-to-be, nausea is history. However, others still have to deal with nausea. The good news is, nausea will stop after the fourth month.
Breathlessness. Lack of breath is still a major problem and concern for future mothers. The symptom starts early (during the first trimester), but it progresses along with the pregnancy. Mothers need more oxygen, and the body adjusts in order to support it. Progesterone, the hormone that stimulates the respiratory system will adapt to the new situation. Mothers now inhale and exhale a lot more air with each breath. As the uterus grows and puts pressure on the diaphragm, breathing will feel more labored. Mothers will get a relief few weeks before their due date.
Your Changing Shape. The body changes from head to toe. Basically, everything changes. Mothers start to eat more, and they gain more weight. It is recommended to increase the food intake for approximately 300 to 500 calories per day during the second trimester, but mothers should be aware what they eat (only nutritious and healthy). Quality is more important than quantity.
Emotional changes. Changes to the body will affect changes in emotions. As they gain weight, some women feel less attractive, while others feel more sexy and feminine. Several other questions bother future mothers, including questions about labor, delivery and motherhood. All those questions will affect mothers’ emotions and mood.
Bad dreams. During the second trimester, some weird, strange dreams start to emerge. These are all caused from the emotional stress, and worries about future motherhood. Some other types of dreams are also possible, like dream about animals. Mothers need not to worry, as dreams of baby-like animals are common during this period. And as bad as it sounds, but nightmares are also often. It is natural for pregnant mothers to feel vulnerable, and this vulnerability affects their sub consciousness.
Your Sex Drive. Not many future mothers feel increase in sex drive during the first trimester, but the second one, is a whole different story. As there is no more fatigue, morning sickness, and other exhausting symptoms, mothers feel more energized than ever. This reflects in their libido, as they start to like having sex more and more. Their genitals are also getting increased flow of blood, which also influences the sex drive. And since sex is more pleasant, and there are more orgasms, sexual craving is normal and logical.
Larger Breasts. The pain that was bothering mothers during the first trimester is now gone, and all is left is breasts growth. Breasts continue to grow during the second trimester, and mothers would be wise to purchase larger size bra (alternative: sports bra) during this period. Wearing elastic bra or sports bra provide better support for the breasts.
Growing Belly. Mothers belly rapidly starts to grow during the second trimester. The abdomen expands more in order to make room for the baby. Mothers can expect to gain between 1.4 and 1.8kg per month until delivery. For overweight or obese mothers, physicians recommend less.
Backache. Extra weight means extra problems during the second trimester. The weight is now pushing more pressure on the back of the mothers which causes soreness. It is recommended for mothers to use chairs that provide good back support, and to sleep on their side with a pillow between their legs. Invest in pregnancy pillows for a better night sleep. They come in different sizes and shapes and are conformed to every pregnant mother’s needs.
Braxton Hicks contractions. Second trimester is the time when mothers are starting to feel Braxton Hicks contractions. These are just a warm-up for the real thing, and they are a nice exercise for future mothers. They are sudden, there is no pattern, and they come and go. However, should they become painful and regular, mothers should contact their physician as it might be a sign of preterm labor.
Skin changes. Pregnant women glow. They are simply radiant, and everything is because of the hormonal level. Hormones make the skin shinny. There is an increase of melanin during second trimester, which can also lead to brown spots on the face (called pregnancy mask). All these changes disappear with delivery. One of the reasons why the skin is so glowing during pregnancy is also due to the increased blood circulation. Furthermore, the skin is more sensitive during this period, so mothers should apply sun protection cream.
Stretch Marks. Skin continues to stretch during the second trimester, causing more and more pink, red or purple marks on the abdomen, thighs, buttocks or breasts. Moisturizers and lotions with aloe vera help in diminishing the appearance of stretch marks.
Nasal and Gum Problems. Hormonal changes cause tissue membranes to swell leading to nausea and nose bleeding. To avoid encountering nasal and gum problems, follow these tips: avoid nose picking, make salt water nasal drops, use soft bristle toothbrush and postpone tooth extraction.
Dizziness. Dizziness will continue during the second trimester, as blood vessels persist to dilate and the blood pressure is going down. The only way to fight dizziness during pregnancy is drinking fluids (primarily water), lots of them.
Leg Cramps. Leg cramps emerge during second trimester, and they occur mostly at night. Mothers are recommended to stretch their calf muscles as much as possible during the day, and especially before going to bed. Hot shower, warm bath and massage help once the cramps hit.
Shortness of Breath. At this stage of pregnancy, shortness of breath is more manifested as an awareness of the need to breathe. More oxygen is needed, and the body adapts to the new situation.
Vaginal Discharge. Mothers will start noticing thin, white vaginal discharge during the second trimester. The purpose of the discharge is to protect the genitals from potentially harmful bacteria. Should the discharge becomes strong smelling, or takes on green and yellow color, mothers should contact their physician.
Bladder and Kidney Infections. During the second trimester, frequent urination is no longer a worry. However, kidney infections are now a threat as they might increase the risk of pregnancy complications. On the other hand, hormonal changes will slow the urine flow during second trimester. Should mothers experience pain when they urinate, they should contact their physician (as it may be an indication of urinary tract infection).