Menstruation and Pregnancy – All Questions Answered

 

Missing a period is the first signal of pregnancy. During menstruation, women discharge their eggs, and missing one usually is a sign of a fertilized ovum. Women who are pregnant cannot have menses for a period of 9 months.

Can You Have Regular Cycle and Be Pregnant?

No, this is not possible. Once the body produces pregnancy hormones in the form of HCG, periods stop. As simple as that. Women can experience bleeding and spotting, which looks similar to regular cycle, but it is not. Bleeding and spotting are common during pregnancy which is formally called implantation bleeding which occurs particularly from week 1 to week 12. However, it is essential to recognize the difference. Unlike heavy bleeding during period, pregnancy spotting is light, and it usually lasts just 2 days. Another key difference is the color. During pregnancy, women experience bleeding that is more brownish.

Bleeding during pregnancy can happen once the egg implants into the uterus. This occurs around the same time women should have had their cycle, and that is why most of them confuse it with regular period. Once ladies notice bleeding or spotting, they should consult their physician, since sometimes the symptom may be a sign for some greater problem. Bleeding during pregnancy can be the first sign of miscarriage. This bleeding is accompanied with severe cramps and pain in the lower tummy.

Causes of Menstruation During Pregnancy

During the first six months of pregnancy, some mothers may still be experiencing cycle, as a result of the fetus being too small. Bleeding at this point occurs actually in the uterine wall. And since the placenta is not formed yet (fully formed around 4th month of pregnancy), bleeding can still happen. However, once the placenta is fully formed, there is no way for mothers to menstruate.

Bleeding during first months is light, and as the pregnancy progress, bleeding diminishes. Sometimes, mothers even miscalculate their months, due to their bleeding happening during pregnancy. So, they think they are one month pregnant, when in essence, they are in second or third month of their nine month journey.

Symptoms of Pregnancy Followed by Heavy Period

More often than not, mother may experience symptoms that signal they are pregnant, but after that, they have abundant bleeding. Should this happen, contacting a healthcare provider is the first step, as it might be sign to a serious problem like infection, miscarriage or hormonal imbalance. There is no other way to be sure than to visit your gynecologist, and seek her advice.

Negative Test Followed by a Missed Period

In 99% of the situations, a negative test means you are not pregnant. However, sometimes, it might be that mothers took the test wrong or too early. Not all pregnancy tests are equal; they can be more and less sensitive to hCG (hormone that is linked to pregnancy). Sometimes, the body needs more time to produce sufficient amount of hCG in order for the test to show positive results. Should this happen, it is recommended to wait one more week, and then take the test again. For some women, results can be positive the first day of their missed cycle, while for the majority, this might not happen until week 3 or 4 into their pregnancy.

Pregnancy Before Period?

Ladies can get pregnant anytime before cycle. The menstruation cycle starts the first day of the period, and continues to the first day of the next one. However, they are most fertile at midpoint of the cycle. Usually, this is 2 (two) weeks before the period starts. However, due to the fact that no cycle is perfect, it is not easy to predict timing. Midpoint of the cycle is when ovulation starts, and women release eggs from their ovaries into the fallopian tubes. This is the period that the chances for getting pregnant are highest, as it has the best chances to encounter sperm cells that will fertilize the egg. Lowest chances for pregnancy are during menstruation, since this is the period when eggs are discharged from the body. However, the mere fact that getting pregnant can happen anytime, ladies should try to protect themselves as much as they can, provided they don’t want to get pregnant. It is worth noting that sperm cells can survive up to seven days in the body after an intercourse.

 
 
Author

Expert Author : Peony C Echavez (Consumer Health Digest)

Peony is a registered nurse, and former Director of Nursing services for a large nursing facility. She has written web content for a large health education website, and currently creates content for a number of health practisioners.