Leg Pain: Common Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Leg Pain?

Leg pain is a disorder in which the patient experiences immense pain in the area between the pelvis and the heels. It can be acute, transitory, long-term or intermittent. Such pain may be slowly progressive. The pain can affect the whole leg, the knee or just a part of the leg.

Leg Pain: Common Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Generally, patients experience leg pain as a sharp, tingling, stabbing sensation of pain. Some cases of leg pain may be normal, without any serious cause for concern.

In some other cases, it can be the signal of a more serious disorder.

Signs and Symptoms of Leg Pain

Leg Pain

There is a wide range of symptoms that are associated with leg pain. Some of the most commonly observed symptoms of leg pain are muscle cramps, swelling of legs, and severe pain in the joints.

Patients may report sharp, aching pain or dull and heavy pain. Pain caused due to muscle or joint injury may lead to leg pain. Early signs and symptoms of leg pain should not be ignored. The symptoms arise due to the following reasons:

  • Inflammation of Muscles
  • Inflammation of Blood vessels
  • Inflammation of Ligaments

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Lower Leg Pain: Causes and Treatments

Generally lower leg pain is caused due to intense physical activity. There are other health conditions as well that cause leg pain. Some of the common causes of lower leg pain are as follows:

  • Strain in the Muscle or Muscle Fatigue: This cause results from a severe physical activity or severe injury causing muscle tear or rupture of the tendon. Straining the calf muscles also leads to leg pain.
  • Injuries Caused by Exercises: Shin splints cause intense leg pain in runners and people involved in sports. In this case, pain is felt along the tibia, and there is an increase in the leg muscle mass, cramping, and pain in the muscle.
  • Tendonitis: It means the inflammation of the area around the tendon. This pain increases with an increase in physical activity and an increase in inflammation. This kind of pain is generally caused in the ankle area.
  • Vein Problems: Vein problems cause leg pain, swelling in the leg, and brown colored discolorations near the ankle. Clogs in veins result in leg pain.
  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): Blood flow to the leg is reduced as the leg arteries begin to narrow. Such pain is caused while walking and it subsides when the patient takes rest.
  • Pregnancy: It can also be a cause of painful cramps in the leg. Due to an increase in the weight, the legs become sore and swollen.
  • Medical Conditions: Many medical conditions cause leg pain. Several autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis or multiple sclerosis are also causes of leg pain. A past fracture or sprain can also cause intense leg pain.

Treatment of leg pain involves medication that regulates the level of cholesterol, controls hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. The treatment also involves preventing blood clots and enhancing blood flow to the area below the pelvis.

Surgery and other invasive methods are also used to regulate the blood pressure and flow of blood to the legs. Non-invasive methods include the use of a pain relief product. The joint pain supplements provide essential nutrients to our body which could enhance joint health completely.


*All individuals are unique. Your results can and will vary.

Prevention and Prognosis of Leg Pain

Leg pain can be prevented by following certain precautions, which include lifestyle changes like:

  • Quitting smoking completely
  • Eating a healthy diet, rich in proteins, and calcium
  • Managing your weight
  • Walking and exercising regularly

The prognosis for leg pain depends on the underlying cause of the leg pain. The prognosis will vary according to the diseases or injury which results in leg pain. A lot of research is being carried out with regard to the methods of differentiating the symptoms of shin splints from lower leg pain.

Previously, many instances of leg pain have been left untreated due to the lack of proper diagnosis. Leg pain is not chronic unless it is ignored for a long period.

Expert’s Opinion

Experts suggest that people suffering from leg pain are more prone to cardiovascular diseases. In patients where PAD has caused the leg pain, the risk of heart attack or a stroke is very high.

Experts recommend that you take frequent walks to the lavatory during long flights. Sitting continuously for long hours can aggravate your leg pain due to clotting.

Clots do not necessarily occur in the heart, it can occur in any part of the body. This explains why arteries in the leg can become clogged, and lead to leg pain.

However, if the pain still persists, you might consider Instaflex Advanced which could help relieve leg pain instantly.

You May Also Like to Read: Rib Cage Pain: Common Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

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Evan Jensen, CPT

Evan Jensen is a renowned American Nutritionist, Diet Expert and health writer. He has a master’s degree in journalism, with more

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