A Quick Review on what Acne is and How does it occur?
Acne is a non-infectious common disease of the skin that mostly appears in a person during his/her puberty. It may also be seen to appear in babies who are less than a year old and also among people who have an age of 30. Elderly people are less likely to develop acne.
Acnes are small bumps that appear the skin, mostly the face, neck, shoulders and on the back. Acnes can be of three types- mild, moderate and severe.
Acnes are the consequences of the colonization of a particular bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes (well known as P. acnes).
In humans, a particular group of hormones known as the Androgens stimulate the oil glands the upper layer of our skin. It produces excess sebum (an oily substance required in an adequate amount to nourish the skin). The P. acnes begin to thrive on this excess sebum and clog certain skin pores to cause an outbreak of acne.
Overview on Vitamins for Acne
Vitamins are essential requirements for a healthy skin. They also play an important part in the treatment of acne. Vitamins for acne concentrate on providing the skin with necessary nourishments to help fight the symptoms of acne. Some of the essential vitamins for acne that aid the acne treatment are as follows
- Vitamin A
- B Vitamins
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin E
Do Vitamins Treat Acne Effectively?
Certain vitamin deficiency (such as Vitamin A) can lead to an outbreak of acne. Vitamins are not only essential to achieve a healthy skin, but they also help in our overall growth and development. They can alter hormone levels within our body to reduce the possibility of acne development.
Role of Vitamins in Acne Treatment
Vitamin A facilitates the removal of dead skin cells that are often present in the skin pores and thus prevent the pores from being congested. Deficiency of vitamin A can cause acne to appear over the skin.
Sources: Certain topical creams for acne contain Vitamin A in the form of retinoid. Besides that, fish oil, liver, butter, yogurt, etc. are great sources of vitamin A for the skin.
All B Vitamins contribute to make skin healthier. The names of some of the B Vitamins for acne along with their respective role in acne treatment are as follows:
Vitamin B6 prevents the excess production of Sebum from the sebaceous glands present beneath the epidermis of our skin. This ensures a lower probability of acne development. It is also required by Vitamin B12 to function properly.
Sources: Green leafy vegetables such as Kale, turnip greens, spinach, etc. are great sources of Vitamin B6. Other foods such as chicken, cold water fishes (such as Tuna and Salmon) are also rich in Vitamin B6.
Vitamin B2 are an important nutrient for healthy hair, nails and skin. They also help to decrease stress which is often related to the development of acne.
Sources: Green leafy vegetables, whole grains, eggs, milk, etc. are good sources of Vitamin B2.
Pantothenic acid (chemical name for Vitamin B5) is often quite helpful in reducing acne inflammations. Regular and moderate intake of vitamin B5 as a supplement can considerably improve the acne conditions.
Sources: Mushrooms, cheese, oily fish (such as Salmon, rainbow trout etc.) are good sources of Vitamin B5.
Other B Vitamins
Vitamins such as vitamin B1 and B3 with a combination of other necessary vitamins and minerals also play an important part in skin nourishing. They contribute to make skin look more vibrant and also help to flush out toxins that are harmful to the skin.
Vitamin C helps to reduce the redness within the cysts or pimples and thus contribute to lesson the inflammations. Natural sources of vitamin C are most useful in minimizing acne symptoms. It is also a fundamental ingredient to fight infection and aid the natural process of cellular repairing within the body.
Sources: Orange, guava, kiwis, strawberries, papaya are good sources of vitamin C.
Vitamin E is a pretty powerful antioxidant that helps in the process of cell recovery when a bruise is made by picking the pimples. It also facilitates the regulation of retinol within the blood.
Sources: Foods that are rich in Vitamin E include peanuts, spinach, broccoli and shrimp.
Vitamins can also be taken in supplement form. Excess intake of certain vitamins (such as Vitamin B12) can cause acnes to appear on a normal person. There are other nutrients (besides the mentioning) that can fight the symptoms of acne such as zinc, omega 3 fatty acids and selenium.
It is important to note that certain vitamins might contribute in treating mild acne cases, but they won’t have any significant impact the treatment of moderate and severe cases of acne.
Many patients having moderate or severe forms of acne require months (often years) of proper medications to get cured. A person suffering from persisting acne problems should ask for the doctor’s advice as soon as possible.