What is Testosterone?
Testosterone is a steroid hormone found in mammals, reptiles and birds. In human beings, it is found in both men and women. However, testosterone is the principle male sex hormone and its amount in men is seven to eight times more than in women. It is secreted in the testicles in men and the ovaries in women. Small amounts are also secreted by the adrenal glands.
Why is Testosterone Important?
Testosterone is important both in men and women but it is especially in men as it has both anabolic and androgenic functions. Anabolic functions include inducing bone maturation and growth of muscles in both sexes. It has more androgenic functions which include:
- Inducing maturation of male sex organs
- Inducing manifestation of male secondary sex characteristics such as growth of beard and chest hair
- Increasing libido in both men and women
- Enlarging sebaceous glands
- Activating sperm development
- Increasing phallic and clitoris enlargement
How Does Testosterone Deficiency Affect Both Sexes?
Testosterone deficiency, which is medically referred to as hypogonadism, occurs in both men and women when their gonads produce little or no testosterone. Hypogonadism can occur in both men and women at any age and is due to genetic and environmental factors. The condition affects both sexes in equal measure.
In women, testosterone deficiency results in the following:
- Low sex drive
- Chronic fatigue
- Vaginal wall thinning
- Poor vaginal lubrication
- Mood swings and depression
- Miscarriages can reoccur if a woman has experienced them before
Men are also affected by testosterone deficiency in the following ways:
- Erectile dysfunction
- Low sex drive
- Chronic fatigue
- Loss of body hair and balding
What Role Does Testosterone Have in Regulating an Erection?
A low testosterone level is one of the causes of erectile dysfunction in men. Therefore, the role of testosterone in regulating erections is unquestionable though it is not very clear on how exactly it comes into play. Experts agree that low testosterone levels hinder erections at a very early stage of the process, the stimulation phase. An erection occurs in phases starting from stimulation to releasing of neurotransmitters and finally to vasodilation (expanding of blood vessels to increase blood flow into the penis).
Simply speaking, men who have low testosterone levels are likely to suffer from erectile dysfunction because their bodies are fatigued and their brains do not respond to sexual stimulation with the sane haste and reactiveness as compared to those who have normal testosterone levels. Testosterone makes erections possible by increasing a man’s sex drive, thereby making his mind and body more susceptible to sexual stimulation of any kind.
What is the Normal Level of Testosterone in Women?
Normal testosterone levels in women range from fifteen to seventy Nano grams per deciliter of plasma. All in all, men have approximately seven to eight times more testosterone than women.
What Can affect a Woman’s Testosterone Levels?
A woman’s testosterone levels fluctuate throughout her life during puberty, pregnancy and menopause. Testosterone levels are usually high during pregnancy and much lower during menopause. This normal kind of fluctuation may have side effects but you have nothing to worry about in terms of underlying medical causes. Other factors that affect a woman’s testosterone levels, some of which may require medical attention, include:
- Hysterectomy which is the surgical removal of ovaries, the primary producers of testosterone in a woman’s body
- Ovarian cancer
- Exposure to chemotherapy while treating ovarian cancer
- High blood pressure
- Glandular malformations in the ovaries
- Damage of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus
- Infections such as meningitis
What are the Symptoms of Low Levels of Testosterone in Women?
A woman’s wellbeing, particularly on sexuality aspects, is greatly affected by low testosterone levels. Testosterone is directly linked to a woman’s libido. If you have low testosterone, the following symptoms will be manifested as a sign that you should seek medical attention immediately:
- Fatigue and loss of muscle strength
- Mood swings
- Irregular periods
- Low sex drive and inability to have orgasms
- Poor vaginal lubrication
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Breast tenderness and soreness
How to Treat Low Testosterone Problems in Women?
Testosterone levels in women who have testosterone deficiency can be replenished by administering synthetic testosterone which is often referred to as Testarol. This is called testosterone replacement therapy and is a form of hormone replacement therapy. If a patient suspects she has testosterone deficiency, she should consult a doctor. Prior to adopting a treatment plan, the doctor will carry out blood tests and urine tests to determine if indeed you have low testosterone levels.
Once the problem has been established, testosterone hormone replacement therapy will be administered in form of pills, patches or injections. In addition, the underlying causes of the deficiency will be investigated and addressed appropriately.
What are the Benefits of Testosterone to a Woman’s Sexuality?
All women are supposed to have some testosterone because it is crucial to a woman’s sexuality. Without testosterone, women would probably not have any interest in sex. As far as the female sexuality is concerned, testosterone is crucial in three areas:
- Testosterone boosts a woman’s sex drive. Without it, women would lack the desire for sex and would not have any sexual fantasies
- Testosterone enhances women’s sexual responsiveness and receptivity. This hormone makes a woman sexually sensitive in areas such as the nipples and the clitoris. In addition to make her body sensitive, it also enables appropriate responses to sexual stimulation such as hardening of the nipples and enlargement of the clitoris
- Testosterone plays a huge role in making orgasms possible. Without it, women would suffer from anorgasmia (lack of orgasms)
All in all, testosterone is crucial for normal bodily functions in both men and women. Deficiencies would be disastrous for both sexes. Luckily, the condition can be treated by replenishing the hormone. Testosterone is primarily responsible for sexual behavior in both men and women. As far as aggressive behavior is considered, evidence has pointed out that this claim is legitimate as level of aggressiveness tends to increase with an increase in this hormone; hence the term: the aggression hormone.