Updated: 2019, Jul 29

Ankle Pain: Common Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

By - Reviewed by CHD Team

Ankle Pain and Tendinitis Facts

The ankle, a hinged joint in the feet, is a significant part that helps us to move and walk around. Suffering from ankle pain is likely to slow your speed down substantially and, in more serious circumstances, prevent you from walking at all. Because of the location of the ankle, practically all your body weight is going to be placed on this joint when you are standing.

Tendinitis is a condition that is caused due to inflammation of the tendon. It causes swelling and pain in the tendon area. Tendinitis in the ankle includes the posterior tibial tendon, Achilles tendon, or peroneal tendon.

How is the Ankle Designed, and What is the Ankle’s Function?

Ankle Pain

The ankle is located at the joint between your leg and your foot. The construction of the ankle is a complex set of ligaments, bones, and muscle tissue that help you move your foot in many directions. The ankle joint is primarily in charge of allowing the foot to move up and down, while the subtalar joint, which sits just below the ankle, is responsible for any side-to-side movement of the foot. Both these joints work together to allow the foot to move in circles.

Considering the amount of weight that the ankle has to bear, there are also ligaments on each side of it to provide stability by knitting the outside of the ankle to the inner areas of the ankle and lateral collateral ligaments. There are also another set of tendons that connect the large muscles of the leg to foot from both, the front and back.

What is Ankle Pain?

Because of the significant stress and weight that the ankle joint has to bear every time any physical movement is performed, it is one of the most likely areas of the body to be injured. Sports injuries in this area are a very common sight and an individual can sustain the regular aches and sprains simply by performing day-to-day activities.

In more serious cases, ankle pain will require some immediate medical attention. If you notice swelling, bruising, or lacerations around the ankle, visit a doctor as soon as possible to minimize any infection that may develop as well as to keep the swelling and pain under control. It is also important to remember that ankle pain can easily be a symptom of some other medical condition. Ankle pain is a symptom of the following ailments:

  • Underlying infections
  • Autoimmune disorder
  • Arthritis

What Injuries Cause Ankle Pain?

The most common cause of ankle pain is trauma to the joint as a result of twisting the ankle or sport injuries causing ankle sprain and strains. Structural damage or defects will also cause ankle pain. They may also cause the following ailments:

  • Fractures
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Achilles tendonitis ruptures
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Nevertheless, these symptoms can be easily prevented by using a joint pain supplement such as Omega XL. This supplement might alleviate your ankle pain thus boosting overall joint health.

What diseases and conditions cause ankle pain and how are they treated?

Some underlying conditions that also develop ankle pain as a symptom include:

If the condition is a result of a sprain or small amount of trauma, giving few days of rest to the joint will allow swelling to reduce and to the ankle will regain its strength. Given that the ankle plays a huge role in the way we balance ourselves, it is important to undergo physiotherapy to develop the strength of the joint once it has been severely weakened.

Other underlying conditions causing ankle pain will need to be treated on an individual basis. Like most other injuries that affect joints in the human body, you can always gauge the seriousness of the problem by the amount of pain and discomfort that you experience.

What Treatments are Effective for Ankle Pain and Tendinitis?

Ankle pain is a common condition, so there are a number of treatments that are considered to be quite effective in its recuperation. Resting the joint is essential to heal ankle pain while the use of crutches or canes will help take away all the excess weight and stress that is put on the ankle during regular movement. Whenever you sleep, keep some pillows under your leg in order to raise the level of your ankle above the level of your heart. Doing this every 15 to 20 minutes for the first day and every 3 to 4 hours for the next couple of days will help soothe the area and prevent swelling.

If the pain is significant even when you are not standing or moving around, or if the pain has lasted for a few days without reducing, visit a doctor as soon as possible. He will identify if there are any underlying conditions that are affecting the treatment of the ankle joint. Taking joint pain supplement like Vital 3 may also help to combat this issue.

How To Get Relief from Ankle and Feet Swelling?

Older people usually complain of painless swelling of the feet and ankle. It may also affect the thighs, calves and both legs. Sometimes, there is an edema or an abnormal fluid buildup. Gravity makes it even worst because swelling becomes particularly noticeable in the lower extremities.

Swelling of the feet and ankle may be caused by the following conditions:

  • Blood clot in your leg
  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disorder
  • Leg infection
  • Liver problems
  • Long airplane flights
  • Long car rides
  • Irregular Menstruation
  • Obesity
  • Old age
  • Poor blood circulation on your veins in the legs
  • Post- pelvic surgery
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Standing for hours
  • Taking medications that may cause legs swelling
  • Antidepressants
  • Blood pressure drugs
  • Hormones
    • estrogen (hormone replacement/ birth control)
    • testosterone
    • Steroids

Remedies

Remedies to ankle/feet swelling depend on its cause. Whether it is painless or painful, swelling in the lower part of your body can be uncomfortable, and it may affect your mobility.

