Knee pain is a common problem that results from several causes that include complications of medical conditions and severe injuries. The pain can appear from a specific area or be experienced throughout the knee. Besides, the problem requires a thorough physical examination to diagnose, while the treatment depends on the underlying cause. Mild or moderate knee problem that results from sprain or arthritis can be easily treated at home.
However, it is advisable to be cautious in determining the severity of the problem before deciding on treating the pain at home. This is because the moderate or severe pain that results from injuries requires you to seek medical attention for knee pain relief. Besides, some knee pain might involve a complication that requires surgery or other medical solutions to handle. However, some medications are useful in treating knee that results from minor injuries, inflammation or arthritis.
What is Knee Pain?
This is a problem that affects many people and originates from any of the bony structures of the knee that include the kneecap or patella, knee joint (tibia, femur, fibula), or the cartilages or ligaments. The condition can be worsened by the movement of the surrounding muscles, exercise or triggered by other issues such as foot injury. Moreover, knee pain is a problem that can affect any person regardless of the age but can be relieved by using home remedies if it is not severe.
Types of Knee Pain
The types of knee pains are classified depending on the causes. These include acute injury, medical condition, and chronic use or overuse. Acute injury refers to knee pain that results from injuries like bone fractures, ligament damage, while medical condition pain includes those that result from infections like arthritis. On the other hand, chronic overuse comprises patellar syndromes, bursitis, osteoarthritis, and tendinitis.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Knee Pain
The knee is a very complex part of the body, and therefore the location of the knee pain may differ depending on the structure that has been affected. Besides, the area of the pain also depends on the cause of the problem. If the cause of knee pain is inflammation, the entire knee might get swollen and painful while a baker cysts lead to pain in the back of the knee.
On the other hand, a knee pain due to fracture of the bone or torn meniscus will cause pain in one specific area. To know whether you can rely on home remedies for knee joint pain relief, you should check the severity of the knee pain. The following are the other signs and symptoms of knee pain:
- Discomfort that causes you to limp
- Difficulty walking down or up stairs due damage of ligaments
- Finding it hard to walk due to knee instability
- Swelling and redness
- Being forced to shift weight to the opposite foot or knee
- Difficulty in bending the knee
- Finding it hard to extend the knee
What Medication to Take for Knee Joint Pain?
Many medications are used to offer knee pain relief, but this depends on the cause of the problem. For normal mild knee pain, analgesics or pain relievers are used, while other medications are used for a knee problem that results from the inflammatory form of arthritis. These are medications that help in managing effects of the disease in your knee and any other part of the body. However, the form of medication used depends on the form of arthritis that is affecting you. Some of the common types of arthritis medications used to relieve arthritis knee joint pain include:
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs)
These comprise different drugs that include some that are available without doctor’s description. The drugs are designed for knee pain relief and ease inflammation of results from injuries or arthritis. The NSAIDs are effective in treating all forms of arthritis.
These are the most common medications for many forms of arthritis. This is purely designed for knee joint pain relief, and therefore they can be used relieve pains from surgeries and injuries. Besides, they can also offer a safer alternative to those who suffer from allergies or stomach problems after taking other medications like the NSAIDs.
Disease-Modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or DMARDs
These drugs are developed to modify the course of autoimmune disease. The drugs are effective in managing different forms of arthritis that include lupus, psoriatic, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis arthritis.
Corticosteroids are fast-acting drugs that are to control inflammation, are similar to the cortisone hormone. Oral corticosteroids are prescribed to patients with knee inflammation that is caused by systemic inflammatory.
Biologic response modifiers
Biologic response modifiers represent the latest discovery of medications that are used to control rheumatoid arthritis as well as other inflammatory kinds of arthritis. Currently, there are eight drugs in this category with each of the blocking a given step in the process of inflammation without affecting the immune system. The drugs are effective in controlling rheumatoid arthritis, while other agents may be used to treat* ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, and juvenile arthritis.
What is the Best Medicine for Knee Joint Pain?
Several medications are used to relieving joint pain, depending on the cause. These include pain relievers and Gout medications. However, the best medicine for knee joint pain relief is any of the gout medications. Gout Medications helps in preventing future attacks of joint pain and inflammation by reducing* the levels of uric acid in the blood. Others assist in managing pain and inflammation of acute joint pain.
When Should People Seek Medical Attention for Knee Pain?
We have seen that mild and moderate knee problem can easily be treated through home remedies. However, it is essential to know when you need to contact your doctor to evaluate the problem. The following are the common signs and symptoms that indicate that the problem requires more than just home remedies:
- Unable to bend
- Severe pain
- Discomfort while walking or inability to walk
What are the Common Complications of Knee Pain?
In most cases, knee pain will come and clear off before you even find the real cause of the problem. However, depending on the cause of the pain, the problem can advance and lead to severe complications or injuries. The resulting complications might be long-term, which might lead to increasing* difficulty in walking or severe pain.
Overall, many medications and home remedies provide immediate knee pain relief. However, it is vital to ensure that you access the problem well to determine the severity of the condition to understand whether you need to seek medical attention. It is also advisable some of the risk factors that increase* the chances of suffering from knee pains. These include biomechanics, being overweight and overusing your joint in during specific exercises like jogging or skiing.
Biomechanics refers to a change in the movement of your joints through a change in walking style or any other change in joint action. Gaining excess weight put more on the knee joint, which could lead to knee pain due to cartilage wear out, a condition known as osteoarthritis.