According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the skin is the body’s largest organ and actively prevents harmful microbes from entering the body.
However, the integumentary system sometimes suffers from these four dangerous conditions.
Shingles is a skin disorder that is commonly associated with children, but older adults and those with weak immune systems also are susceptible. Shingles cause skin pain, rashes, fevers and headaches. Shingles is a viral infection that is caused by the chickenpox virus.
While there is no single cure for shingles, there are excellent treatment options. Pain, antiviral and antidepressant medicines will reduce the pain and disease duration. Topical antibiotics that are applied directly to the skin will reduce blistery infections.
2. Lichen Planus
This inflammatory skin condition occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks skin cells and mucous membranes. Lichen planus appears as dark and itchy bumps on the skin. Sometimes, it affects the mucous membranes in the mouth and forms white, painful sores. Lichen planus is not contagious and generally goes away on its own.
It primarily affects adults over 20 years of age. Common treatments include topical creams, such as corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, and topical inhibitors to reduce the effect on the immune system. Oral antihistamines and retinoids, which are special vitamin A supplements, also help.
3. Pemphigus Vulgaris
Pemphigus vulgaris, or PV, is an autoimmune disorder that causes sores and blisters. It occurs when the immune system creates antibodies to stop the growth of healthy proteins in the skin and mucous membranes. As a result, these antibodies break down the cell bonds and fluid collects between the layers of the skin and form skin erosions.
This skin disorder commonly occurs among adults over the age of 40. Treatment may involve antibiotic pills and antifungal medicine to control or prevent potential infections, which may break open, become severely infected and cause fatalities.
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4. Skin Cancer
There are different types of skin cell cancer. Bell cell carcinoma (BCC) involves slow growing, malignant epidermal tumors that develop from hair follicles.
These tumors infiltrate surrounding tissues and invasively destroy vulnerable areas, such as skin that is chronically exposed to the sun. The sun-exposed areas of the neck and head are at highest risk, where small white or translucent lesions will likely appear.
Squamous cell carcinoma is a cancer that is caused by too much UV exposure or by excessive use of sunbeds. It is technically caused by uncontrolled growth of abnormal squamous cells and medically treated through safe dermatology surgery at Dermatology Surgery Center or another clinic in your area.
Be sure to avoid excessive expose to the sun, use mild cleansers and exfoliate the skin once a week. Directly consult with a dermatologist for any skin-related concerns.
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