Inflammation refers to a localized reaction that leads to warmth, redness, swelling, and pain due to irritation, infection or injury. Inflammation can be either external or internal.
In the popular sense, The Anti-Inflammatory Diet is not a diet – it’s not meant for a weight loss program (though people can lose weight on it), nor it is used to stay on for a limited period. Rather, this diet is all about selecting and preparing foods using scientific knowledge on how it can help your body maintain optimum health.
These foods are thought to have an ability to influence inflammation as well as providing a steady energy and ample minerals, vitamins, protective phytonutrients and essential fatty acids dietary fiber.
According to most health experts, consuming a diet rich in such foods will for sure help decrease the levels of inflammation in the body. However, these experts argue that addition or reduction of any of these foods may not necessarily lead to a profound effect on your health.
Results from a more recent study published in January 2015, in the Nutrition Journal, it was found that those men who consumed flaxseed for a period of 42 days had an experience of a significant reduction in the inflammatory markers. This was contrary to those men who did not use this flaxseed.
In a different study that was published in the journal Cancer Prevention Research, October 2011, the authors observed that extracts of ginger roots can lead to a reduction of markers of colon inflammation.
Results from a study in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, that was published in 2011 found out that curcumin ( key compound in turmeric spice, used in curry) was able to suppress mechanisms of biology that lead to inflammation caused by diseases of tendons.
As observed by Kristin Kirkpatrick, a dietarian at the Cleveland Clinic, There is an abundance of evidence linking various foods with reduction of inflammation in the body. He argues that the only thing remaining is learning how the mechanism of reducing inflammation comes about.
Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and Rheumatoid arthritis are some of the conditions linked to higher levels of inflammation. However, as observed by Kirkpatrick, adding one specific food to your diet, might not necessarily mean that it can work wonders in reducing inflammation in the body.
While addressing live science, Kirkpatrick observed that eating of a very sound diet composed of produce, plant based foods such as grains will help reduce inflammation throughout the body.
She further argues that this diet can lead to a significant reduction in inflammation if you eat such foods across the board.
She further observed that those people who consume supplements do not get the same amount of results as those who eat real foods with anti-inflammatory properties.
Foods To Stay Away From
In addition to eating foods with anti-inflammatory properties, it would also be important to avoid some foods known to promote inflammation levels, she continued.
The same sentiments are backed by Dr. Monica Aggarwal, cardiologist and a member, Heart Center at the Mercy Medical Center, Baltimore who claimed that we are consuming too many pro-inflammatory foods such as dairy, eggs and processed foods rich in preservatives.
According to her, she recommended that people ought to consume less of such foods and instead consume more of vegetables and fruits rich in lycopene and carotenoids- two properties that help to decrease inflammation in the body. According to data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, guavas and tomatoes are rich in lycopene; while carrots, spinach and peppers are good sources of carotenoids.
According to Julie Wylie-Rosett, professor in the department of the department of medicine and epidemiology and population health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, New York, consuming a diet full of anti-inflammatory properties and at the same time avoid foods with possible inflammatory properties will help reduce inflammation in the body.
She continued to argue that it’s still not clear how taking an actual anti-inflammatory diet works when compared to anti-inflammatory medication regularly. She continued to argue that there has never been a head-to-head comparison between anti-inflammatory dietary pattern and the use of drugs.
Kirkpatrick concluded by saying that though food is medicine, it is impossible to compare a medicine grew on the ground, and that has been created in the laboratory. But there are other factors that ought to be taken into consideration while deciding on the best medicine. She argues that all will depend on the person’s condition plus the reasons for inflammation and medication may be required, but you can still add food to it.