Overactive Bladder: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment

Overactive Bladder
Editor's Note: This article has been recently updated with latest information and research studies.
 

OverActive Bladder Introduction

Overactive bladder is a chronic condition where the bladder contracts involuntarily once filled with urine. This comes when the bladder muscles suddenly contracts leaving you with no other option but to urinate immediately.

This problem of overactive bladder is a common condition which has affected most people in every corner of the world today. Thousands of men and women are in the fight against this urinary problem.

Overactive Bladder Signs And Symptoms

Frequent urinating after drinking large amounts of drinks is fine, in fact, it’s healthy. But once you discover that you’re always on the go even without having taken any fluids, just know that things are not really well. The major symptom of overactive bladder is that frequent and strong urge to urinate which you can’t resist.
Sometimes you notice that you’re unable to control* yourself and end up urinating before making it to the washroom. Other types of symptoms, you may notice include:

  • Leaking Urine: You will find that sometimes you leak urine whenever that sudden urge to urinate comes, a condition referred to as “urgency incontinence.”
  • Frequent Urinating: Another symptom of overactive bladder is frequent urination whereby you develop a great need to urinate time after time during the day. Experts have revealed that urinating more than eight times within 24 hours is abnormal.

Overactive Bladder Causes And Risk Factors

Overactive Bladder Causes And Risk Factors

The bladder, urethra, and the kidney make up those special organs in our bodies which deal with producing*, storing and removing* toxic fluids (urine) from our bodies. There is the presence of special muscles and nervous cells that also play a significant role in assisting these organs in ensuring* that the whole process goes well.

There are, however, many questions in most peoples’ minds on what actually causes the overactive bladder to occur. Below are some factor that causes this urinary problem.

  • Overactive Muscles: this problem can easily occur due to overactive muscles which frequently pushes urine when the bladder is not full.
  • Obstructions in The Urinary Tract: different obstructions in your system such as enlarged prostate can easily lead to the overactive bladder. These problems weaken the bladder muscles and the urinary stream.

Most of the old people who have reached menopause are regarded to be at a greater risk of suffering from overactive bladder. Other people involved include men who have been diagnosed with prostate problems and those with neurological problems such as the Parkinson’s disease and stroke.

Types Of Incontinence Problems

The problem of overactive bladder comes in different forms and affects a particular group of people. For a successful treatment, it’s important that you recognize your exact urinary problem.

  • Stress Incontinence: This form of overactive bladder is common among most women where you leak urine whenever you laugh heavily, sneeze or conduct heavy and tedious tasks.
  • Urge Incontinence: This form of urinary problem occurs when you experience a sudden urge to urinate which is, however, hard to control*.
  • Overflow Incontinence: This form of the urinary disorder occurs when you discover that your bladder is leaking urine without your notice. Your bladder is usually full with urine yet the urge to urinate is not felt.

You May Also Like To Read: Bladder Infection: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

Tests And Diagnosis

Diagnosis Overactive Bladder

For successful diagnosis of overactive bladder, your doctor will have to gather information about your health history which includes the types of medicine you take, the symptoms you have regarding this problem and how long it has occurred. Special tests will later be conducted which include;

  • Testing your urine for any urinary infections or blood.
  • Testing your bladder pressure.

Treatment And Medication

Before being treated for overactive bladder, your doctor can instruct you to conduct some behavioral interventions which include:

  • Consuming particular fluids at particular times and at particular levels.
  • Double void to ensure that you completely remove* urine from your bladder.
  • Train your bladder to hold urine through delaying to void whenever you feel the urge to urinate.

There are also different types of medication offered which help in relaxing your urinary system and lower the urge to urinate. Among them include; Toilerodine, Trospium, Mirabegron, Solifenacin and Oxybutynin Gel.

Precautions And Self-Care

Precautions And Self-Care about Oab

The following lifestyle precautions and practices can enable you maintain a good health and avoid the chances of getting overactive bladder.

  • Maintain A Good Weight: it is important that you maintain a healthy weight. People with obesity problems are always at a greater risk of suffering from stress urinary incompetence.
  • Avoid Too Much Fluid: It’s healthy to ask your doctor for the amount of fluids to consume in a day. A reduced* fluid intake is safe and will keep you away from any urinary problem.
  • Avoid alcohol: it’s important to avoid alcohol and other caffeine related drinks if you ever notice that you might be suffering from overactive bladder.

Conclusion

With this important information at your disposal, it’s advisable to ensure that you consume the right amounts of fluids to avoid this urinary problem. Ensure that you engage in a balanced diet coupled with effective exercise to fight overactive bladder symptoms and disorder.

You Make Like To End Up With This Article: Easy Home Remedies for Bladder Infections

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Author

Expert Author : Dr. Ahmed Zayed (Consumer Health Digest)

Dr. Ahmed Zayed Helmy holds a baccalaureate of Medicine and Surgery. He has completed his degree in 2011 at the University of Alexandria, Egypt. Dr. Ahmed believes in providing knowledgeable information to readers. Other than his passion for writing, currently he is working as a Plastic surgeon and is doing his masters at Ain shams University.