Teenagers are not the only people suffering from skin conditions that make them self-conscious. Children and adults of all ages deal with breakouts, itching and other skin problems that, while likely temporary, can be majorly inconvenient and annoying. Unfortunately, many skin problems affect the face, which is what people see most.
One of the best solutions to skin problems is the prevention of long-lasting or extreme conditions by maintaining a healthy, regular skin care routine. To take care of the skin on the face, skin cleansers are important.
More than just plain soap and water, skin cleansers are formulated to target and prevent specific skin issues and to keep the face looking fresh.
The first step in choosing a facial cleanser is identifying the type of skin a person has on their face:
Common Skin Types
Considered an organ (the largest organ of the body, in fact,) the skin serves many purposes. From acting as the first layer of defense against germs to keeping the necessary material inside, like the blood, the skin’s health affects the rest of a person’s well-being. Skin even helps to determine some of the seemingly simple abilities of the body, like temperature regulation and sensing touch.
Although it is one unified organ, the skin can vary. Think about the skin on a person’s face versus the skin on their feet. Besides looking and feeling very different, the skin in these regions can have different problems as well. The skin on the foot is much more likely to get calloused than the skin on the face, for instance.
The following skin type descriptions are specific to the skin on the face. They can change over time and even throughout the year as the seasons come and go. Some people find that their skin type is predictable or easy to manage, whereas others find that the skin on their face is perpetually frustrating.
For example, a person with sensitive skin knows that using any product can cause a rash or itchiness. That can affect their daily lives easily. Sensitive skin is easily noticed because it appears healthy unless exposed to irritants. The irritants vary by person, but common ones include:
- Soaps c.
- Chemicals in cleaning products.
- Ingredients found in scented shampoos, deodorants, and more.
Every person’s skin has its own standard of normal. For some people, the skin may be pale with red speckling and easy to notice pores. It may not feel soft, but it won’t be dry or oily either.
Generally speaking, though, skin is normal when:
- The pores are barely visible.
- Few imperfections are obvious.
- The complexion is fresh and glowing.
- Contact with products and the environment doesn’t result in severe reactions.
Most people notice if they have oily skin. Just like it sounds, oily skin is skin that produces* too much oil. The pores on someone with oily skin are enlarged and easy to spot. Their skin appears and feels greasy. Excessively shiny or slick complexion is common for people with oily skin as well.
On the contrary, a person with dry skin may have trouble finding their pores. Their skin may have a dull appearance and even grow flaky. Itching is a common result.
Often dry skin feels and looks tight, which can cause the muscles and joints beneath the skin to feel constrained and tight as well. Without fluidity, dry skin also highlights lines, blemishes, and wrinkles.
Caused by anything from genetic factors to the weather outside, dry skin can be very irritating. Repairing dry skin can also be confusing since many products that seem like they would moisturize the skin but actually dehydrate the skin.
Many people find that they have combination skin in which certain parts of the skin are one type and other parts are very different in makeup. A person with a very oily face and dry skin on the neck might be an example.
Types of Facial Cleanser
Cleaning the face with more just soap and water has several advantages, like:
- Being designed to clean the face, not just the whole body.
- Removing* excess dead skin cells and excess surface oils.
- Clearing off products like makeup.
- Cleaning out the pores.
- Protecting the skin by helping it better* absorb applied health products.
See Also: What is The Best Way to Clean My Skin?
All facial cleansers are designed to offer these and other benefits to the skin on the face. Each type has other, more specific advantages as well.
Common types of skin cleansers include:
Skin Type Specific
There are cleansers made for each well-known and defined type of skin. For example, there are cleansers made specifically for dry skin and others made specifically for oily skin. The differences between these cleansers lie mainly in their ingredients.
A face cleanser for oily skin, for instance, is likely to be oil-free so as not to add any more excess grease to the face. Cleansers for dry skin may contain oils, though, to help hydrate the face.
It should be noted that choosing a cleanser that is highly effective can take some trial and error. A person with normal skin may find that a normal skin cleanser has so much oil that it turns the skin from “normal” to “oily.” In that case, try an oil-free cleanser designed for normal skin.
Many cleansers are also designed to prevent or fix certain skin issues as well. Such products are generally labeled by the problem they target, like “acne-fighting cleanser” or “wrinkle-reducing cleanser.”
Just be sure when choosing a cleanser that tackles a specific issue that the product also suits the skin type. For instance, an oil-based cleanser that fights acne may or may not clear up pimples and improve* the health of the skin if the person using it has oily skin to begin with.
Post and Pre Cleansers
Some cleansers are made for a purpose like to prepare the skin for a facial or to relieve the skin through makeup removal. Cleansers like these should be selected by skin type as well. Keep in mind that these types of cleansers ought to be used specifically as directed when needed, not in general.
Mild, Everyday Cleansers
Other cleansers are designed for everyday use. Created to compliment regular face washing and the application of everyday body lotion, many common cleansers should be used each morning and night.
Tips for Using Cleansers Well
Whether using cleansers every day or just on occasions as needed, there are a few ways to ensure that cleansers are truly effective besides simply choosing the right one:
- Be sure to follow the directions exactly. Some cleansers are designed to rinse the skin off, others have to soak on the face and be washed off with water. Misusing cleansers can cause breakouts, itchiness, and more.
- Never scrub the face hard while cleansing. The skin is delicate and complex. Cleansers are designed to penetrate the surface and work through the pores so that no one has to push and press on their skin, which could potentially damage it or make skin problems worse.
- Test the products for just a couple of days. Cleansers can cause a variety of reactions over the course of a few days that may or may not be desirable. Give it time to work and prove how well it suits a skin type before deciding it to use it permanently.