Updated: 2018, Aug 11

Hyaluronic Acid – Its Medical Uses, Dosing, and Prescription

Hyaluronic Acid is normally found within the human body. Typically, it is located in the eyes and joints. In medicine, the chemical is created from rooster combs or bacteria. Individuals typically use it to treat joint problems and certain types of arthritis. It can be used in eye surgeries, plastic surgery and for healing wounds. In skin creams, this formula can be used to treat burns, moisturize and reduce cellulite.

Hyaluronic Acid Overview Information

Hyaluronic Acid

Over the last few years, hyaluronic acid has been increasingly used to treat problems associated with aging. Practitioners claim that an oral or topical dosage of the formula can reverse skin aging. In plastic surgery, it is often used as lip filler. It works by creating a cushion for the joints and lubricating the affected area. Some studies have also indicated that it can transform the way that the body deals with an injury. Due to this, it has often been used to treat burns or skin ulcers. Studies indicate that it is extremely effective for ulcers in the mouth and eye surgeries. The average person contains 15 grams of hyaluronic acid in their body. Each day, the human body produces an additional 5 grams to replace any amount that is lost.

When was Hyaluronic Acid Discovered?

In the 1970s and 1980s, the company Pharmacia first made a product that replicated the hyaluronic acid that is normally found in the body. This first discovery of an artificial version of the chemical was approved for ophthalmic surgeries like corneal transplantation, retinal detachment repair and cataract surgery. Since it has a short half-lie, the drug must be reapplied and stabilized when it is used medically. Due to its many benefits, hyaluronic acid is now being used in innovating tissue engineering research.

Clinical Studies of Hyaluronic Acid

Clinical studies of hyaluronic acid show that it is effective with eye surgeries and procedures that involve the eye. It also boasts of reasonable effectiveness in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Recent cellulite products now contain hyaluronic acid. Although some of the studies are inconclusive, initial trials indicate that it can be an effective way to reduce cellulite and other eye skin ailments. Individuals should follow the directions on any product that contains hyaluronic acid and contact their doctor if they have any problems.

Where is Hyaluronic Acid Located in the Body?

In the normal human body, hyaluronic acid is typically found in the eyes or joints. As people age, the amount of hyaluronic acid decreases in the body and can be replaced with supplements. The average person has a total of 15 grams of hyaluronic acid in their body. Every day, the human body replaces and replenishes one-third of the hyaluronic acid in the body.

Where is it Found?

Outside of the human body, there are a few places where hyaluronic acid is found. In the past, scientists often reproduced the chemical using hyaluronic acid that was readily available in a rooster’s comb. For that time period, new technology has allowed hyaluronic acid to be reproduced using bacteria. This work is typically carried out in laboratories before the chemical is transformed into a liquid or capsule form.

What are its Medical Uses?

Originally, hyaluronic acid was used in eye surgery. It could assist with repair work on the retina and cornea. After it initially hit the market, hyaluronic acid became a popular treatment for osteoarthritis and joint problems. It is commonly used as lip filler in cosmetic procedures and an ingredient in cellulite cream. Over the last few years, hyaluronic acid has achieved an increasing amount of popularity as an anti-aging drug.

What is Hyaluronic Acid’s Chemical Structure?

In the 1930s, Karl Meyer initially figured out the properties of hyaluronic acid in the body. This chemical is a polymer of disaccharides. The size of these polymers can extend to 20,000,000 Da in vivo. The chemical is energetically stable due to the disaccharides.

How Does it Work?

Hyaluronic acid works by reducing inflammation and limiting the inflammatory response of the body. In the skin, it performs the crucial role of re-epitehlization. It removes free-radicals and enhances keratinocytes. The human body typically finds a high amount of hyaluronic acid in the basal layer of the skin. This allows the skin to remain hydrated and lets nutrients pass through.

Hyaluronic Acid

For osteoarthritis, a healthcare practitioner normally injects hyaluronic acid into the body. Skin ailments and cellulite are often treated with a topical or oral dosage. Depending on the brand, the exact dosage amount may vary. Individuals who choose to take hyaluronic acid should always follow the exact directions on the bottle. In the event of an overdose or side effects, individuals should contact their doctor immediately. For the majority of people, hyaluronic acid can be taken without any side effects. If it is injected, pain or redness may occur at the injection site. Eye surgeries that use the chemical may cause a temporary increase in the pressure on the eye. According to research, hyaluronic acid is most likely safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Since there has not been enough research to be sure about its safety, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should discuss the side effects of hyaluronic acid with their doctor before they choose to use it.

Different Ways to use Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid can be used as a cream and applied topically to the skin. Some patients are given injections to treat joint pain or arthritis. Newer anti-aging products may also use hyaluronic acid in a capsule or pill form.

What it is Prescribed For?

Typically, hyaluronic acid is prescribed by doctors for osteoarthritis, joint problems and eye surgeries. It is also prescribed for burns or skin ailments. Over the counter forms of the medication are often designed to treat problems like cellulite and to moisturize the skin.

Hyaluronic acid is a useful part of a moisturizer or anti-cellulite cream. It can reduce the amount of cellulite in the body and create a more supple looking skin. Like any medication, individuals should discuss using hyaluronic acid with their doctor before beginning treatment.

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