Peyronie’s disease refers to a condition where the penis appears to bend. The bending is more conspicuous in an erect penis. In some cases of Peyronie’s disease, the penis can not only be challenging to treat but also can cause excruciating pain. On average, about 1% of men suffer from this condition mostly in male populations aged between 45 and 60. However, the disease can also arise in children and the elderly. Since most men fail to report the disease unless in severe cases, the problem goes unreported in the vast majority.
Signs And Symptoms
The onset of Peyronie’s disease can be gradual or instant and severity differs with individuals. The most apparent symptom of the disease includes bending of the penis with some pain as it increasingly becomes disfigured. If the bending occurs at the top of the shaft, the penis curves upward. Some curvatures may happen at the lower side causing a downward bending. Though rarely, the bending can happen on both the lower and upper sides causing the penis size to reduce in length. In a number of men, this condition can lead to impotence or partial erections.
Causes Of Peyronie’s Disease
The exact cause of Peyronie’s disease is still unknown but there are a number of factors which can greatly contribute. These include:
- Injuries: The condition can crop up following trauma or an injury to the penis. Your penis can get injured during a vigorous sexual activity which often results to tissue wearing and scarring. Some medical procedures such as catheterization to help in urine passage or cystoscopy during the removal of prostrate gland can also lead to penis injury.
- Genetics: Health experts believe that there are genes responsible for causing Peyronie’s disease. The disease has been seen to run in families where some members suffers from systemic erythematosus; a connective tissue disorder.
- Infection: This is common where an inflammation of the blood vessels results from a severe vasculitis.
- Lack of Vitamin E: Some cases of Peyronie’s disease have been linked to inadequate amount of vitamin E in the body.
- Diabetes: patients suffering from diabetes can suffer damage of the blood vessels in the penis leading to Peyronie’s disease.
Peyronie’s Disease Treatment
There are rare treatment approaches for patients suffering from Peyronie’s disease. Physicians’ ideally aims at pain reduction and the maintenance of sexual roles. Most of non-surgical treatment options have not been scientifically approved. Once your condition becomes apparent, non-surgical treatments start for the first six months. Improvements are attained if the medical intervention successfully stops the formation of the hard tissue. Treatment options include:
- Recommendation of vitamin E and B complex supplements
- Steroids treatments
- Use of chemical agents which counter calcium buildup or use of elements that tears apart the connective tissues
- Regulated radiation to lessen pain
Surgery For Peyronie’s Disease
In cases where Peyronies’s disease symptoms fail to disappear for between one or two years, surgery can be conducted. However, the surgical approach is only carried out in severe cases. The surgery aims to get rid of the hard deformed tissue and prevent bending. Penile implants can also be conducted following removal of the hard tissues to make the penis more rigid. After surgery, patients are prescribed some medicines to prevent erections so that the wound can recover more quickly. Complications following a Peyronie’s disease surgery include impotence, infection, damage to the urethra and surrounding tissues.