Rates of overweight and obesity keep growing, thus putting millions of people in the United States and worldwide at an increased risk of various health conditions and death. Claims about being overweight or obese and fit are not uncommon, but are they true?
This subject has become a massive debate between scientists and doctors who say it is impossible to be overweight and fit and those who claim otherwise. The latest study has the answer, keep reading to see what it is.
How Did It All Start?
The truth is, there were always assumptions that being overweight can also mean fit and healthy. But, everything took off in 2013 when the JAMA published a meta-analysis of existing studies about the link between all-cause mortality for overweight/obesity compared to healthy weight.
Scientists searched PubMed and EMBASE electronic databases to find their answers. They found 7034 articles on PubMed, of which 141 studies were eligible for this research.
Also, the EMBASE search resulted in two additional articles. Later, 97 studies made it to the final analysis. These studies had 2.88 million participants in total and 270,000 death cases.
Results showed that participants with BMI of 25-30 were less likely to die prematurely compared to their counterparts who are within a healthy BMI range. These findings came as a shock to the community of doctors and scientists as well as to those who assumed overweight can mean fit but never thought some study would confirm it.
It didn’t stop there, of course. After that, the debate about this subject only got more heated thus making general public confused. The recent study aims to put a stop to this discussion.
What Did The New Study Show?
This particular study was carried out by Camille Lassale and a team of researchers at the Imperial College London. They tested the hypothesis that metabolically healthy individuals don’t have a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases.
For this purpose, scientists analyzed data from more than 520,000 people in ten European countries, taken from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study.
Their findings, published in the European Heart Journal, showed that being overweight raises the risk of heart attack even if a person is otherwise healthy.
What’s more, the risk of coronary heart disease in overweight individuals increases* by 28% compared to their counterparts who are within a healthy weight range. The risk persists even when blood sugar levels, cholesterol, and blood pressure are healthy.
According to Lassale and her team, the study shows that “fat and fit” is just a myth, and the best thing to do is to manage weight and keep it within healthy limits. Lassale also shares the news that overweight individuals probably don’t want to hear.
She said that losing weight changes metabolism and makes it more difficult to achieve and maintain significant weight loss*. This could explain why many weight loss* interventions are ineffective. Weight loss* rarely lasts, she added.
If you’re overweight, don’t despair. The reason why weight loss* doesn’t last in some instances could be down to the fact that some people return to their old habits once they lose* weight. Weight loss* shouldn’t be a temporary program, but a lifestyle.
It is not uncommon for people to believe it is possible to be overweight and fit or assume that being metabolically healthy doesn’t increase* the risk of heart attack or death in overweight individuals.
The latest study showed that fat and fit is nothing but a myth. Even if blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels are within a normal range, carrying excess weight is still related to higher cardiovascular risk.
To achieve successful weight loss*, make necessary lifestyle adjustments including regular exercise and well-balanced diet.
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