Walking may also slow down the healing process of your feet/ankle, and continuous pressure may aggravate your condition. It is important to reduce or totally eliminate swelling for you to feel better and get back on your feet in no time.

Must Catch Cartilage and Joint Health Support Supplement: Turmeric Plus Review

Read some handy tips below to treat your ankle/feet swelling at home.

For Swelling Due to Injury

Use the R.I.C.E method. It is one of the most effective, yet simplest treatments for swelling of the foot and ankle. Following this method can reduce ankle pain, swelling and its long-term complications.

How To Get Relief from Ankle and Feet Swelling?
  • Rest. If your foot or ankle is swollen, give it a rest. As much as possible, avoid walking. Or, you can lessen pressure on the affected area. You can use a wheelchair, crutches or cane to transfer the pressure on your hands when walking or moving from a place to another.
  • Ice. Place a cold pack in your ankle or foot. You can use a bag of frozen peas or vegetables. Or you can get a baggie and fill it with some ice cubes. Shape these baggies to surround your swollen extremities soon after your injury occurs. You can also put it on to lessen the pain. Leave it for 10 to 15 minutes. Repeat it every few hours.
  • Compress. Wrap the injured area. Make sure that the bandage of wrap is snug on your injured ankle or foot to reduce swelling. Be sure to wrap it well so that you don’t cut off the blood circulation.
  • Elevate. You can lie on your bed/couch. Elevate your affected leg slightly above your heart. This tactic will effectively reduce the swelling.

Swelling Due to Other Causes

Soothe your injured ankle/feet with equal parts of water vinegar. First, heat the mixture in the oven. Next, soak it in a towel. Then, wrap it around your affected ankle/feet for five minutes or so.

Cucumber: Slice cucumbers and place it with a bandage on the affected foot/ankle to suck up excess fluids and decrease swelling.

Vitamin E: Eat plenty of foods that have vitamin E to lessen swelling. Examples:

  • Almond oil
  • Broccoli
  • Nuts
  • Rainbow trout
  • Shrimp
  • Spinach
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Tofu

Drink plenty of water: It will send a signal to your kidney to flush out extra fluids from your body. Drinking water eliminates extra sodium which is also one of the causes of edema (swelling).

How To Get Relief from Ankle and Feet Swelling?

Avoid hurting your feet/ankles by doing the following:

  • Be careful when walking on uneven/unsteady surfaces
  • Don’t wear high-heeled shoes when you have swollen ankles/feet
  • Improve your leg stability by doing balancing exercises
  • Strengthen your leg muscles by doing leg exercises
  • Wear comfortable shoes

Other simple remedies to reduce foot/ankle swelling:

  • Avoid sitting for long periods. You can sit up and walk around during office breaks
  • Do some leg exercises
  • Don’t forget your support stockings. Wearing it can decrease your edema
  • Don’t wear tight garments around your thighs
  • Lose weight, if it is causing your edema
  • Opt for a low-salt diet
  • When you lie down, make sure that your legs are raised above your heart
  • Take magnesium supplements for some relief upon your physician’s approval
  • Yoga: It can improve your blood circulation
  • Soak your feet in tonic water. It gives immediate relief and also reduces swelling
  • Bathe in Epsom salts. Fill your tub with water and add a bucket of Epsom salts to relax your muscles and decrease swelling
  • You may use pain reliever cream on the affected area. Go through Velatrin Review, as this cream could provide instant, lasting, cooling relief from joint pain.

Address the Root of the Swelling

Your ankles/feet swell because of some illnesses or drug reactions. Talk to your physician about it. Don’t self-medicate because some drugs can make it worst.

Here are some over-the-counter medications to reduce swelling:

  • Aspirin
  • Ibuprofen
  • Acetaminophen. It can’t lessen swelling, but it decreases pain.
  • You can also opt for a joint pain supplement to reduce swelling altogether. Dig in joint pain supplements reviews to find the best suitable supplement.

Expert’s Opinion

The general consensus on ankle pain is that it is a regular occurrence with some professionals experiencing it as a result of a professional hazard. Experts say that prevention can go a long way into preventing the occurrence. For instance, sportspersons need to make it a point to warm up the joints before participating in the sport. According to experts, people who have previously suffered from ankle injuries can always wear supporters that provide additional strength to the joints.

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Evan Jensen, CPT

Evan Jensen is a renowned American Nutritionist, Diet Expert and health writer. He has a master’s degree in journalism, with more

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