Updated: 2019, Mar 20

Hand Pain: Common Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hand Pain: Common Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Hand Pain?

At some point in our life, all of us experience hand pain. It may occur due to various reasons, so treatment for hand pain varies as well. Pain in the wrist and fingers is a common complaint of the elderly, but it may occur in younger adults as well. Normally, the symptoms of hand pain can be treated using home remedies itself.

What are the Common Hand Problems?

Hand Pain

A common problem faced by adults are burning or stinging sensation in the hands. The hands may feel sore, numb, or stiff, which may cause a tingly sensation in the fingers. The hands may also swell in turn restricting movement, and the person may not be able to properly open and close the hand.

In certain cases, a discoloration may also appear and the hand may turn red, blue, or pale. Sometimes a painful bump may appear on the hand or wrist.

Hand pain commonly arises due to strain on the hands and wrist. A pressure on the median nerve of the wrist gives rise to carpal tunnel syndrome. This ailment is characterized by:

  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Pain in the Wrist
  • Pain in the fingers

De Quervain’s disease is a condition causing pain in the hand and wrist. Problems with hand pain frequently arise due to repetitive motion of the hands and wrists. They are observed in people who perform the same task over and over again. Most of these problems arise due to injury to the tendons.

What are the Signs and Symptoms Associated With Hand Pain?

The symptoms of hand pain may differ according to the underlying condition. Hand pain due to arthritis is characterized by pain in the base of the thumb. The middle joint of several fingers may also be affected.

De Quervain’s tendinitis is characterized by wrist pain on the side of the thumb. Sufferers may have difficulty forming a fist and grasping objects. They may also find it hard to turn their wrists.

Carpal tunnel syndrome is characterized by pain in the wrist and forearm. Generally, the pain is experienced in some fingers and the palm. There may also be numbness, weakness, and a tingling sensation.

If the pain is caused by fractures you may experience a general stiffness in the hand. There will be swelling and reduced movement of the affected hand. There are several types of fractures and they differ in terms of severity, they are:

  • Simple
  • Complex
  • Compound
  • Comminuted

What are the Common Causes of Hand Pain?

Hand pain may have many different causes. Pain in the tendons may be a symptom of tendinosis, which is characterized by a series of microtears in the tendons. People suffering from tendinosis report the following symptoms:

  • Pain
  • Loss of strength
  • Restricted movement of the affected area

Another common type of hand pain is known as writer’s cramps. This type of pain is caused by prolonged bouts of writing and typing. A similar type of hand pain is called repetitive motion syndrome which, as the name suggests, is caused by performing the same motions repeatedly, leading to damage and swelling of the tendons.

Several joint and bone problems cause hand pain. Dupuytren’s disease is characterized by the thickening of muscle tissue beneath the palm of the hand or beneath the soles of the feet. This condition can lead to reduced movement and patients are often unable to properly straighten their finger. Trigger finger occurs due to swelling tendons in the fingers. Ganglion cysts are small fluid-filled sacs that may appear as painful lumps on the hand or wrist.

What is the Treatment for Hand Pain?

A variety of treatment methods can be employed for hand pain. People suffering from De Quervain’s may experience some relief by wearing a splint that covers the wrist and thumb.

Anti-inflammatory medicines, or NSAIDs, are known to be effective. Some people experience relief from pain when they are given cortisone injections. If the pain still persist than you may also give a try to Relief Factor. Surgery is often the last option if all other treatment methods fail.

For carpal tunnel syndrome, the most common treatments include analgesic and anti-inflammatory medication. Splints are applied in order to give rest to the wrist. Some people respond well to physical therapy and experience pain relief through steroid injections.

Treatment for arthritis follows a similar regimen of anti-inflammatory medication, along with wrist splints, physical therapy, and application of heat.

For fractures, splints or casts may be needed. In case the fracture is severe, plates and wires may have to be inserted to properly set the bones. In complicated fractures, surgery may be necessary.

Expert’s Opinion

According to experts, the leading cause of hand pain is arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the commonly occurring type of arthritis. It is progressive in nature and causes a gradual wearing of the cartilage.

Despite the quick relief provided by analgesics and NSAIDs, doctors warn against taking these medications for a long period of time. Instead, they recommend long-term treatments such as physical therapy and complementary therapies. However, if you can go for a natural joint pain supplement if the pain still persists. Go ahead and have a look at Smarter Nutrition Curcumin review to narrow down your choices for the natural joint pain product.

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Evan Jensen, CPT

Evan Jensen is a renowned American Nutritionist, Diet Expert and health writer. He has a master’s degree in journalism, with more

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