Autism Awareness Day: Join Hands on 2nd April

Autism Awareness Day
Editor's Note: This article has been recently updated with latest information and research studies.
 

About Autism Awareness Day

Autism Awareness Day is celebrated every year since 2008 and this year, April marks the National Autism Awareness day on 2 April 2017.

Programs and activities are included in the celebration of the event as it represents an excellent opportunity to promote autism awareness, autism acceptance and to draw attention to individuals facing an autism diagnosis each year.

What is Autism?

Autism, also called autism spectrum disorders (ASD), refers to a range of complex disorders of brain development. This disorders are characterized by pervasive and usually severe impairment of reciprocal social interaction skills, communication deviance and restricted stereotypical behavioral patterns.

Autistic disorder, best known as classic autism, is the most severe form of ASD. Other conditions along the spectrum such as Asperger syndrome, Rett’s disorder, and childhood disintegrative disorder, are milder forms of the disorder.

Causes

Reasons for the occurrence of the disorder includes:

Genetics – Primary factors to affect the DNA makeup.

Autism Causes

Many children with autism have a relative with autism or autistic traits.

  • Genomic research begins to discover that people with autism spectrum disorders probably share genetic traits with those who has attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or depression, suggesting that the five mental disorders have the same common inherited genetic variations.
  • They have found irregularities in several regions of the brain; others that people with autism have abnormal levels of several neurotransmitters in the brain. Such abnormalities underlying in conditions of autism could result from the disruption of neurodevelopment early in fetal development caused by a defective gene.

Environmental Factors – Nongenetic stresses appear to increase* further a child’s risk of developing autism, involving events before and during birth.

  • Parental age at the time of conception. A research study suggests that if the father is older during conception, there is a greater risk of autism for the baby.
  • The presence of maternal illness during pregnancy (gestational diabetes, infection) and certain birth complications during childbirth, particularly those involving periods of oxygen deprivation to the fetus’ brain.
  • The risk of having a child with autism increases* with pregnant women who fail to take prenatal vitamins containing folic acid and eat a diet rich in folic acid at least 600 microgramsperform actions a day.

Symptoms

Below is a list of the commonly found characteristics identified among people with autism.

Autism Symptoms

Social Challenges

  • Most children who develop autism have difficulty engaging in the give-and-take of everyday human interactions, such as failure to respond to their names, and reduced* interest in people.
  • Shows difficulty playing social games and in imitating actions of others. They prefer to play alone.
  • May have episodes of crying or having outbursts in inappropriate situations, tendency to “lose* control” in frustrating situations.

Communication Difficulties

  • Young children with autism tend to be delayed in babbling and speaking and learning to use gestures.
  • They may speak only single words or repeat the same phrase over and over, and display echolalia.
  • May have high-pitched sing-song or a flat, robot-like voice.

Repetitive Behaviors

  • They perform actions referred as stemming and they see it as self-stimulating.
  • They need extreme consistency in an environment and their daily routine.
  • Repetitive behaviors can take the form of intense preoccupations and they may develop tremendous interest in numbers, symbols, dates or science topics.

Treatment and Precautions

There is no cure* for autism spectrum disorders. The goals of therapy and behavioral interventions include reduction* of behavioral symptoms and to promote learning and development, particularly the acquisition of language skills. Management for autism include:

Educational/Behavioral Interventions – Involves training sessions that help children develop social and language skills.

EXAMPLE: Applied Behavioral Analysis

Medications – May be prescribed for the treatment of specific autism-related symptoms.

  • Antipsychotics (Haloperidol, Risperidone) for severe behavioral problems.
  • Anticonvulsants to treat* seizures.

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Purpose of Autism Awareness Day

The Autism Society launched a nationwide effort to promote autism awareness, inclusion and self-determination for all, and assure that each person with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is provided the opportunity to achieve the highest possible quality of life. The organization wants to go beyond simply promoting autism awareness. They now encourage families, friends and collaborators to become partners in the movement toward acceptance and appreciation.

Must Watch – World Autism Awareness Day Campaign Video

What can you do on this Day?

Show your support for people with autism by using the Autism Awareness Puzzle Ribbon – as a pin on your shirt and bags, a badge on your blog, or simply have it as your profile picture in Facebook.

Embrace a new perspective within yourself and make a difference by helping in the expansion of awareness about living with autism– ensuring* acceptance, and inclusion in schools and communities that will result in true appreciation of the unique aspects of individuals with autism.

Final Verdict

Every person is unique from the other. Autism should never be a hindrance for people from living a better life. Individuals affected by ASD should be treated with dignity and acceptance. Start taking steps closer to truly value them for their unique talents and gifts.

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Author

Expert Author : Syeda Kiran Zahra Hussain (Consumer Health Digest)

Syeda Kiran Zahra Hussain is a Pakistan origin health writer and nutritionist. After her basic education in Pakistan she moved to Oman for further studies and became "the First-Health Coach from the Sultanate". She is graduate of Psychology, Philosophy and English Literature, and was also nominated for "Full-Bright Scholarship Program," from St. Joseph College for women. Syeda is our lead contributing News Editor and she believes "Food is the best form of Preventive-Medicine".