Common Penile Disorders: Every Man Must Know!

Written by - Reviewed by Consumer Health Digest Team

Published: Apr 16, 2014 | Last Updated: Mar 8, 2019

Common Penile Disorders

Male sexual disorders are not new, but most have not been seriously understood until the last few decades. Scientific research and clinical medicine, only recently has made male sexual health a priority. Yet for men with these disorders, finding proper treatment and diagnosis is very important. Penis disorders can cause great physical pain and affect the ability to sexually function, such sexual problems can also impact fertility. The following are a listing of the major penis disorders, as they are understood currently.

Erectile Dysfunction

ED or erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve or sustain an erection. The impact of erectile dysfunction in males has physiological and psychological effects, so the best treatments involve a holistic approach. ED is probably the most wide spread form of sexual disorder in males worldwide. In fact, erectile dysfunction is a problem that approximately 40% of males suffer from, occasionally or more often. Many kinds of treatments are thought to help with ED, including sex therapy, sensual massage and natural male enhancement products.

Priapism

This is a disorder causing a painful erection that does not go away. Priapism manifests as an erection that lasts for over 4 hours without sexually stimulating the penis. The disorder comes from blood that is trapped in the penis. Priapism must be treated immediately to avoid permanent scarring and erectile dysfunction for the individual. This disorder is usually treated with ice packs, but may require surgery in some cases.

Peyronie’s Disease

Peyronie’s disease refers to a condition where the penis appears to bend. The bending is more conspicuous in an erect penis. In some cases of Peyronie’s disease, the penis can not only be challenging to treat but also can cause excruciating pain. On average, about 1% of men suffer from this condition mostly in male populations aged between 45 and 60. However, the disease can also arise in children and the elderly. Since most men fail to report the disease unless in severe cases, the problem goes unreported in the vast majority.

Signs And Symptoms

Peyronie's Disease

The onset of Peyronie’s disease can be gradual or instant and severity differs with individuals. The most apparent symptom of the disease includes bending of the penis with some pain as it increasingly becomes disfigured. If the bending occurs at the top of the shaft, the penis curves upward. Some curvatures may happen at the lower side causing a downward bending. Though rarely, the bending can happen on both the lower and upper sides causing the penis size to reduce in length. In a number of men, this condition can lead to impotence or partial erections.

Causes Of Peyronie’s Disease

The exact cause of Peyronie’s disease is still unknown but there are a number of factors which can greatly contribute. These include:

  • Injuries: The condition can crop up following trauma or an injury to the penis. Your penis can get injured during a vigorous sexual activity which often results to tissue wearing and scarring. Some medical procedures such as catheterization to help in urine passage or cystoscopy during the removal of prostrate gland can also lead to penis injury.
  • Genetics: Health experts believe that there are genes responsible for causing Peyronie’s disease. The disease has been seen to run in families where some members suffers from systemic erythematosus; a connective tissue disorder.
  • Infection: This is common where an inflammation of the blood vessels results from a severe vasculitis.
  • Lack of Vitamin E: Some cases of Peyronie’s disease have been linked to inadequate amount of vitamin E in the body.
  • Diabetes: patients suffering from diabetes can suffer damage of the blood vessels in the penis leading to Peyronie’s disease.

Peyronie’s Disease Treatment

There are rare treatment approaches for patients suffering from Peyronie’s disease. Physicians’ ideally aims at pain reduction and the maintenance of sexual roles. Most of non-surgical treatment options have not been scientifically approved. Once your condition becomes apparent, non-surgical treatments start for the first six months. Improvements are attained if the medical intervention successfully stops the formation of the hard tissue. Treatment options include:

  • Recommendation of vitamin E and B complex supplements
  • Steroids treatments
  • Use of chemical agents which counter calcium buildup or use of elements that tears apart the connective tissues
  • Regulated radiation to lessen pain

Surgery For Peyronie’s Disease

In cases where Peyronies’s disease symptoms fail to disappear for between one or two years, surgery can be conducted. However, the surgical approach is only carried out in severe cases. The surgery aims to get rid of the hard deformed tissue and prevent bending. Penile implants can also be conducted following removal of the hard tissues to make the penis more rigid. After surgery, patients are prescribed some medicines to prevent erections so that the wound can recover more quickly. Complications following a Peyronie’s disease surgery include impotence, infection, damage to the urethra and surrounding tissues.

Balanitis

An inflammation of the head of the penis is known as balanitis. It is a disorder that primarily occurs among uncircumcised men and boys. Symptoms manifest as swelling, redness, itching, rashes, pain, and penile discharges. If inflammation occurs on both the penis head and foreskin, the disorder is called balanoposthitis.

Treatment for both of these conditions depends on the causal origin. With any serious balanitis infection, treatment will involve antibiotics and anti-fungal medications. Good genital hygiene is the best measure for prevention of further outbreaks of balanitis. In very severe cases, a circumcision maybe necessary.

Penile Cancer

This rare form of cancer, although highly curable when caught early, can also be very detrimental to the health of males. As with any cancer, having risk factors that contribute to cancer are medically problematic. The actual treatment of penile cancer depends greatly on what stage it is caught in, the location of the cancerous growth, the size of the tumors and if the cancer reoccurs. The best way to successfully treat penile cancer relies on early diagnosis, so that a biopsy of the cancerous growth can be obtained. The causes of penile cancer are not fully understood, so much information on this disorder is speculative.

In Conclusion

With any of these penis disorders, it is important to get a proper diagnosis, so an appropriate method of treatment can be utilized. As with any penis disorder, it is important not to ignore symptoms or try to treat the condition without proper advisory guidance. If the proper steps are taken, most of these conditions can be dealt with successfully, so that it does not impact a man’s sexuality permanently.

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