Updated: 2021, May 12

Common Types of Arthritis: Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis & More

Arthritis is a disease related to joint inflammation caused by an injury or disease which comes with pain, stiffness with swelling, arthritis has different types each with it's own symptoms.

What are Common Types of Arthritis?

Arthritis is a common disease related to joint inflammation. Such inflammations are generally caused due to any injury or disease. They result in swelling accompanied by pain and stiffness.

Common Types of Arthritis: Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis & More

In the case of arthritis, the inflammation lasts for a long time and is recurrent in nature. Arthritis is joint inflammation that causes tissue damage over a prolonged period.

A joint is an area where two or more bones are interconnected. These areas are supported by ligaments, cartilage, and synovial fluid that protect and support the joints.

In arthritis, the areas surrounding the joints become inflamed, causing pain and difficulty in movement.

There are two major types of arthritis – osteoarthritis and inflammatory arthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused due to wear and tear of the cartilage while inflammatory arthritis is a condition where the body’s immune system stops functioning.


It is the most commonly occurring type of arthritis. It is the condition where the cartilage covering the joints wears off.

The cartilage may also degenerate or break down due to overuse or aging. This increases the friction between the bones, which results in pain with or without swelling.

Osteoarthritis generally occurs in the hand joints, hip joints, knee joints, and facet joints. It normally occurs in the joints that bear the weight of your body.

Read Also: Can Running Cause Osteoarthritis?

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*All individuals are unique. Your results can and will vary.

Inflammatory Arthritis

It is a condition when your immune system functions against your own body instead of fighting against viruses, germs, and other foreign particles.

Your immune system attacks the cells and tissues of your own body and weakens your body to a great extent. This disease can occur at any age and it can affect your entire body.

Inflammatory arthritis is different from osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition where the cartilage covering the joint wears out. The truth is that not much cure is available for inflammatory arthritis.

Although health experts are trying to find out drugs that are curative and not just preventive in nature.

There are three common forms of inflammatory arthritis, namely-

Rheumatoid Arthritis

It is a long-term disease that generally occurs in the joints of wrists, hands, and knees. With the exception of lower back joints, it can occur in any part of the body.

The immune system attacks the body cells and it causes the linings of the joints to swell.

Eventually, it damages the cartilage and then the bone itself. Doctors have reported that this arthritis also affects other body parts like the nerves, skin, eyes, and lungs.

In this case, inflammation can also cause weight loss and reduced appetite.

Psoriatic Arthritis

It is a kind of disease in which the patient suffers from the inflammation of the skin as well as the joints. It is a condition associated with or triggered by psoriasis.

It is a chronic disorder characterized by patches of red and white skin inflammation accompanied by scaling. It generally affects the scalp, the navel, or the areas around the genitalia.


*All individuals are unique. Your results can and will vary.

Typically, it occurs at the elbow tips and the knees.

Psoriatic arthritis causes the following:

  • Swelling of toes
  • Swelling of fingers
  • Swelling of the spine.
  • Swelling of the knee joints.
  • Discoloration of the nails

Experts comment that in 80 percent of the cases, the condition of psoriatic arthritis is preceded by psoriasis. It usually strikes at the age of 30 to 50.

Can I Treat Psoriatic Arthritis With Cold Laser Therapy?

Cold laser therapy is considered a treatment option for patients with psoriatic arthritis.

It stimulates the healing and repair process of your psoriasis and also targets your nerves, cartilage, and muscles. Here are some of its fascinating results-

  • Lesser pain
  • Inflammation is reduced
  • Edema decreases
  • Healing time becomes faster
  • Repaired tissues become stronger

But, how does cold therapy help patients with psoriatic arthritis? To begin with, read what this condition is all about.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Can I Treat Psoriatic Arthritis With Cold Laser Therapy?
Image Source – arthritisresearchuk.org


Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic condition where a person suffers from psoriasis and joint inflammation. Psoriasis is a skin disease that commonly affects the tips of some areas in your body like-

  • Anus
  • Ears
  • Elbows
  • Genital areas
  • Knees
  • Navel
  • Scalp

Skin Symptoms

  • Patchy
  • Raised
  • Red
  • Scaling
  • Skin inflammation

At least 10% of patients with psoriasis also develop psoriatic arthritis.

Oftentimes, arthritis comes years after the patient is diagnosed with psoriasis. Psoriatic arthritis may also cause spondyloarthropathies or the swelling of the spine.

If you have psoriatic arthritis, you are also prone to inflammation of the following body parts-

  • Aorta
  • Cartilage
  • Eyes
  • Lung lining
  • Tendons

Since psoriatic arthritis is classified as a systemic rheumatic disorder, it can cause inflammation in body tissues like-

  • Eyes
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Lungs

It also manifests symptoms similar to other types of arthritic conditions, for example-

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Arthritis associated with ulcerative colitis
  • Arthritis linked with Crohn’s disease
  • Reactive arthritis

Cold Laser

Cold Laser
Image Source: dral4health.com

The cold laser therapy is a treatment option approved by the FDA last February 2002 to manage and treat Carpal Tunnel syndrome. It is completely non-invasive.

Cold laser treatment is performed by doctors and technicians using light and photon energy to stimulate your cell’s metabolism.


*All individuals are unique. Your results can and will vary.

