Overview on Colon Problems
Colon has a very crucial role in the internal balance of the body. It’s responsible about water absorption, salt absorption and getting rid of stool and toxic substances. Many conditions may affect the colon; inflammation, infection, functional abnormalities and structural abnormalities. We are going to discuss some of the most common colon problems.
What is Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoid is a medical term which describes dilated veins that are located near the anus. Those veins are either from the rectum which is known as internal hemorrhoids or from the anus which is known as external hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids are painful while internal hemorrhoids are not.
What are Causes of hemorrhoids?
What are Symptoms of hemorrhoids?
- Itching around the anus
- Bleeding without pain
- Involuntary leakage of stool
What is Anal fissure?
Anal fissure is a tear in the skin that is located around or near the anus. This fissure may cause pain or bleeding. Midline in the back is the main site of anal fissure.
What are the causes of anal fissure?
Anal fissures are mainly caused by chronic constipation with hard stool or from anal injury; for example, after anal intercourse.
What are the Symptoms of anal fissure?
- Pain: Anal fissure causes severe pain especially when passing stool. It can remain for hours for even for days.
- Itching around the anus when defecating.
- Bleeding when passing stools.
Definition of abnormal growths:
The term “abnormal growths in colon” is the same term “colon polyps”. Those are small abnormal growths at the surface of colon.
Abnormal growths and cancer:
Most of abnormal growths are benign in nature but some types of abnormal growths may become cancerous with time.
Symptoms of abnormal growths:
They usually produce no symptoms. Most of them are diagnosed during the screening test for colon cancer. Some of them own the ability to become cancerous that’s why it’s recommended to remove them once they have been diagnosed.
What is diarrhea?
Diarrhea is a medical term used to describe excessive passage of watery stools. The stools passage more than two times daily is named diarrhea. Chronic diarrhea depletes water leading to dehydration. Add to that, diarrhea causes depletion of minerals leading to serious complications on the vital organs in the body; such as, the heart, kidney, and other.
What are the causes of Diarrhea?
There are many causes for diarrhea, following are some of them:
- Bacterial causes: Bacteria is very common around us, many of them may cause diarrhea.
- Viral causes: Viruses usually cause a disease known as gastroenteritis which is characteriazed by diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and cramping.
- Medications: This is true for antibiotics. Antibiotics are those medications which kill bacteria but they can’t differentiate between bad and good bacteria. That’s why the kill the good bacteria in the colon leading to diarrhea.
- Excessive consumption of food: Eating too much food is a known cause of excessive diarrhea. This is true with fruits, low sugar food, and low calories sweetener.
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What is Constipation?
Definition of Constipation:
Constipation is defecating less than 3 times daily with hard and dry stools. Constipation may cause pain during defecating and this may cause anal fissures.
How to Fight Constipation?
Following are some tips to fight constipation:
- Eat Fibers: Fibers are very useful in treating constipation. Fibers have two benefits: they soften the stools and make it bulky, these two benefits help in activating bowel movement thus treating constipation. Fiber-rich foods are vegetables, legumes, and fruits.
- Drink Water: Drinking more water is a very important natural way to fight constipation. It softens the stool and increases the fluid content in it.
- Do exercises: Doing regular physical activity enhances the bowel movement. It’s recommended to spend at least 30 minutes of any type of moderate exercises daily.
- Don’t overuse laxatives: Laxatives are effective treatment of constipation via enhancing diarrhea but they have lots of side effects and precautions. Be careful not to over consume laxatives.
- Consult your Doctor: If you have constipation for more than two weeks, you have to consult your doctor to rule out serious problems and to give you the best treatment for your problem.
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What is Abdominal Bloating?
Abdominal bloating is the sensation of full tight belly. There may be also distention or swelling in the belly. The physiological cause of bloating is the inability to pass flatus leading to accumulation of gases in the belly. This is usually associated with pain in the abdomen.
What are the causes of abdominal bloating?
Abdominal bloating can be caused by different conditions, following are some of them:
- Constipation may cause abdominal bloating
- Heart burn and untreated acid reflux
- irritable bowel syndrome
- Lactose intolerance
- Other causes: for example, air swallowing in nervous persons, overeating, some medications, and some serious medical conditions such as ovarian cancer, and other types of cancers.
What is Diverticulosis/Diverticulitis?
When the colon wall is weak, small outgrowths will appear in the wall, those are known as diverticulae. The presence of multiple diverticulae in colon is known as diverticulosis. Diverticulosis is an asymptomatic disease that is usually found in elderly.
With time, the stool will start to accumulate inside these diverticulae, this will cause inflammation then infection, this condition is termed diverticulitis. Diverticulitis is characterized by pain the lower left part of the belly, low-grade fever, cramping, vomiting, and constipation or diarrhea.
Almost all cases of diverticulitis are treated fully with antibiotics and fluid-rich diet. It’s recommended for those patients to adopt a fiber-rich diet, this will prevent the recurrence of diverticulitis.
Colon has a very crucial role in the internal balance of the body. Many conditions may affect the colon. Hemorrhoid is a medical term which describes dilated veins that are located near the anus. Anal fissure is a tear in the skin that is located around or near the anus. Abnormal growths in colon are small abnormal growths at the surface of colon. Diarrhea is a medical term used to describe excessive passage of watery stools.
The stools passage more than two times daily is named diarrhea. Constipation is defecating less than 3 times daily with hard and dry stools. Constipation may cause pain during defecating and this may cause anal fissures. Abdominal bloating is the sensation of full tight belly. There may be also distention or swelling in the belly.
The presence of multiple diverticulae in the colon is known as diverticulosis. With time, the stool will start to accumulate inside these diverticulae, this will cause inflammation then infection, this condition is termed diverticulitis.