What is Teen acne?
Teen acne is basically a skin disease of the teenagers that mostly begins to occur from the age of 12. It involves the emergence of one or more contusions over the skin and is mostly seen to appear in the facial skin (such contusions are better known as ‘pimples’). It can also appear on other parts of the body such as the chest, neck or shoulders. Acne is a common skin problem among the teenagers regardless of sex and living standards.
How teen acne looks like?
It depends upon the intensity of the acne. Sometimes one or two contusions appear on the face, neck or on the chest and sometimes they can appear on all over the face.
Why do some people get teen acne while others don’t?
Most of the people do get teen acne, but there are exceptions. Teen acne occurs mainly due to the gradual changes in hormone during puberty. A specific group of hormones known as the Androgens stimulate the oil glands to produce excess Sebum (an oily substance) which blocks the hair follicles in the skin and causes contusions to appear. Having acne is also related to genetics i.e. it can be inherited from parents by the children.
Acne is a result of the colonization of a group of bacteria known as P. acnes (Propionibacterium acnes). Some of the people do not get acne because they have friendly strains of this group of bacteria that does not allow the development of contusions over the skin.
Teen Acne Treatments
Some of the most effective and easy home remedies for teen acne involve the use of:
- Honey: Just take some honey and rub it gently over the acne affected area. Leave it there for about 20 minutes and then wash it off with lukewarm water.
- Apple Cider Vinegar: Dip a piece of cotton wool into a cup of water containing 1/4th vinegar solution and gently massage the acne areas with it. Leave the area like that for about 15 minutes and then wash it off with water.
- Orange Peel Mask: Take out 2 fresh orange peels and grind them. Add some water into the grinded peels and prepare a semi thick paste. Apply the paste on the acne affected areas. Keep it there for about half an hour and then wash it off with water.
- Aloe Vera Gel: Applying aloe vera gel over the affected areas can reduce* acne inflammations. It is easily accessible from nearby stores or supermarkets.
- Garlic: Cut a garlic clove into two pieces and apply directly over the infected areas. Repeat it at least twice a day for better results.
Visiting a Dermatologist
If home remedies for teen acne don’t seem to improve* the acne conditions, the patient must consult a dermatologist for advanced treatments. No delays should be done in this case.
Medications used to treat* Teen Acne
- Oral Antibiotics: With the combination of necessary topical treatments for acne, oral antibiotics are often quite helpful in treating severe acnes. Antibiotics belonging to the tetracycline group are often prescribed by the doctors to remove* persistent acnes.
- Oral Contraceptives: Treatment through the use of oral contraceptives on teenage acne patients should only be done after a proper consultation with the patient’s parents or legal guardian. Oral contraceptives are found to be quite effective in treating severe cases of teen acne. They are also reported to have certain side effects on the patient.
- Topical Antimicrobials: Creams that contain benzoyl peroxide is often applied over the acne affected areas to reduce* the inflammation. Sometimes it can cause skin irritation and excess moisture loss.
- Isotretinoin: These are quite powerful and effective medicine to treat* severe acnes and are only recommended by dermatologists when all other medications fail to improve* acne conditions significantly. Isotretinoin is sometimes reported to cause skin irritation.
Prevention tips for teen acne
- Avoid direct sunlight: The UV rays from the sun can cause the contusions to swell more. Certain acne topical creams can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight (through their action towards acne). So it is safe to use an umbrella or some good sunscreen lotions to provide you protection from sunlight.
- Always keep your face clean: Take regular baths and wash your face (at least twice a day) with mild soaps or dedicated face wash packs to remove* impurities and excess oil from the skin surface.
- Moisturize Your Skin: Dry skins are susceptible to irritations. Many acne products can cause your skin to dry up. Therefore, it is necessary to restore the moisture of your skin through the use of good quality moisturizing gels/creams.
- Avoid touching your pimples : Most of the teenagers posses the habit of picking their pimples. This is not at all good for the skin since picking pimples can leave a scar or a deep spot over the face for a long time.
- Choose Makeup Wisely: Avoid using oily make-ups and blushes since they can cause your pimples to swell more.
In general, acne persists among teenagers only until they overcome puberty. With severe acnes, it is always recommended to seek a dermatologist’s advice and go through all the necessary treatment procedures involved. Never panic when you have acne! Take proper medicines and it will go away as if it never even existed. Happy skin caring!