At 22nd week of pregnancy, babies can respond to sound and so, this is the best time for mothers to talk and sing to them. This article provides* an overview on the fetal development, maternal changes, signs and symptoms and some interesting facts about the 22nd week of pregnancy.
Did you know that feet of pregnant mothers grow in size permanently after giving birth?
Height of the baby: 10.94 inches
Weight of the baby: 15.17 ounces
What Happens to the Baby?
Compared to previous weeks, the baby’s face is becoming formed as the lips turned out to be more distinct. External eyes are already fully figured while irises still don’t have pigments at this point. Teeth are starting to show up below the gum line. The sense of touch has already been developed so, baby’s somersaults maybe its way of registering different sensations. However, as the baby grows, the womb becomes a lesser space, so baby’s movements are restricted.
What Happens to Your Body?
There are no significant changes in the outward appearance of mothers at 22nd week of pregnancy. Although, the belly is starting to pooching out yet they can still be concealed by loose clothes. On the other hand, pregnant mothers are already feeling better*, so the appetite is back. Random food cravings are common reports during 22nd week of pregnancy. Only eat fats and sweets sparingly since foods rich of these may add on to weight gain.
Perhaps, the most highlighted development in pregnant mothers at 22nd week is the production of colostrum. Colostrum is the first secreted milk from the mother’s breast tissues that is rich in proteins and antibodies.
Pregnancy Symptoms and Their Management
The following are some pregnancy signs and symptoms at 22nd week of pregnancy:
|Heartburn||* Avoid spicy, fatty foods
* Do not lie down immediately after meals
* Avoid wearing tight-fitting pants or clothes
|Feeling Hot||* Keep windows open
* Wear unrestricted, loose clothes
* Get a short-cut hair
* Maintain hydration
|Dry Skin||* Apply skin moisturizer daily
* Avoid warm baths for long periods
* Drink lots of water
|Leg Pain||* Buy stockings
* Do not stand for long periods
* Do not stand on one leg
* Elevate* legs by a pillow (above the heart)
|Frequent Urination||* Limit drinking of water in places where bathrooms are limited and distant.
* Avoid caffeinated drinks
* Empty bladder completely during urination
Additional Information: Do Pregnant Mothers Need Supplements?
Prenatal supplements are not mandatory, but they play an important role in organogenesis or the development of the organs of a baby which normally takes place during the first few months of pregnancy. There are many functions of prenatal supplements but the most vital supplement is the folic acid that has a major role in baby’s brain growth and development and prevention of neural tube defects (for example, spina bifida). There are other essential uses of prenatal supplements including the following:
- Vitamin C – Repairs body tissues
- Vitamin A – Needed for vision
- Vitamin E – For healthy skin
- Vitamin B2 – Blood cell production
- Omega 3 Fatty Acids – Benefits the heart
- Zinc – Boosts* immune system
- Calcium – Teeth and bone formation
- Phosphorus – Cellular functioning
- Iodine – Thyroid hormone production
To maximize the effect, the best time to take prenatal vitamins is 3 months prior to conception. Prenatal supplements are not only taken before and during the pregnancy period, but also even after the delivery of the baby up to 6 weeks. Prenatal supplements are safe to use and do not have harmful effects to babies except for constipation and nausea for mothers which can be managed by eating the right kind of food.