Sexually transmitted disease (STD) is a term used to refer to diseases and infections transmitted through sexual intercourse. The microorganisms which cause STDs pass from one person to another through semen, blood, and vaginal or other bodily fluids.
The introduction of sex education in schools and many preventative measures targeting different age groups were meant to educate men and women, boys and girls, about the importance of safe sex.
Not only does safe sex prevent unwanted pregnancy, but it also keeps you safe from STDs. Something went terribly wrong because the latest figures show that STD rates reached a record high.
STDs In Americans
According to the report, cases of three common sexually transmitted diseases syphilis, Chlamydia, and gonorrhea affected more than 2 million people in 2016, which is an all-time record.
About 1,598,354 cases of Chlamydia have been reported in 2016, making it the most common notifiable condition in the country. In other words, 497.3 out of 100,000 people have this STD, which is an increase* by 4.7% compared to 2015.
This STD is most common among teenage girls and young adult females. The rates of Chlamydia vary among racial and ethnic groups. In 2016, rates were highest among African American, American Indians/Alaska Native girls.
In 2016, about 468,514 cases of gonorrhea have been reported which accounts for 145.8 cases per 100,000 populations. Compared to 2015, the rates of this STD increased by 18.5%.
During the period between 2015 and 2016, the incidence of gonorrhea rose by 13.8% in women and 22.2% among men. The vast majority of reported cases of this STD were among African American men as well as among American Indian/Alaskan Native males.
According to the latest report, about 27,814 cases of syphilis were reported in 2016. Compared to 2015, the incidence of this STD increased by 35.7% among women and 14.7% in men.
For quite some time, young adults aged between 20 and 29 develop syphilis more commonly than other age groups. The prevalence was the highest among African American men and Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders.
Epidemic Affecting Gay And Bisexual Men
Despite the fact that report shows a high incidence of STDs among young women, other populations are also severely affected, especially when it comes to gonorrhea and syphilis. The vast majority of new syphilis cases occur in gay and bisexual men, and other men who have sex with men, CDC reports.
That’s not all, the figures also revealed 28% increase* in syphilis among newborns during the 2015-2016 period. The problem is particularly serious in California with the second-highest incidence of newborn syphilis in the entire nation.
The US health officials warn that the number of sexually transmitted diseases is increasing* in California at an alarming rate. In fact, 2016 is the third year in a raw that reports showed a higher prevalence of Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis in this state.
Even though the increased prevalence of STDs is a serious problem, it is largely preventable. The higher incidence of these diseases only shows there is a systematic problem that has to be addressed.
With improved* preventative measures that promote safe sex, the rates of sexually transmitted diseases could decrease* significantly.
Related: 7 Things You Didn’t Know About STDs
The latest report about STDs issued by CDC reveals that the prevalence of these diseases reached an all-time high.
Teenage girls and young women are particularly affected by sexually transmitted diseases, but the epidemic also spread to other populations including gay and bisexual men, and newborns. Better preventative measures are necessary to decrease* the prevalence trend.
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