Frequent Urination: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatments

Written by - Reviewed by Consumer Health Digest Team

Published: Feb 3, 2015 | Last Updated: Feb 7, 2019

Frequent Urination

What Is Polyuria (Frequent Urination)?

Polyuria, otherwise known as frequent urination is when a person senses their bladder needs to be emptied of urine more often than usual. Not only is this annoying, but it may be a sign of something else going on in their body.

What Causes Frequent Urination?

  • In the average woman’s body, frequent urination can be caused by a number of things, such as an increase in fluid intake or a possible UTI (urinary tract infection).
  • Polyuria
  • However, in a woman who has conceived, it can be from a different cause. The hormone HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) can cause frequent urination. HCG increases the rate her blood circulates in her body. This increase causes the bladder to fill more often.
  • Another factor is the increase in the volume of blood circulating through their body. There can be an increase of 50% more blood circulating through their body by the third trimester. With the increase in blood volume, there is a corresponding increase in fluid being cleansed, causing the bladder to fill more often.
  • And, of course, as the uterus grows, there is more pressure on the bladder and less room for it to expand. This can also cause the urge to urinate more frequently.

Frequent Urination Symptoms

Some of the symptoms of frequent urination include

  • Fullness: The bladder feeling full of urine and needing to be emptied.
  • There can also be a slight burning sensation near the opening of the urinary tract, which can make a person feel as though they need to urinate even though their bladder doesn’t feel full.

Diagnosis and Testing

Diagnosis Frequent Urination

If you are pregnant and have frequent urination concerns, you may want to go to your doctor to get it checked out. Depending on the circumstances, they may have you give a urine sample so they can test for things like infection and gestational diabetes.

Treatment for Frequent Urination

The treatment for frequent urination depends on the cause of the symptoms. There are a couple different ways to treat frequent urination.

Self-Care at Home
If the cause for frequent urination stems from being pregnant, here are some ways to treat it at home:

Self-Care at Home
  • Avoid foods known to be diuretics (encourages urine production), such as caffeine found in coffee, chocolate and some teas. Alcohol also increases urine production. Most doctors recommend no alcoholic beverages during pregnancy, and very little caffeine.
  • Leaning forward while urinating will help empty the bladder completely.
  • Drink plenty of fluids during the day. Cutting back a few hours before bedtime may help reduce the need to urinate frequently while sleeping.

Medical Treatment

  • If the cause for frequent urination is due to an infection, the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic that will be safe for both the mother and baby.
  • If the cause is from muscle spasms of the bladder, the doctor may prescribe a medicine that reduces those spasms.

When Does Frequent Urination Signal A Potential Problem?

Frequent urination may be a sign that there is something else going on in the body. If there is pain or a feeling of burning when urinating, that could be a sign of a UTI. Another sign of a possible UTI is when there is only a scant amount of urine passed each time. If a UTI is not taken care of, it could lead to preterm labor, as well as kidney malfunction.

Will “Holding It” Cause Urinary Incontinence?

It is not recommended to hold urine too long, especially during the third trimester. Stress Urinary incontinence happens when the pelvic muscles cannot hold urine in and when stress is put on them such as: coughing, laughing, sneezing, jumping, and running.

Preventive Measures

Preventive Measures

In addition to what was mentioned earlier in this article, preventive measures of emptying the bladder at the first sign of feeling full will help lessen stress urinary incontinence. Another thing a woman can do to prevent urinary incontinence is Kegel exercises. Kegel exercises strengthen the pelvic floor and should be done at the onset of pregnancy and all the way through postpartum as well. Ideally, doing Kegel exercises every day as a lifestyle is very beneficial for everyone.

Call Your Health Care Provider If?

Health Care Provider

Again, be certain to call your doctor or midwife if you are concerned about frequent urination. If you are experiencing pain or burning sensation when urinating or experiencing frequent incontinence episodes, you should call them as well.

Final Words

Being pregnant, especially if it is the first time, comes with a multitude of questions and concerns about the incredible changes that happen in the body. Good doctors and midwives welcome those questions and concerns, so do not hesitate to go to consult them whenever necessary.

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