It has been proven to be an effective remedy for conditions involving pain and inflammation of soft tissues and joints. Examples include-

  • Arthritis
  • Back pain
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Sport injuries

If you are looking alternative to cold laser, then you may consider Velatrin to get instant relief from back pain.

Therapeutic Effects Cold Laser Treatment

Cold laser can penetrate deeper skin surface (almost 2 inches deep) without causing damage to the tissues and surrounding skin.

These lasers bring focused doses of ultraviolet light to affected areas of your skin to reach its deeper parts.

Cold laser treatment is safe to use because it does not generate scorch or heat. It also uses a precise healing technique with no known side effects.

You don’t have to worry about skin reactions because it works on any skin type. Cold laser treatment also gives the following advantages-

  • It aids in healing the wounds fast.
  • It helps in the development of your muscle tissue and collagen.
  • It helps produce new and healthy tissues and cells.
  • It increases repair of cell tissues.
  • It protects your skin from free radicals thereby slowing the aging process of your cells and tissues. It also prevents the development of degenerative diseases or conditions that are associated with aging, like-
    • Alzheimer’s disease
    • Arthritis
    • Atherosclerosis
    • Cancer
    • Diabetes
  • It strengthens the immune system of your skin. Your body’s protection against harmful microorganism starts at the surface of your skin. Your sebaceous glands excrete special fatty acids that stop the growth of bacteria and fungi. Sweat also contains enzymes that destroy bacteria. Additionally, there are cells in your skin that fight foreign bodies.
  • It improves the redness of your blood vessels.
  • It maintains the health of your skin.

Cold Laser and Arthritis Pain

Cold Laser and Arthritis Pain
Image Source: naturecoastchiropractic.net

Cold laser treatment offers immediate relief to morning stiffness and arthritis pain. When the correct dosage of light penetrates your skin, it begins a biochemical reaction that prompts your dysfunctional cells and tissues to work properly. As a result, your body begins to heal itself.

Instead of just controlling the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis, cold laser therapy targets the source of your pain.

In essence, the cold laser stimulates your injured cells or tissues thereby increasing its metabolism. Consequently, the injured area targeted by the laser will have a greater immune response, and faster repair or healing time.

Side Effects

The FDA proves the safety of cold laser therapy but issues a warning that it cannot be used directly in a person’s eye.

There are no reports of discomfort and side effects after patients undergo cold laser therapy.

However, doctors require their patients to use protective eyewear to protect the eyes from bright light.

What to Bring on Your First Cold Laser Treatment?

Doctors may require you to bring your medical records including-

  • Lab work
  • Scans
  • Test results
  • X-rays
  • Other information applicable to your health condition.


Be sure that you are receiving treatment from a top quality cold laser therapy system that follows well-researched and FDA-approved protocol. Check if the technicians are certified and trained cold laser therapists to ensure quality and safe service.

However, there is a good alternative available in the form of best joint pain supplements. If you don’t want to go through therapies supplements can also be a good choice.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

It is arthritis caused in the spine. It is characterized by swelling in the joints between the vertebrae of your spinal cord and in the joints connecting the pelvis and the spine.

It is also a chronic immune disease. It generally strikes men and is sometimes passed hereditarily. The symptoms can be:

  • Intense pain in the back
  • Stiffness
  • Impaired movement

This kind of arthritis has no cure so far but there are medicines that can control the pain and swelling.

Health experts recommend many exercises for this condition of arthritis. However, if the pain becomes too intolerable, you can use a joint pain relief product such as Heal N Soothe for instant pain relief.

Infectious Arthritis

This type of arthritis results from infection in the joints. It can be caused by a viral, or fungal infection.

Along with the normal symptoms of arthritis, it also causes fever and chills.

Septic Arthritis

It is the condition of infection in the joints. Septic arthritis also occurs due to various infectious microorganisms transmitted to different body parts through the bloodstream.

The joint may also be infected directly during a surgery or an injury. It usually affects the knee and hip joints.


It is a painful disease in which the body is unable to eliminate uric acid. This uric acid is a naturally occurring substance in the body.

Excess uric acid accumulates in the joints as crystals forming a needle shape. It causes intense pain and swelling in the joints. Gout mostly occurs in the wrists, knee, and big toe joints.

Reactive Arthritis

It is a condition affecting the joints, the urethra, and the eyes. These areas swell and become inflamed due to any kind of infection.

While the cause of this type of arthritis is unknown, chlamydia or salmonella infections generally result in reactive arthritis. It usually affects men approaching 40.

The common symptoms involve burning sensation while urinating, leakage or discharge from the urethra, and frequent urination. In some cases, fever and discharge from the eyes can also be seen.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

It is a condition that occurs in children aged 16 years of age or below. It can affect any joint and result in swelling, stiffness, and intense pain. It can even affect internal organs like the lungs and the heart.

A prominent sign of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is limping. Other symptoms might come and go.

Scientists have termed it as an autoimmune disorder that might cause growth disorders in the affected children. However, you may go through the Instaflex Review which may help you to avert from joint pain.

Read Also – Arthritis Awareness Month

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Evan Jensen, CPT

Evan Jensen is a renowned American Nutritionist, Diet Expert and health writer. He specializes in writing about health, fitness, nutrit

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