What is Photoaging and What are the Treatments For Photoaging?

Written by - Reviewed by Consumer Health Digest Team

Published: Apr 19, 2014 | Last Updated: Sep 18, 2018

Know About Photoaging

No matter what age you’re in, you most certainly will not be glad to be mistaken for older. Although you may be wearing your wrinkles proud as a sign of having survived life and gained wisdom, developing too many of these lines could hurt your ego. So, no matter how young you are, it’s never too early or too late to give your skin extra love and care.

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The good news is that anti-aging science and technology are fast developing, and newer, more effective products and procedures are now available both to protect skin and reverse signs of aging. Yet, there is one thing you can do to give your skin the ultimate protection it can get to avoid premature aging: stay away from the sun!

What is Photoaging?

It is nearly impossible to totally steer clear of the sun. However, as a matter of fact, you need a little bit of sun exposure daily to help your body produce Vitamin D. Essential levels of Vitamin D is important for the proper functioning of the body’s vital organs. Sunlight is also important to help protect us from depression.

The fact remains, however, that the sun is the skin’s worst enemy. Chronic long-term exposure to the sun causes a specific type of premature skin aging known as Photoaging. While natural processes result to skin aging, Photoaging may be responsible for up to 90 per cent of premature aging especially on young skin. Sunbathing, artificial indoor tanning, and regular unnecessary sun exposure all add up to cause Photoaging to occur.

Some of the common signs of Photoaging, which are especially evident and visible among affected younger people, are:

Signs Of Photoaging
  • Fine lines and wrinkles on the forehead, and around the eyes and mouth
  • Development of crow’s feet on the sides of the eyes
  • Appearance of freckles, pigmented spots, blotching, and uneven skin tone
  • Thinning of lips
  • Thinning skin on regularly sun-exposed areas bruise more easily
  • Appearance of actinic keratosis, or sun-caused red, scaly patches of skin, which may be pre-cancerous
  • Very dry, rough, and leathery skin

How UV Rays Damage The Skin?

The sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays are characterized to be shorter in wavelength compared to visible light. UV radiation cause skin cells to mutate in an attempt to protect the skin from the damaging effects of contact with UV light. In the process, however, skin cells may be damaged or die. Damages result to Photoaging, and causes signs of premature aging to manifest on skin.

Harmful UV rays are generally of two types: UVA and UVB. UVB are characterized by shorter wavelengths compared to their UVA counterparts. UVB causes severe damages to the epidermis that include thickening of epidermis, sunburn and darkening, and other skin diseases. Skin damage caused by UVA may go unnoticed for a while because it penetrates deeper into the skin, causing damage to collagen and elastin fibers underneath. UVA damages take longer to manifest yet, damage caused are longer term, even permanent and irreversible.

Sun Condition

How to Treat Photoaging?

1.Use Sunscreens

Use Sunscreens

Always reach for broad spectrum sunscreens to protect your skin from the harmful effects of UVA and UVB rays which come in different wavelengths. Apply sunscreen that has at least a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) 30 or greater. More advanced sunscreens now contain active ingredients that prevent sun protecting ingredients from breaking down upon exposure to the sun, like Helioplex and Mexoryl. This new property of sunscreens ensures that skin is protected from the sun for longer without the need for frequent reapplication.

2.Use of Creams & Serums
Available treatment for Photoaging are generally the same as treatment for wrinkles and age spots. Topical treatments are available, led by creams and serums that contain retinoid, a derivative of Vitamin A, as an active ingredient. Studies have shown that topical application of retinoid result to visible results in the improvement or disappearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and in speeding up collagen production in the dermis, or the second layer of the skin. You can also try out some wrinkle creams such as Wrinkle Rewind which may help you to get healthy skin.

3.Try Anti-aging products
Topical application of other anti-aging products that contain active ingredients like hyaluronic acid, peptides, antioxidants, and Vitamins A, C, and E have also gained popularity. Many of which are also available as injectable fillers, and have been shown to stimulate collagen production as well.

4.Clinical treatments

Clinical treatments

Clinical, non-invasive procedures that are also gaining popularity and wider use for the treatment of Photoaging include fractional CO2 laser skin resurfacing, intense pulsed laser, and red light therapy.

Simply shielding your skin from the sun can help you prevent signs of aging from appearing until you’re well over your 50s. Keep skin free from damages caused by Photoaging. Practice better sun protection habits today.

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