Updated: 2019, Jul 25

Finger Pain: Common Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Finger Pain: Common Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Finger Pain?

Problems with the wrist, hand, or finger are quite common that many people might have faced. The symptoms may include tiredness, stiffness, numbness, pain, and burning sensation, among several more types of discomfort.

These symptoms could be pinned down to injuries, overuse, or aging.

What Symptoms Might Occur With Finger Pain?

Finger Pain

Some of the symptoms of finger pain are a weakness, pain, numbness, and tingling caused by pressure on the median nerve.

Pressure on the nerve can lead to carpal tunnel syndrome. When tendons suffer wear and tear, it can be painful. De Quervain Syndrome is a condition caused by inflamed tendon sheath of the wrist.

When a particular motion is repeated continuously swelling and pain may occur. It can also lead to writer’s cramp. Thickening of the skin on palms and soles may cause bent fingers known as Dupuytren’s disease. Trigger finger or thumb results from thickening of the flexor tendon.

Pain and tingling, especially in the left hand and fingers, could be a sign of a heart attack. Pain, tingling, or swelling may also indicate infection, gout, arthritis, or osteoarthritis. Some of these symptoms are also associated with pregnancy. Joint pain is caused by lupus, an autoimmune disease.

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What Causes Finger Pain?

The causes of finger pain can be many. However, some of the major causes include the following:

  • Injury
  • Problems with blood flow
  • nerve problems
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon
  • Osteoarthritis

All the causes can be broadly divided into Bone, muscle, or joint problems, overuse problems, and problems arising from medical conditions.

Injury can cause finger problems in several ways such as:

  • Fracture
  • Abrasion
  • Crash
  • Laceration
  • Stress injury
  • Sprain
  • Splinter
  • Degloving injury

Finger pain is also caused by infection, degeneration, and inflammation leading to wear and tear, cellulites, bursitis, infection, ganglion, paronychia, and septic as well as rheumatoid arthritis.

Finger pain can also originate from nerve-related causes such as cervical spondylosis, neck injury, herniated disc, and nerve compression of ulnar nerve. The other causes may include the following:

  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Alcoholism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Lead poisoning
  • Neuroma
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Deficiency of vitamin B-12
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Stroke
  • Injury of spinal cord
  • Neurological disorder leading to spinal cord inflammation

How Successful is the Treatment?

Since finger pain may have multiple causes, successful treatment depends on the identification of the exact cause of pain. Avoid activities that cause or worsen pain. If the pain is caused by an injury, resting the finger can help in healing.

Some form of mild stretching exercises can also help. Pain medicines should be avoided as they completely reduce the pain. Anti-inflammatory medication can be helpful.

However, if finger pain is a symptom of other conditions such as diabetes, nerve problems, rheumatoid arthritis, or others the physician may prescribe a series of tests including x-ray.

In case the cause of finger pain is determined to have been due to degeneration, neuropathy, or problems in tendons the symptoms can be relieved with proper medication but the underlying causes cannot be healed completely. However, they can be managed to relieve or minimize pain or suffering.

What Happens if it is Left Untreated?

Since finger pain or a tingling sensation in the finger could be a symptom of something more serious, it should not be left untreated. If it is a small injury, even home treatment will work. However, if home remedy or first aid treatment doesn’t work, the problem could be more serious.

In the case of finger numbness, tingling, or pain doesn’t subside, it is recommended to consult a physician, who may possibly recommend several tests to identify the cause of the problem.

Just in case the tests determine conditions like diabetes or heart problem, it should be treated soon because it could lead to severe consequences if it is left untreated.

If the cause of finger pain, numbness, or tingling is the carpel tunnel syndrome, it means it is caused by the pressure on the media nerve. If left untreated, the problem could become worse. So, finger pain must be properly treated.

Expert’s Opinion

According to MedlinePlus, a U.S government health information agency, nearly every person experiences finger pain sometime or the other.

It may have several causes. However, tingling or numbness is caused by either obstructed blood flow or nerve problems. The treatment may depend on the identified cause of the pain.

There are few joint pain relief pills available in the market. As per the Omega XL Reviews it can be a hope for people suffering with joint pain.

Author
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Evan Jensen, CPT

Evan Jensen is a renowned American Nutritionist, Diet Expert and health writer. He has a master’s degree in journalism, with more

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